By 1835, most eastern tribes had unwillingly complied and moved west. The Bureau of Indian Affairs was created in 1836 to help out the resettled tribes. Most Cherokees rejected the settlement of 1835, which provided land in the Indian territory. It was not until 1838, after Jackson had left office, that the U.S. Army forced 15,000 Cherokees to leave Georgia. The hardships on the “trail of tears” were so great that over 4,000 Cherokees died on their heartbreaking westward journey.
It started with Georgia and the Cherokee land being given to what they considered intruders in the lottery. After Georgia, Andrew Jackson was elected President, who was known for his hatred for the Indians as a whole. President Jackson created the Indian Removal Act which stated that all Indians will have their land taken and be forced to move west of the Mississippi river. The Indian Removal Act led to the Trail of Tears. The Trail of Tears was the long and dangerous road that the Cherokee were forced to travel on.
Henry Knox was gave the task to come up wit... ... middle of paper ... ...(Perdue 20). It gave them two years to prepare for removal. Many of the Cherokees, led by John Ross, protested this treaty. However, in the winter of 1838-1839, all of the Cherokees headed west toward Oklahoma. This removal of the Cherokees is now known, as the Trail of Tears was a very gruesome event.
“We will never have true civilization until we have learned to recognize the rights of others” – Will Rogers (Quotes 1). One of the biggest events that took place was called the Trail of Tears; over 60,000 Native Americans - including the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole Nations were invaded. This took place from 1830 to 1838. This relocation resulted in the death of thousands of Native Americans, and was an outright failure by American citizens to exercise their responsibilities, the effects towards the Indians during the horrid event, and the long-term implications on the American Indians. The reaction among Indian tribes clearly shows that the Indians felt the forced relocation was a violation of their rights; the response by the Americans reveals their unethical tactics used to take away the Native Americans’ rights.
Natives were forced from their homes, and marched under extreme conditions to the extent that many died from disease, exposure, and voluntary death by bullet. The Trail of Tears experience started approximately in the May of 1830 and ended around March of 1840 (Strickland 344). The taking of Native Americans from several states east of the Mississippi, including North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, ("Trail") and Illinois (Simpson 56) into desolate reserves mainly located in present-day Oklahoma ("Trail") was ratified under the Indian Removal Act, passed by the U.S. President, Andrew Jackson on the 28th of May 1830 (Strickland 344). The Indian Removal Act was defined as trading the western U.S. Territory for the Native American Eastern Territory (Strickland 344).
These problems caused them to be driven from their homes then being put into internment camps, and then being forcefully moved to a strange land. The situation of the Cherokee got more complicated after the States Rights issue and a long fight between the federal government and Georgia. Such as, Georgia ceding its western lands were they wanted all titles of land that was heard by Indians to be extinguishing, but this did not happen because the Cherokees were certified by a treaty. When gold was found on Cherokee land the effort of removing them from their lands was increased. Then in 1830 the congress passed A Indian removal act that directed the Executive branch to make an agreement for Indian lands.
Native Americans were forced from their homes in Georgia, the Carolinas, and Florida; then, were forced to walk to present-day Oklahoma to find new homes. The Trail of Tears is the worst American tragedy because the Native Americans were forced to leave their homes, to travel across the country just to find a home, to establish their own civilizations, tribe leaders began to betray their tribes, and many died due to the genocide. First, the Europeans forced the Native Americans from their homes because the Europeans needed a place to live. The Europeans also found gold on the Cherokee land. This resulted in the Georgia Gold Rush.
During his presidency many legal issues came about when he did not follow the treaties made by the National Government with the Cherokee Nations. Perhaps the most controversial element of Jackson’s presidency was his strategy regarding Cherokees, which involved a mass filtering of ethnic groups. Jackson was a great supporter of a policy known as Indian removal. The movement of the Cherokee Indians was also known as the ‘Trail of Tears’, which was one of the saddest events in the history of United States, where thousands of Cherokees were stripped of their land in Georgia and were forced to march across the nation in search of a new home. Many tribes and portions of tribes had been removed to Arkansas Territory and further west of the Mississippi River as they suffered tragedy and a mass loss in numbers.
It was from that time on, the Native Americans would be required to defend their homeland as their own. During the late nineteenth century, there were as many as one hundred thousand Native Americans moved westward. The Native Americans from five different tribes were removed when Andrew Jackson signed into law The Indian Removal Act of 1830. The Cherokee tribe was the most devastated by this law. This removal of the Cherokee people is considered one of the most horrific acts in our nation’s history.
Throughout the history of the United States we have seen a huge clash of cultures between the European settlers and the Indians. It is obvious that the Indian people were stripped of everything they had, and forced to leave the land they cherished and lived on. One of the most important times to recall regarding this clash is the day of May 28, 1830, the day the Indian Removal Act was passed. This one law that was passed effectively allowed congress, and the president of the United States (Andrew Jackson) to begin negotiations for Indian land in the southern part of the county, in an effort to start moving the Indian people westward. The desire for land was the primary reason for Indian removal, and in the early 1600’s English settlers established colonies at Jamestown, Plymouth, and other locations.