Andrew Jackson and the Indian Removal The generalization that, “The decision of the Jackson administration to remove the Cherokee Indians to lands west of the Mississippi River in the 1830s was more a reformulation of the national policy that had been in effect since the 1790s than a change in that policy,” is valid. Ever since the American people arrived at the New World they have continually driven the Native Americans out of their native lands. Many people wanted to contribute to this removal of the Cherokees and their society. Knox proposed a “civilization” of the Indians. President Monroe continued Knox’s plan by developing ways to rid of the Indians, claiming it would be beneficial to all.
This act allowed the president exchange Indian lands for land west of the Mississippi River. This act was unfair to the Cherokee nation and the Indian people because they had no say in the passing of this act. Supporters of the removal act said that it would allow for Americans and immigrants to... ... middle of paper ... ...reserve community structures such as clan and kin relationships (nationalhumanitiescenter.org). The removal of the Cherokee Indians from their lands in the southeast is the largest Indian relocation in American history (Sides 362). It was unjust for the Americans to seize Indian land in order to make room for more Americans and immigrants.
For the "good" of the Indians, Andrew Jackson humbly believed, but was it truly for the profit of himself and the country first before the "good" of the Indians ("Andrew Jackson's case for removal of the Indians). Works Cited Ellis, Jerry. Walking the trail: One man's journey along the Cherokee Trail of Tears. New York: Dell Publishing, 1991. "Andrew Jackson" Andrew Jackson's Case for the Removal of Indians.
John Ross’s letter to president Jackson believed it was the white man’s duty to relieve the Indians from their suffering. This could only be accomplished by allowing the Native Americans to obtain their land in Georgia under the rights and privileges as free men. Nevertheless no great lands good for farming would be given to the Native Americans and Jackson would sign the Indian removal act. This act would allow the government to exchange fertile land for land in the west, where they would forcibly relocate the Indian
With the expansion of the country, the white Americans decided that they needed the Natives out. There were several motives for the removal of the Indians from their lands, to include racism and land lust. Since they first arrived, the white Americans hadn’t been too fond of the Native Americans. They were thought to be highly uncivilized and they had to go. In his letter to Congress addressing the removal of the Indian tribes, President Jackson states the following: “It will separate the Indians from immediate contact with settlements of whites; free them from the power of the States; enable them to pursue happiness in their own way and under their own rude institutions; will retard the progress of decay, which is lessening their numbers, and perhaps cause them gradually, under the protection of the Government and through the influence of good counsels, to cast off their savage habits and become an interesting, civilized, and Christian community.” (Jackson).
...Shortly after this, the true intentions of the United States became to show and it became apparent that embracing civilization would only hurt the Cherokee. The state of Georgia began removing the Cherokee, but the United States still kept their word and attempted to help the Cherokee to keep their homes. Andrew Jackson was elected as President and the Cherokee had no hope. President Jackson put forth the Indian Removal Act and by the summer of 1838 the Cherokee were completely moved west of the Mississippi River. The Cherokee leaders only hurt their people by embracing civilization.
This victory, along with wounds from his participation in the Revolutionary War, gave him the popular support he needed for a strong presidency. Although Jackson lost in his first attempt at the Presidency, he quickly learned from his mistakes and won the election of 1828 by 95 electoral votes (Norton, 359). During his administration Jackson was faced with many key issues, of which the Nullification crisis is an example. This was a crisis over the doctrine of nullification, which was being strongly pushed by South Carolina. According to this doctrine, the state had the right to nullify government legislature that was inconsistent with its own.
Although it was a heavy cost to pay, the lives lost were considered a necessary sacrifice for the advancement of American betterment and in result revolutionized the nation. The first impact that the Indian Removal Act had on American history was a political change. By removing the Native Americans out of their land and taking away their rights, Americans became the leaders of the nation and had the sole power to govern it. First, when white Americans were determined to take the Cherokee land, it changed the leadership of America. Andrew Jackson, who was currently the president at the time, signed into law the Indian Removal Act in 1830, ordering Native Americans to move from the east to the land west of the Mississippi River.
Another aspect of ‘The age of Jackson” is the fact that he supports the “Indian removal act” which enforced the removal of Indians to the west side of America. People tried to fight against it because they felt it was unconstitutional. A Supreme Court case was started called Worchester vs. Georgia i... ... middle of paper ... ...elt that it would be detrimental to let slaves go. Their main source of income was from the slaves . The northern states where more industrialized and didn’t need slaves.
Also, "after gold was discovered on Cherokee property, the Indians were prohibited from digging or mining gold on their own land." Page 4 Although there are many theories as to why President Andrew Jackson did what he did, the goal of the Indian Removal Act of 1830 was concrete. "His congressional charge was to move them all west of the Mississippi to open up the trans-Appalachian southeast for a flood of settlers who had been spilling over that chain of mountains from the earliest days of the republic." As a result, the "monumental legislation spelled the doom of the American Indian," and the bliss of the white citizens and the states in which they resided.