Andrew Jackson was known as the sharp knife among the Native Americans for his brutality toward Indians. He wanted to aggressively remove the Indians from the land that were on. He passed an act that allowed him to trade land that the natives were on for land far off past the Mississippi River. Many tribes disagreed and one Cherokee tribe challenged the state of Georgia to their rights to the land and won in the Supreme Court. Although they ruled that the Cherokee people had a right to their land, the state of Georgia and Jackson blatantly ignored the ruling.
The reaction among Indian tribes clearly shows that the Indians felt the forced relocation was a violation of their rights; the response by the Americans reveals their unethical tactics used to take away the Native Americans’ rights. The Cherokee and the Seminole, two groups of the Five Civilized Tribes who were both affected greatly, chose to react in different ways, contrasting deeply from the other affected groups. The Cherokee resisted the removal of their tribe by using the governmental laws. Georgia planned for their removal in order to collect the gold found on their land. In 1830, Georgia wanted to regain control of the Cherokee.
After the American Revolution was over the Indians got more problems. Such as the forming of a general policy of getting rid of the unwanted inhabitants. Also there was a National policy made to move Indians west of the Mississippi River, which is said to be the most culturally problem of that era. Plus there was the problem of them found not to be guaranteed equal protection under the law and could not prevent whites from attacking their lands. These problems caused them to be driven from their homes then being put into internment camps, and then being forcefully moved to a strange land.
During his presidency many legal issues came about when he did not follow the treaties made by the National Government with the Cherokee Nations. Perhaps the most controversial element of Jackson’s presidency was his strategy regarding Cherokees, which involved a mass filtering of ethnic groups. Jackson was a great supporter of a policy known as Indian removal. The movement of the Cherokee Indians was also known as the ‘Trail of Tears’, which was one of the saddest events in the history of United States, where thousands of Cherokees were stripped of their land in Georgia and were forced to march across the nation in search of a new home. Many tribes and portions of tribes had been removed to Arkansas Territory and further west of the Mississippi River as they suffered tragedy and a mass loss in numbers.
European settlers have a long history of mistreating Native Americans. The most famous example is the Trail of Tears in which President Van Buren and the federal government forcibly and violently removed Cherokee Indians in 1838 from their native land. Over 18 thousand Cherokee women, men and children were forced to walk 1,000 miles from Georgia to Oklahoma. Of these people, 4,000 died from harsh weather, starvation and exposure to illnesses. European settlers during this time viewed Native Americans as uncivilized savage and used this perception to justify violently removing the Native Americans from their land.
Native Americans were forced from their homes in Georgia, the Carolinas, and Florida; then, were forced to walk to present-day Oklahoma to find new homes. The Trail of Tears is the worst American tragedy because the Native Americans were forced to leave their homes, to travel across the country just to find a home, to establish their own civilizations, tribe leaders began to betray their tribes, and many died due to the genocide. First, the Europeans forced the Native Americans from their homes because the Europeans needed a place to live. The Europeans also found gold on the Cherokee land. This resulted in the Georgia Gold Rush.
The removal policy led to the forced removal of more than 100,000 Indians. Countless Indians died on forced marches. Recognizing Texas After Mexico won its independence in 1823, it gave a huge tract of land to Stephen Austin. They gave it to him with the understanding that he would bring into Texas three hundred American families who would become Roman Catholic and properly Mexicanized. These stipulations were mostly ignored.
The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Indians, however Jackson ignored the ruling and continued with his plan. The result of the Indian Removal Act was that many tribes were tricked or forced off their lands, if they refused to go willingly, resulting in many deaths from skirmishes with soldiers as well as from starvation and disease. The Cherokee in particular were forced to undergo a forced march that became known as the Trail of
The federal government proceeded to find a way around this decision and had three minor Cherokee chief’s sign the “Treaty of New Echota” in 1835 giving the Cherokee lands to the government for 5.6 million dollars and free passage west. Congress got the treaty ratified by only one vote. Members of their tribes murdered all three chiefs who took part in the signing of the treaty. After this event there was not much the Cherokee’s could do and were forcibly moved west on what they called and are known today as the ‘Trail of Tears,’ which became a constitutional crisis in our history. In this instance the lack of cooperation between the branches of the government was the downfall for the Cherokee nation.
The Trail of Tears “The Trail of Tears” was a despicable event in American history because of our government’s inhumane treatment of the Cherokee Nation. To the Cherokee Nation, the journey west, called by them “The Trail Where We Cried,” was a bitter pill forced upon them by a state and federal government that cared little for their culture or society, and even less about justice. To the white settlers, it meant expanding horizons, hope, dreams of riches, and a new life. It was indeed a horrible and tragic event of both our Georgia history and our American heritage that forced the Cherokee west along this route now known as "The Trail of Tears." Governmental action made “The Trail of Tears” despicable because of greed and partiality.