Henry Knox was gave the task to come up wit... ... middle of paper ... ...(Perdue 20). It gave them two years to prepare for removal. Many of the Cherokees, led by John Ross, protested this treaty. However, in the winter of 1838-1839, all of the Cherokees headed west toward Oklahoma. This removal of the Cherokees is now known, as the Trail of Tears was a very gruesome event.
Congress, President Jackson, and the people coexisting with the Indians began showing their true colors, their true thoughts, and their true feelings. They forced the Indians to leave on a deathly journey of starvation, sickness, and depression. Between June 1838 and March 1839, about 16,000 Cherokees left their eastern homes to go to new homes west of the Mississippi (Bowes, 68).
By 1837, 46,000 Native Americans from these Southeastern had been removed from their homelands thereby opening 25 million acres for predominantly white settlement. Many Native Americans suffered from exposure, diseases, and starvation on the route to their destinations. Many died including 2,000-6,000 of 16,542 relocated Cherokee Indians. During the fall and winter of 1838 and 1839, the Cherokee were forcibly moved west by the United States government. For the next 28 years United States government struggles to force relocation of the Southeastern nations.
It was from that time on, the Native Americans would be required to defend their homeland as their own. During the late nineteenth century, there were as many as one hundred thousand Native Americans moved westward. The Native Americans from five different tribes were removed when Andrew Jackson signed into law The Indian Removal Act of 1830. The Cherokee tribe was the most devastated by this law. This removal of the Cherokee people is considered one of the most horrific acts in our nation’s history.
During the 1820’s, as the eastern population grew, southern states urged the federal government to remove Indians from their lands. The government tried to appease the southern states by proposing treaties with the tribes. The Indians felt that the land was rightfully theirs, so they did not agree to these treaties. Since the Indians were not agreeing with the government, President Andrew Jackson approved and signed the Indian Removal Act of 1830. This act allowed the president exchange Indian lands for land west of the Mississippi River.
The most renowned of these removals was that of the Cherokees, referred to as the "Trail of Tears." Many Indians died when the United States army took the Cherokees to Oklahoma. It is only a shame that many had to give their lives for the greed of others. One must always keep in mind the pain many Indian families suffered as their lands were being taken away. While westward expansion was an accomplishment in the eyes of many, it was a loss for others.
These problems caused them to be driven from their homes then being put into internment camps, and then being forcefully moved to a strange land. The situation of the Cherokee got more complicated after the States Rights issue and a long fight between the federal government and Georgia. Such as, Georgia ceding its western lands were they wanted all titles of land that was heard by Indians to be extinguishing, but this did not happen because the Cherokees were certified by a treaty. When gold was found on Cherokee land the effort of removing them from their lands was increased. Then in 1830 the congress passed A Indian removal act that directed the Executive branch to make an agreement for Indian lands.
Georgia was the first state to develop a strong dislike for the Cherokee Indians. In 1802, Georgia began its campaign for Indian removal. The state was forced to give up some of its land including parts of Alabama and Mississippi and was given money to compensate for the land. The United States government promised to remove all Indians off the new boundaries as soon as it could be done peacefully and reasonably (Green and Perdue 71). The state of Georgia became frustrated as several years passed and the Indians still occupied land that belonged to the state.
This act forced Natives off their homelands and onto the lands west of the Mississippi River. They encountered a journey, called the Trail of Tears, where they traveled by foot to what would be their new homes, which transformed the lives of thousands of Native Americans. The President’s intentions were to move all Natives west of the Mississippi River to open up the land to American settlers. “The decision of the Jackson administration to remove the Cherokee Indians to lands west of the Mississippi River in the 1830’s was [less] a reformulation of the national policy that had been in effect since the 1790’s [and more] a change in that policy.” The validity of this generalization can be evidenced by the moral, political, constitutional and practical concerns that shaped national Indian policy between 1789 and the mid-1830’s. Andrew Jackson believed that the only way to save the Natives from extinction was to remove them from their current homes and push them across the Mississippi River.
U.S. officials began to urge them to abandon hunting and their traditional ways of life and to instead learn how to live, worship, and farm like an American yeomen. They even established a court system, formally abandoned the law of blood revenge, and adopted a republican government (Garrison, 2015). They flourished in and around the Smoky Mountains in Tennessee, Georgia and their bordering states. After influencing the Cherokees, the Georgia legislature prolonged the state 's authority over Cherokee territory, passed laws asserting to abolish the Cherokee government, and began the process of seizing the Cherokees’ land. Europeans refused to accept the Cherokee people as social equals.