In the world’s lens during the 1760s, the British empire had a clear and prominent control over the colonies. However, by the mid-1770s the Americans became enraged enough to declare war against the British for independence. Due to Britain’s massive imperial presence around the globe, the British civilians had a strong inclination for a successful outcome. Instead, the colonists pulled a surprising victory from what should have been a swift defeat. While the British had an abundance of advantages, they lost the Revolutionary War because the British army underestimated the colonists’ perseverance for freedom. At the beginning of the war, the preconceptions of each side show exactly why Britain was destined for failure. On the American team, …show more content…
At the start of the war, the Continental Army lacked training and organization. While the scattered guerilla tactics seemed to waste time and resources, they helped Americans stay alive. In addition, the colonists had the advantage of perseverance; they had to fight for their freedom as a nation. Another facet that helped survival was the leadership of George Washington. His knowledge and expertise was critical in making sure his soldiers stayed alive; having the home field advantage boosted his effectiveness as well. All of these assets culminated into a powerful force against the British …show more content…
This conclusion seemed to contradict every presumption about Great Britain’s imperial power. In all other conflicts, the British seemed to win decisively but the problem in the American Revolution lies with Britain underestimating the colonists. The British were blind to America’s symbolic presence as an end to an imperial structure. France and Spain aided the colonists in hopes of defeating the tyrannical empire. Britain underestimated George Washington and the Continental Army. Over time, the colonial militias trained in the European fashion and transformed into a challenging force. Ultimately, the most distinctive miscalculation of the British was the perseverance of the colonists and their fight for freedom. While Britain was fighting for control over yet another revenue source, America was fighting for independence and principle. The difference between the motivations was the predominant factor in deciding the
McCullough describes washington as a leader of many qualities in which makes him successful. After making the British evacuate from Boston, washington is praised for being such a courageous and smart leader, therefore lifting morale around American troops. The war most likely would not have been won without George Washington's help most likely due to his incredible leadership skills. The colonies are virtually nothing without George Washington because he keeps them together by asking congress to support them and as McCullough describes, is relentless about doing so as we're Knox and Greene later on. George Washington was so important that even the loyalists plotted to assassinate him with hopes to derail the American rebellion. However, the colonies success wasn't just off George washington. Mccullough describes the average british soldier as strong and more fit compared to the colonial soldier, superior and overall well trained.The fact that the colonies were untrained made the British cocky, Making them think they didn't have to use their superior weaponry thinking the Americans would surrender out of free will. McCullough gives us an insight to how the Americans tried new things using their resources making great things with what little they
In the second half of the eighteenth century, the British were faced with rebelling colonies. Finally realizing that they had to fight to keep their colonial possessions, the British sent troops to America. Once the battles began in America, the British were not impressed with the colonial military, but the weak militias soon proved to be effective. With foreign aid from France, American devotion, and the lack of British vigor, the Americans soon discovered the open doors of independence. In my opinion, the American advantages and the British disadvantages proved to be the downfall of the English in the American Revolution.
Some say that the Revolution was destined to happen ever since Settlers set foot on this continent, others argue that it would not have happened if it weren't for a set of issues that finally drove the colonists to revolt. Ultimately, Britain lost control in 1765 when they gave in to the Stamp Act Congress’s boycotts against parliamentary taxation and gave them the idea that they had the power to run a country. To a lesser degree, Salutary Neglect led to the conception of a legacy of colonial religious and political ideals which set in motion an eminent conflict. During this period, England “forgot” about the colonies and gave them colonists a taste of independence and suspicions of individual political theories. Through Parliament's ruthless taxation without representation and a near opposite religious and political mindset, Britain and the colonists were heaved into a revolutionary war.
In the 1770’s the British army was well known for its monetary wealth and professional well trained militia. American colonists were slowly getting more and more fed up with the inequality and taxation under British rule so they took a stand. Americans known as Rebels or Patriots fought in the Revolutionary War to gain independence from Britain. Some colonists also known as loyalists, thought that the Patriots had no chance against the professional militia so they stayed loyal to the crown. Although improbable at the start of the American Revolution, the colonists were able to defeat the British army and formally gain independence because they had great leadership from George Washington, similar goals that created high morale, and aided from
The Revolutionary War was one of America’s earliest battles and one of many. Although, many came to America to gain independence from Great Britain many still had loyalty for the King and their laws. Others believed that America needs to be separated from Great Britain and control their own fate and government. I will analyze the arguments of Thomas Paine and James Chalmers. Should America be sustained by Great Britain or find their own passage?
The American people turned to Republicanism because they believed in a political system run by the people, not by a supreme authority. It became clearer to them over the course of the American Revolution, and even before, that they had wanted equality and the liberty to run their own governemt. King George III parliament had imposed policies to weaken colonial power and assert authority, raised their taxes, and required them to house the British soldiers that enforced such policies.
Most of Europe thought that the British with their immense amount of capital, soldiers and supplies would beat the American resistance in the American revolutionary war without much of an effort. However the Patriots realized, from their earliest difficulties, to capitalize on the enemy’s weaknesses. Guerrilla warfare and a strategy th...
"The distinctions between Virginians, Pennsylvanians, New Yorkers, and New Englanders are no more. I am not a Virginian, but an American,” said Patrick Henry. Americans put aside all of their differences and they worked together to fight for their freedom and independence. They were poor, young, landless, unorganized, and unskilled. They were American soldiers fighting against a world superpower. The British army consisted of 50,000 soldiers combined with 30,000 Hessian soldiers. In contrast, George Washington never had more than 20,000 soldiers fighting all at once. Almost all of the advantages went to the British. American victory seemed impossible and the British were so confident that they were going to defeat the Americans in the first
The army lacked supplies, men was feeling hopeless, and many deserted the army after the completion of their short term enlistment. However, the brilliant leader, General George Washington in one more attempt for independence sent soldiers out to battle, these soldier surprise nine hundred sleeping Hessian mercenaries (128). The Americans would have the successful of surprising another group of British soldier “forcing the British to combine troops. The American would on losing several more battles after the few success gain “more loses than wins. Just when hope was of the essence, the battle at Germantown, the American troops stopped fighting outside of Philadelphia, where the life of twenty-five hundred American taken by camp disease. Congress and the American people grew discouraged with George Washington. Lest to their knowledge, George Washington risks his own life while leading troops into battle. The American would once again regain victory, the Americans defeated the British at Saratoga. The win at Saratoga brought on another British leader; General Henry Clinton replaced General Howe (130). The war would become bitter one for the British leader, General Henry Clinton grew concerned of his efforts to obtain
Not everything is goes according to plan especially when one is fighting for a greater good. The same happened to Washington’s troops while they were planning to march to Long Island and the British troops attacked from behind with a greater force called from Britain. The war started to tilt towards the British regime. The Britishers saw the Continental army as rebels and not the prisoners of war. The Continental army was starting falling apart. With a cold and bloody winter ahead, the Continental army and the Congress both were in bad shape.
By having allied forces, not panicking, and fighting in their homeland they were given an advantage over Britain's vast and powerful army. Before the fighting, to help defeat the British financially, and non-violently, the Americans used boycotting to take what Britain wanted most from the colonies, money. Finally, the fact that the Americans had motivation to win, a trait that the British were not particularly strong in. The war was worth fighting to gain independence from Britain despite the costs because the very idea of freedom motivated the colonists, and in their eyes, Britain had wronged them way too many times. Americans decided that it was time to end the British rule and parliament because they thought they were getting too controlling, and the parliament was creating new laws that were only for the benefit of Britain without asking the colonists whether or not they could pass a new law. These several factors infuriated and motivated the colonies to independence, they felt they were being wronged and felt that they needed a separation. This history is important to remember for Americans because it is an example of great leadership, perseverance, and courage. America needs to know this now to understand why and how it became a country, and how our life values and morals as a country came to be. Overall, the American Revolution was a major turning point for Americans in history, and it is very important that we are taught about it to this
The United States would not be what it is today, without the struggle the Thirteen Colonies went through to win independence from Great Britain. The American Revolution allowed the colonies of North America to become the United States. These emigrants left Great Britain in a quest to seek a fresh start in the New World. When people saw how different their lives would be elsewhere, they risked everything they had for a chance at these new opportunities. This long, hard fight they went through was well worth it, because in 1776 Americans were able to declare themselves independent.
The American Revolution: the war for our independence. This revolution opened the door to our liberty, freedom, and basically what America is now. Most Americans have heard the stories of famous battles, important people (George Washington for instance), and everything in between. However, this was only for our side of the American Revolution and a small fraction of people have been told of Britain’s campaign of the revolution. The only thing people have been told was the Britain lost the war. What of Britain’s triumphs, strategies, and everything that happened in the span of a few years? Not many people know it, but the British struck a major blow against the Patriots in the last few years of the war. Even though the United States won the American Revolution, Britain struck a major blow against the colonists when the British successfully and brutally took the town of Charleston, South Carolina.
In the Revolutionary War, America rose up to fight against an army that was exceedingly larger, superior, and more orderly than our army was. While the Continental Army had many disadvantages, they surprisingly had several advantages too. These advantages ultimately triumphed over the strong points of the British.
However, Britain did have several disadvantages since they were the invading army, there was poor communication regarding supplies and between military leaders as well as a lack of familiarity of American territory. The British also outnumbered the American soldiers. The Americans had many disadvantages, and defeating the British seemed impossible. Americans were constantly experiencing shortages of supplies. Additionally, Americans had very few ships and did not have well experienced soldiers of military leaders. However, Americans were passionate and driven by their cause. Additionally, militias used methods of fighting such as surprise attacks or camouflage. The American soldiers were also familiar with their territory. Overall, Americans had many disadvantages, but with the leadership of Washington, they were able to push out the British and achieve