The first major cause of the American Revolution was the French and Indian War, a long and brutal crusade that expelled the French from all of their American territory. The most negative outcome of this war was the arrears factor: once Britain came out victorious, they realized that they were deeply in debt, and thus they commanded the colonists to indirectly pay them for what they had lost. For example, unnecessary taxes were levied almost immediately without the colonists’ assent. As mentioned in Theodore Draper’s notions about the American Revolution, the colonists did not agree with this, but to prevent unnecessary violence, their only option was to comply, as the colonies were proud to be British. However, the colonies were still outraged and could not stand being taxed for things that had previously been free of charge, so they organized a sanction of British goods, only to fail after a short period of time.
The irregular and disorganized British rule of the American colonies in the previous years led to the outbreak of the Revolutionary War. Most Americans did not originally want to separate from mother England. They wanted to stay loyal to the crown. England’s unwillingness to compromise, mismanagement of the colonies, heavy taxation of the colonists that violated their rights, the distractions of foreign affairs and politics in England and the strict trading policies that England tried to enforce together made the revolution inevitable. The British were definitely expected to win the dispute because they significantly over powered the Colonists in most areas.
The beginning of the Revolutionary war was dominated by the British offensive that secured victories in Lexington and Concord, Bunker Hill, and Long Island, causing a sense of urgency and a need for nationalism among Colonials. Throughout the colonies Tories or Loyalists chose to remain loyal to Britain while Patriots chose to revolt against “taxation without representation,” and more generally the overpowered British government. Connecticut, a provisional powerhouse that supplied much of the continental cause with supplies such as clothes and foodstuffs, proved to be predominately Anti-Tory as it passed laws that prevented Tories from holding any sort of public office. Consequently, the British circumnavigated colony, as they could not rely on local loyalist support for aid; however, the Danbury Raid in which William Tryon, the Royal Governor of New York, raided the stockpile of Patriot provisions and burnt down the city of Danbury, stands as a stark historical exception. The 1777 Tryon Raid, although certainly a short-term military victory for England, had negative ramifications for the greater British war effort.
England won the war, but it paid a great price for that victory. England was bankrupted, and as a result had no choice but to look to her colonies to regain financial stability. The pressures of taxation and naval restrictions imposed by the crown and Parliament, were viewed by the colonists as tyrannical acts. Although the colonies were on a path to becoming "Americanized" they held the lessons of Magna Carta, the Glorious Revolution of 1688-89 close to their heart. In their eyes, "Englishmen had rights" under the laws of the mother country.
(Worcester Polytechnic Institute, 2006) The major factors that led to the British downfall during the Battle of Saratoga were their lack of intelligence collection assets, American versus European tactics, harsh terrain, poor logistic, and American resolve. The American Revolution erupted in 1775. The American Revolution erupted in 1775. It seemed clear the British would win due to their larger army, and unrivaled Royal Navy. Many of the British were hardened veterans who fought in the French and Indian War.
Evaluate the relative importance of three of the following as factors prompting Americans to rebel in 1776. Parliamentary Taxation Restrictions of Civil Liberty British military measures The legacy of colonial religious and political ideas The mistake that King George and the rest of Britain made was thinking that they could forever keep the colonies under their thumb. These were not the same colonists who came over as British citizens to set up forts. These men and women thought of themselves and American citizens and they did not need a government across the ocean telling them what to do. Ultimately, Britain lost control when they gave in to the colonists' boycotts and showed them that they had the power to run a country, and that Britain feared that power.
Looking at the statistics, weighing the disadvantages of the colonies and advantages the British had, the defeat appeared virtually impossible. The British army had years’ worth of triumphs, over countries much more powerful. And yet, somehow, when the Revolutionary war erupted in 1775 the American colonies defeated the superpower
France desperately needed various goods that could be imported from the United States and they were willing to pay where America's economy could have benefited tremendously. Though the fact of the matter is Britain's enormous, notorious navy would not allow the exporting of America's goods. The desire for Canadian colonies to join the United States, and the accusations of the British supplying Indians with weapons to be used against the U.S. are also causes of the War of 1812. The battles of this war were primarily fought on US soil. The British military was surprised by the United States military.
Despite the Seven Years' War, Britain still retained a full dominance over the American colonies. However, they now saw the colonies as fodder to feed the raging debts of Britain. The crown's desire for money to pay the debts was viewed by Britain as reasonable, while it fueled the fire known as revolution that was stirring up in the hearts of the colonists. This would create a new sense of American political identity and would eventually lead to the American Revolution. Eventually, Britain would soon come to regret marking the spirited colonists as inferior.
It seemed that Britain’s army was incredibly intimidating, but as Britain soon found out, this war was so much more than a number game. When Britain entered the war, one of their biggest problems was uneven support for the war. There were many American sympathizers in British Parliament. These sympathizers saw the revolt in the colonies as a plausible and reasonable reaction. The fact that parliament as a whole was not in complete favor of the onc... ... middle of paper ... ...ary War, it is a miracle they came out victorious.