The Nile River Valley : An Egyptian Ancient Civilization

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The Nile River Valley was an Egyptian ancient civilization. It began when the Nile River attracted Stone Age farmers. Soon, more farmers, traders and nomads were inhabiting the land and it became a civilization. The river became very populated and people were able to colonize into Egypt and surrounding territories. The Nile River had lots of floods. This brought new, richer soil to the farmers so they learned to adapt. The floods were also good because Egypt was mostly a barren desert, except for the Nile River. The deserts did protect from invaders but there was also limited living space. Because of this, people crowded around the Nile, which was one of the many difficulties that this civilization had to face. Originally, Ancient Egypt was much divided. It had two separated regions, Upper and Lower Egypt. Upper Egypt started at the first cataract and ended near the Mediterranean. Lower Egypt covered the delta region of the Nile and emptied into the Mediterranean. Around 3100 B.C., the king of Upper Egypt, Menes, successfully united the two regions. The Nile was used as a transportation highway and also as a trade route. This served a significant amount in unifying the two regions. Therefore, the Nile River helped create Egypt’s first unified state. The Egyptian religion was quite complex. They were polytheistic, like most civilizations at the time. This means that they believed in many gods and goddesses rather than just one. They also believed in an afterlife and they thought that a test had to be taken and passed in order to determine what style of afterlife someone is going to have for eternity. This is one of the reasons why more prominent people were buried with more valuable things. Egypt also had its own class syste... ... middle of paper ... ...s where loyal princes and nobles governed the land. The king’s probably only governed a small portion of the land. Both civilizations shared common religious beliefs and practices. They were both polytheistic and had a god or goddess they prayed too for every situation. They also believed that their king, or leader, was a god. The Chinese practiced ancestor worship and wrote questions to the gods on oracle bones. Also, the Chinese did not believe in an afterlife. On the contrary, the Egyptians believed in an afterlife and buried their dead with valuable possessions they believed the deceased would need in said afterlife. These two civilizations are very alike, yet have their unique dissimilarities. The Nile River Valley Civilization was around longer than the Shang-Zhou but both were very successful and left a strong legacy that people still study and follow today.

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