Symptoms and Treatment of Breast Cancer Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women and has the highest fatality rate of all cancers affecting this sex. It is the leading cause of death among women aged 35-54. In 1999 an estimated 175,000 women were diagnosed with breast cancer. That is one woman every three minutes. At the same time 43,000 will die, at the rate of one every two minutes.
The first one is BRCA1 (a flaw in this gene is common to those who have breast cancer) and the second is BRCA2 (a defect in this gene is associated with breast cancer alone). People who have a mutated BRCA1 gene have an eighty-six percent risk of developing breast cancer by the age of seventy. Women are one hundred times more likely to get breast cancer than men. More than eighty percent of breast cancer occur in women over the age of fifty. At the age of forty her odds are one in two hundred and seventeen (217), and in women younger than thirty they account for only one and a half percent of all breast cancer cases.
Not all cases, but most women who get breast cancer are over the age of 50. According to the National Cancer Institute 232,340 female breast cancers and 2,240 male breast cancers are reported in the U.S every year and about 39,620 deaths caused by this cancer each year. Women are encouraged to get mammograms starting at an early age. Mammograms are yearly check up of your breasts that are done to make sure you don’t have breast cancer. A mammography is an X-ray testing of the breast that can detect breast cancer at an early stage.
For example smallpox was eradicated and children no longer have to be vaccinated for it, if people get their children vaccinated there is more of a chance that anothor disease will be eradicated. Many parents do not get there children vaccinated for fear of autism. Autism shows in a child about the same time vaccination Accor. Kids with autism have a weaker or more sensitive immune system than normal. (Edwards 1).
Breast Cancer Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. There are many different types of cancer that are affecting people all over. Breast Cancer is one of these, and is found in man and women. Over 200,000 women and 1,300 men have been diagnosed with breast cancer this year. One in eight women will detect breast cancer in their lifetime.
In the United States in 1999 alone, an estimated 43,700 people will die from breast cancer. It is the number two cancer killer among females ages 15 to 54. On average if a woman gets this disease, their life expectancy drops drastically. This cancer is within the top three cancers of all women above the age of 15, and comprises a great amount of all health care costs in the U.S. totaling an astounding 37 billion dollars a year in direct medical costs. An average woman is said to have a one in nine chance of getting the cancer, but if that person had family history of the disease, his or her chances have been measured up to a one in six chance.
2.3 Previous studies: 2.3.1 Breast cancer: Malignant tumor that starts from breast cells is called breast cancer. Malignant tumor is Collection of cancer cells that can attack the tissues areas of the body or a breast. This disease occurs mostly in women’s but rarely develops in males (american cancer society, 2014). Breast cancer is the one of the most common cancer in women worldwide and Breast self-examination is useful tool to determine the breast cancer of women in all ages. (taylor, 2013).
Breast Cancer Among Women Breast cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the tissue of the breast and spread to the surrounding area of the breast. This cancer most normally begins from the inner lobules of the breast, which are called the ducts and is better known as the part of the breast that makes milk. After a woman develops cancer, she is tested to determine what type of cancer she has and which treatment is best for her. Some treatments for cancer are surgery, hormonal therapy, immunotherapy and radiation. In the present day, surgery is nevertheless the best choice when dealing with breast cancer.
For male, it’s 430 deaths out of 2,360 new cases. From these numbers, we can see that women in the U.S. are greatly affected by breast cancer, thus, it’s not difficult to imagine the impact on a worldwide level. Although these numbers look frightening, people can actually survive from breast cancer if it is detected early and treated properly, so it is extremely important for all of us, especially women, to have a better understanding of breast cancer. Causes Usually, normal cells die when they are old or damaged, newly grow cells will replace them. However, if something goes wrong, there may be too many new cells when the body only needs a few of them, and the body can’t get rid of old cells, it builds up a mass of tissue called tumor.
Depending on where in the glandular or ductal unit of the breast cancer arises, it will develop certain characteristics that are used to sub-classify breast cancer into types. The pathologist will denote the subtype at the time of evaluation with the microscope. Ductal carcinoma begins in the ducts, and lobular carcinoma has a pattern involving the lobules or glands (“Breast Cancer-Encyclopedia”). The more important classification is related to the evaluated tumor’s capability to invade, as this characteristic defines the disease as a true cancer. The stage before invasive cancer is called in Situ, meaning that the early malignancy has not yet become capable of invasion.