Principles in the Cuban Missile Crisis were the ideas/thoughts that occurred without going into action like when the United States said they would have peace talks with the Soviet Union but instead waited until the Soviets offered them a plan. Practices in the Cuban Missile Crisis were that ideas that went into action like their plan to quarantine Cuba from the Soviet Union. During this crisis, it was clear that the United States had a lot more principles than practices. Cuba was recovering from the Bay of Pigs invasion. They held off the American forces and were able to avoid the invasion.
It also showed how fragile diplomacy can be when addressing the issue of preventing global annihilation. This conflict was not simply between the United States and Soviet Union. As written in Decolonizing the Cuban Missile Crisis, Mark Laffey and Jutta Weldes document the Cuban perspective on the situation that they argue is often overlooked. In addition, Castro’s role is also overlooked. In One Minute to Midnight, Michael Dobbs examines Castro’s influence on the crisis and how he helped to hold the world hostage.
Another very important reason that there was the Cuban Missile Crisis was that America had kept General Batista in power for too long in Cuba. The relationship between America and this leader was strong because of the anti-communist links. However he was very much disliked by the public of Cuba and this meant he had no support from his people, which weakened his position. This was recognised by Fidel Castro who, in 1959, led a revolt and overthrew General Batista. America had no chance to prevent this event and so Fidel Castro remained in power.
While the argument went on about the possible sanction the missiles were already in Cuba and they realized that a blockade would not solve the problem. Moreover, if U.S demanded the removal of missile from Cuba the soviets would demand the removal of missile around Europe near the Soviet Union. This was a time when Kennedy really showed what he was made of and never wanted to take rash decision that may have tempered the world into nuclear devastation. Meanwhile the missiles were directed at certain American cities and if fired, it would kill almost eighty million Americans. However, Kennedy was skeptical on possible alternatives because he feared that Soviets would do harm on West Berlin and this made Kennedy think twice.
The Cuban Missile Crisis: JFK’s Second Shot at Cuba Although some historians have blamed Soviet aggression as the root cause of the Cuban Missile Crisis, they have neglected to account for the disruption in U.S.-Cuba relations caused by the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion which President John F. Kennedy had directed. The failure of the Bay of Pigs can be attributed to Kennedy’s overconfidence in the military even though the CIA knew American forces would be devastatingly outnumbered. So when Kennedy had received news of the Soviet missiles build up in Cuba during the October of 1962, the crisis was just a continuation of unresolved conflict. Fearing a nuclear war, the Kennedy Administration cautiously deliberated about possible approaches. The U.S. considered an air strike, an invasion, or a naval quarantine as an appropriate response to this crisis.
First, the United States had missiles in Turkey, and to counter this the Soviet Union desired some missiles close to the United States. What better place than Cuba was there? Cuba being only ninety miles South of the United States allowed for intermediate-range missiles aimed at the United States. Another reason for the near end of the world was because the lack of communication between the two superpowers. Both countries just made moves and did controversial things without consulting the other country.
The Soviets were building missiles in Cuba and the United States was trying very hard to diffuse the situation. The plans that President John F, Kennedy set in motion in order to prevent this nuclear war showed us what kind of president he was. It is through these plans that we can see just what ideas play an important part in decision
The Cuban Missile Crisis not only worried the U.S. but also worried the rest of the world as to how it would turn out. The Soviet's backed Cuba as an ally and fed them missiles and the supplies to build the missile silos in Cuba. The Soviet's said they did this as a counter measure incase we did in fact invade Cuba. Between these two major conflicts of the time, it can be said that the two countries were not battling over Cuba in itself, but more or less battling over the belief of Communism.
The Soviet Union came to realize that they were extremely outmatched in the area of nuclear weapons and the decision by Nikita Khrushchev to place missiles in Cuba was made. It was not until a U-2 spy plane, piloted by Richard Heyser, captured pictures of possible missile sites in Cuba, that the United States became aware of the present danger. The Soviets did, however, deny the accusations made the by the United States regarding the missiles in Cuba. The events during the thirteen days that followed became known as the Cuban Missile Crisis; a nuclear standstill between the Soviet Union and the United States. The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the United States has ever come to participating in nuclear war, and the trepidation experienced by Americans spanning those thirteen days was unmatched throughout history.
The USSR wanted to stay on track with the USA in every military, economic, and social aspect. The aspect of fear was present in the Cold War due to the constant competition between the USA and USSR. Therefore, when the Americans placed missiles in Turkey and aimed them at the USSR, the USSR wanted to have missiles aimed at the USA. The USSR wanted to place missiles in Cuba, and this led to the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. During the thirteen-day event the world stood by in fear and waited for something to happen.