After only being president for a couple of days, Kennedy was informed about Eisenhower’s secret plan for the CIA to train Cuban exiles for the invasion and overthrow of Castro. Kennedy was skeptical of the plan but still approved it. On April 18, 1961, the attempted invasion took place on the south cast of Cuba and as Kennedy expected the invasion failed horribly. The CIA underestimated the amount of troops and the extent of weaponry in Cuba. Kennedy accepted the responsibility for the loss still disappointed stating The United Stated “ look like fools to our friends, rascals to our enemies and incompetents to the rest”.
It was Khrushchev who sent the two letters to Kennedy. Khrushchev managed to stop a US invasion of Cuba and at the same time agree on NATO missiles being removed from Turkey and Italy. However Kennedy succeeded in making it look like he had won the battle. Kennedy used Khrushchev's 'Quid Pro Quo' to make it look like Khrushchev had backed down to the might of America, 'I think the other man just blinked,' after all Kennedy knew that he had to win this battle. To add to Kennedy's case Khrushchev was removed from office in 1964 due to what the Polit Bureau saw inadequate handling of the crisis.
On February 16, 1959, Fidel Castro and his guerrilla warriors overthrew the old government led by Fulgencio Batista. Then Fidel Castro became the prime minister of Cuba. Castro and his men made a rapid move to change their political course. They became friends with the Soviet Union. These events upset the United States and there were concerns about Castro becoming too powerful.
It was bad for landowners, especially foreign ones, because they lost land. In addition to that, the prices were controlled. The United States began to worry about these laws because they seemed communist in nature, and began placing economic sanctions on Cuba, pushing Cuba closer to the Soviet Union. 6. The First Declaration of Havana was a speech given by Castro in September of 1960, to express his wish to cut ties with the United States, and instead become closer to the Soviet Union.
The Cuban Missile Crisis not only worried the U.S. but also worried the rest of the world as to how it would turn out. The Soviet's backed Cuba as an ally and fed them missiles and the supplies to build the missile silos in Cuba. The Soviet's said they did this as a counter measure incase we did in fact invade Cuba. Between these two major conflicts of the time, it can be said that the two countries were not battling over Cuba in itself, but more or less battling over the belief of Communism.
In 1959 Fidel Castro came into power in Cuba. This scared the United States because Cuba is right next to Florida. In 1960 Cuba made a trade agreement with Russia, which scared the United States a lot more because they stopped trading with them. In 1961 the CIA helped an anti-Castro exiles to invade Cuba. It didn't work as planned and looked terrible on President Kennedy part as president.
Cuba The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of negligence, overconfidence, as well as lack of security. The responsibility for the failure of the operation falls straightforwardly in the lap of the Central Intelligence Agency and a young president and his advisors. The fall out from the invasion reasoned an increase in tension between the two great superpowers and paradoxically 34 years later than the event, the person that the invasion intended to overthrow, Fidel Castro, is still in power. The Bay of Pigs invasion was an effort by American-backed Cuban exiles to cause the downfall of the Communist government of Fidel Castro. The plan for the invasion had in fact been Richard Nixon's, however President Eisenhower and the CIA took it from there, forming it into a plan, titled "A Program of Covert Action Against the Castro Regime".
Being rejected by the Americans, he met with foreign minister Anasta Mikoyan to secure a $100 million loan from the Soviet Union. It was then that the American Intelligence and Foreign Relations communities decided that Castro was leaning towards communism and had to be dealt with. In the spring of 1960, President Eisenhower approved a plan to send small groups of American trained, Cuban exiles, to work underground as guerrillas to overthrow Castro. By the fall, the plan was changed to a full invasion with air support by exile Cubans in American supplied planes. The group was to be trained in Panama, but with the growth of the operation and the quickening pace of events in Cuba, it was decided to move things to a base in Guatemala.
In 1961 the U.S. planned in invasion on Cuba, which was heavily influenced by communist dictator Fidel Castro, in hopes to stir an uprising against the dictator and to gain support for democracy. However, due to excessive media coverage of the "covert" plan, Castro was ready and responded quickly with a 20,000 man army, defeating the U.S. and forcing President John F. Kennedy (JFK) to withdraw American forces. The biggest setback of the invasion was the lack of support from the Cuban citizens. The U.S. had hoped, and quite frankly counted on, the uttermost support of Cuban rebels. When they did receive this support, their clumsy forces began to crumble as Cuban forces began to counterattack and push American forces back.
The Soviet Union’s fear of losing the race in the weapons department and Cuba’s fear of an invasion by the United States sparked those thirteen stress filled days. In 1960 the United States imposed an embargo that cut off trade between the United States and Cuba because it was afraid that Castro would establish a Communist regime. Castro was determined not to give in to the pressure that was put on by the United States and decided to establish closer relations with the Soviet Union. An attempt was made by the United States to disintegrate Castro’s rule with the Bay of Pigs Invasion. The United States was easily defeated by Castro’s army.