The Importance Of Health Education

990 Words4 Pages
The main goal of health promotion is to enable population and individuals increase control over their health by making a healthy decision. Health education being one of the five action strategies in health promotion has been an essential component in promoting health and preventing diseases. World Health Organization (WHO) simply defined health education as the combination of planned learning experiences designed to help individuals and communities improve their health, by increasing their knowledge or influencing their attitudes towards certain health behaviors (WHO, 2014). Health education focuses on social and behavioral decisions thus; it involves teaching population and individuals on how to develop certain skills such as personal and social skills which are required to make positive behavioral choices (Nutbeam, 2000). The delivery of health education is simply achieved through peer to peer education, lectures, handouts or brochures, posters, guest speakers, project- base (getting individuals and the communities involved), drama etc. (Narushima, 2014). In order to understand the determinants and mechanism of behavioral change, several theories had been developed by social psychologists, and theses theories are mostly used by health educators. Health Belief Model, Theory of Planned Behavior/ Reasoned Action, Stages of change Model, and Social Cognitive Theory are the main theories used in behavior modification (Narushima, 2014). Health Belief model is a commonly known theory that helps explain and enhance health related behaviors in population and individuals (Naidoo & Wills, 2000). Health Belief Model contends that, in order for behavior modification to occur, individuals must have an incentive to change, feel threatened ... ... middle of paper ... ..., nutrition plays vital component of children’s growth and development, most especially important for children receiving cancer treatment. As a result, HACS should also incorporate nutrition programs in their organization whereby parents and care givers will be trained about their child's nutritional needs and how cancer and its treatment may affect them. In conclusion, keeping up with schoolwork during cancer treatments seems impossible for these children. Therefore, HACS should recruit more volunteers and organize a tutoring program whereby children at McMaster children’s hospital will be able to come together and learn as their other colleagues in the society which in turn will keep them up to date with school work. This is a form reassurance that there is a future for a child diagnosed with cancer which will definitely increase their level of social cohesion.
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