Health Belief Model: Condoms and Sexual Risk

explanatory Essay
1459 words
1459 words

Sexual Risk Teen Pregnancy Prevention (Condom) Section 1- Health Belief Model The health belief model (HBM) is a psychosocial model that was developed during the 1950’s by social psychologists of the U.S public health services, and this model was used to explain why people failed to participate in disease prevention and detection programs. The theory is one of the most health behavior theories, which is used to explain behavior change and maintenances, but often times used to predict behavior outcome (Glanze, Rimer, & Lewis, 2002). The key concept of the health belief model includes threat perception (perceived threat), behavioral evaluation, self-efficacy and other variables. The threat perception has very great relevance in health-related behaviors. This perception are measured by perceived susceptibility (the beliefs about the likelihood of contacting a disease) and perceived severity (the feeling about the seriousness of contacting an illness and leaving it untreated). The behavioral evaluation is assessed by the levels of perceived benefits (the positive effects to be expected), perceived barriers (potential negative aspects of a health behavior), and cues to action (the strategies to activated one’s readiness). The self-efficacy key concept was not originally included in of the health belief model, and it was just added in 1998 to look at a person’s belief in his/her ability to take action in order to make a health related change. The other variables that are also the key concepts of the model include diverse demography, sociopsychology, education, and structure. These factors are variable from one to another and indirectly influence an individual’s health-related behavior because the factors influence the perception... ... middle of paper ... ...s effected by the three parameters, so in this case the health motivation is very high. Therefore, teens are very like to change to use condoms to prevent pregnancy. References Glanz, K., Rimer, B.K., Lewis, F.M. (2002). Health behavior and health education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Janz, N. K., & Becker, M. H. (1984). The health belief model: A decade later. Health Education & Behavior, 11(1), 1-47. United States Census Bureau, 2014. State & country quickfasts. Retrieved from on February 25, 2014.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the health belief model (hbm) is a psychosocial model that was developed during the 1950’s by social psychologists of the u.s. public health services.
  • Explains that the key concept of the health belief model includes threat perception, behavioral evaluation, self-efficacy, and other variables.
  • Explains the weaknesses of the hbme, including the fact that the health belief model only accounts for individual differences in beliefs and attitudes to predict health-related behaviors.
  • Explains the best uses of the health belief model, which identifies constructs that lead to behaviors outcomes. the hbm is best used in influenza inoculations, seatbelt usage, exercise, nutrition, tay-sachs carrier status screening, high blood pressure
  • Explains that the sample for this portfolio is about sexual risk teen pregnancy prevention by condoms. it will be made up of teens aged from 13 to 18 both males and females, with the lowest age being 13 years old.
  • Explains that a four-point likert scale was used for the study, with values from 1 to 4.
  • Opines that if one does not use a condom, they will be likely to become pregnant.
  • Explains that condoms reduce pleasure during intercourse, show that they do not trust their partners, and can prevent pregnancy.
  • Explains that condoms can prevent sexually transmitted infections, relieve premature ejaculation, and can be bought easily.
  • Describes the self-efficacy of using condoms to prevent pregnancy.
  • Describes the benefits of good health, such as work productivity and study ability. teens were likely to use condoms when they had sex because the overall health motivation was high.
  • Analyzes how the perception of threat of an individual depends on the perceived susceptibility and perceived severity. teens believe that they are very likely to become pregnant if they do not use any condom during intercourse.
  • Explains that the behavioral evaluation determined by perceived benefits and perceived barrier was also very high in case. the health evaluation was vey high, so it could increase the health motivation.
  • Explains that the effective cures to action and the high self-efficacy in this case can increase the health-motivation.
  • Explains that the threat perception, behavior evaluation, and self-efficacy are high, indicating that teens believe that they are very likely to become pregnant if they do not use any condom during sexual intercourse.
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