The Importance Of Agriculture In India

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India has always been a land famous for its agriculture. The climatic conditions in India vary widely throughout its area. From the hilly regions of the Himalayas to the vast plains of the Ganges, from the deserts of Rajasthan to the coastal areas of southern India, our country has it all. Moreover India has a population of around 1.7 billion people. No wonder agriculture has always been one of the main sectors of our economy.
Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output. Agriculture and allied sectors like forestry and fisheries accounted for 13.7% of the GDP in 2013, about 50% of the total workforce. As Per the 2010 FAO world agriculture statistics, India is the world's largest producer of many fresh fruits and vegetables, milk, major spices, select fresh meats, select fibrous crops such as jute, several staples such as millets and castor oil seed. India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice, the world's major food staples. India is also the world's second or third largest producer of several dry fruits, agriculture-based textile raw materials, roots and tuber crops, pulses, farmed fish, eggs, coconut, sugarcane and numerous vegetables. India ranked within the world's five largest producers of over 80% of agricultural produce
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The majority of the population directly depend on agriculture for their income. Hence the harvest season is one of the most awaited seasons for Indians. This can be seen from the amount of festivals which are celebrated throughout India during this season. A harvest festival is a celebration which occurs around the time of the main harvest of a given region. Due to the various differences in the crops grown and the different climates in different parts of our country, harvest festivals can be found at different times throughout India. Some of the harvest festivals celebrated in India are Holi, Onam, Pongal, sankranthi/makar sankranthi, gudhi padva, vasant panchami,
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