With travel options constantly changing, consumers are forced to make some pretty tough decisions when it come to choosing the best airline to fly, hotel to stay at, and restaurant to eat at. Price is a big factor for most and many dollar conscious travelers are out looking to get the best bang for their buck. Others are looking for the best rated and often turn to online peer reviews when it comes to making their purchase decisions.
Amenities, location, packages, rates, special offers - just a few of the many factors that are considered when choosing the functions of a hotel. I was very curious to see how different types of hotels differ in what they offer, how they offer it, and where they offer it. These services are extremely significant because they are what define a hotel. They define what type of guests they are targeting, what type of hotel they want to be perceived as, and what level of service they want to deliver to their guests. The impression of the hotel left on the guest is essential for the success of the hotel. The idea of adding amenities to keep up with competition or getting creative with services offered is not new. The Journal of Retail & Leisure Property mentioned that starting in the 1970’s, “hotels and resorts tried to gain market share from their competitors by increasing amenities in the guest rooms.” The services and amenities have always been a factor when deciding what approach to take when trying to find the most success. By comparing an average 2-3 star hotel with a 5-star hotel, I was able to gain a better understanding of the different services offered in hotels and the different expectations that certain guests have in their stay.
For the introduction, brief information regarding my purchase and the travel and tourism industry is presented. It was then followed by the explanation of the 2 chosen theories from two different chapters.
The hospitality industry in the United States is large, complex and intensely competitive. Within this industry is a segment comprised of hotels and motels, which will be the relevant sector for this marketing plan. To note, the hotel and motel industry in the United States had an estimated value of $137.5 billion as of the end of 2012 (MarketLine, 2012). The industry is forecasted to experience a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.5% from 2011 to 2016, to attain a value of $179.5 billion (MarketLine, 2012). In this industry, the most lucrative segment is leisure which has a market share of 71.1% (MarketLine, 2012). Sunshine Inn (fictional) is a small independent hotel that operates within the leisure segment of the hotel and motel industry in the United States. It is an adventure-themed hotel situated along the California-Nevada border in order to capture the tourist market for Lake Tahoe. Sunshine Inn has 30 bedrooms and 15 suites and offers specialty home-cooked type meals to guests for breakfast, lunch and dinner. It must be emphasized that the hotel and motel industry is one of the most fiercely competitive in the United States, and in fact, in the world (Johanson & Cho, 2009; Kosarkoska, 2010). Therefore, in order to compete with large hotel chains with five-star hotel rankings, Sunshine Inn will have to depend on strategic approaches, such as effectively targeting and positioning itself in the appropriate market, as well as developing a marketing plan that will promote the unique value propositions that only small, personalized hotels can provide: excellent customer service, customized adventure packages as well as a total customer experience that revolves around enjoyment, fun and discovery. As this marketing plan wi...
In the sector of management, the popularity of travel distribution over the Internet has provided hoteliers the opportunity to review consumer-generated content across the industry, because these reviews and ratings provide a powerful tool and a wealth of data to hotel management. Also, it is important for hoteliers to take consumers’ negative comments seriously in order to provide a service recovery or change product to better suit consumers’ needs. In article “The implications of social media on customer relationship management and the hospitality industry”, it is said that hoteliers have found that review of the information in comments enabled them to make management decisions that resulted in improved service operations (Rosman & Stuhura 2013).
Thanks to these factors, pricing becomes one of the primary uses with which hotels attract customers. However, due to customers’ independent nature, there influence over industry players is limited. In the high-end segment of hotels, price influence becomes even less as hotels find it easier to differentiate themselves from the competition and customers become less price sensitive coming to expect higher prices as a symbolism of superior quality and services. Lastly, corporate business and tour operators can exert more influence due to their large purchases but this affect is of a limited nature and does not extend across the whole
Technology has created a major impact on the way in which all organizations market their products and services. With the development of the internet, companies are now able to economically market themselves on a global level. Even smaller companies that were once not able to capture international business due to the cost factor can now do just that. The Washington Plaza Hotel is no exception. The hotel industry in DC relies heavily on tourism as a major part of its client base. Many of these tourists who visit the city are of foreign nationality. It is important that the Washington Plaza Hotel targets these people when marketing the company. Not only do they target the tourist but they also target the international business travelers that come to the city on business related trips. The hotel's website, which gives detailed information about the hotel's accommodations and services, can be accessed by potential customers all over the world. In addition, the Washington Plaza Hotel has teamed up with such web-based travel services like Orbitz, Expedia, Travelocity, Etc. in order to capture more of the global market. Before the existence of the internet, the global market was not easily reachable. Technology has the greatest affect on marketing for many organizations and certainly for the Washington Plaza Hotel as well as the hospitality industry itself.
Moreover, the InterContinental Hotels & Resorts is considered the first international hotel brand in the world, as it began operations in the year 1946 (About InterContinental Hotels Group Brands, 2015). Over time the hotel group has evolved to encompass quality hotel rooms not only in North America, but in Central and South America, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Australia, and Asia-Pacific (IHG – InterContinental Hotels Group, 2015). In addition, they have acquired extended stay facilities and the Hualuxe Hotels & Resorts, which specifically “celebrates the essence of Chinese hospitality” (About InterContinental Hotels Group Brands, 2015). In my opinion, this shows that their target market has changed by expanding their scope of travel, which means they are traveling to farther and farther locations and require the familiar surroundings with equivalent product quality at the final destination. The InterContinental Hotels Group is in the fourth and final stage of the product life cycle, which is the decline stage (Editorial Board, 2014, p. 212). Indeed, the brands lengthy history indicates it has loyal customers, but its addition of innovations indicates the targeting of new customers for the organization, which are clear signs of a business in the decline stage of the product life cycle (Editorial Board, 2014, p.
There are factors which are affecting the consumer behavior in Tourism are Safety and mature consumers, Web, Pricing and tourism studies. The web is considered one of the important factors, which have been argued by the authors about its importance in terms of its influencing acknowledgment.