In Struggle : SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s. United States of America, Boston: Harvard University Press. page 9 23. j. garrow,D (2004). Bearing the cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. New york: HarperCollins .
Congress formulated a stricter plan of Reconstruction, it proposed that Confederate states would be temporarily ruled by the military governor required half the white adult males to take an oath, and restricted political power to the hard core Unionists in each state. Lincoln vetoed the plan, but his own plan could not succeed without assistance of Congress either. Lincoln finally appeared ready to make concessions to the Radicals. At ... ... middle of paper ... ... legal and right. Plessy v. Ferguson upheld a Louisiana law requiring segregated railroad facilities.
The severity of the situation synergized with Confederate hate established the grounds in which the efforts of Reconstruction ultimately failed. After the American Civil War in an attempt to readmit Confederate States to the Union, Congress allowed the states to rejoin under the nonnegotiable term that each state must ratify the Fourteenth Amendment which "forbids states from denying any person "life, liberty or property, without due process of law" or to "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”" (OI) In addition to this, southern Democrats "gained strength when Congress finally removed the political disabilities from most of the prewar leadership" (Doc 3) combined with the passing of the Amnesty act restored democratic power in government and began the resuppression of African American rights. (Doc 3.... ... middle of paper ... ... of Union soldiers from former Confederate States. (Doc 8) This would be known as the Compromise of 1877. (OI) This historic event concluded the government's efforts for reconstruction in the south which as a whole had ultimately failed.
These Radicals said that Lincoln's plan was much too soft. In return, Republicans in Congress then moved to pass the Wade-Davis Bill in 1864. This bill required that a majority of the South would have to take an iron clad oath that the had never supported the Confederacy. The Wade-Davis bill was pocket-vetoed by Lincoln who was assassinated shortly after. Johnson took over the presidency and his Plan of Reconstruction was passes.
Written by Harrold Stanley, American Abolitionists is a book that scrutinizes the movement of abolishing slavery in the United States. It examines the movement from its origin in the 18century in the course of the Civil War and the elimination of slavery in 1856. American Abolitionists book focuses on the American Abolitionists who struggled to end slavery and advocated for equal rights for all African Americans in the United States. Harrold mainly focuses his book on the abolitionist movement and the effect of slaves on its expansion. The book uncovers how abolitionist fought for the end of slavery and how they contributed to the coming of the Civil War.
In the "Emancipation Proclamation" speech, Abraham Lincoln motivates his intended audience during the Antislavery movement by using pathos and rhetorical question. Lincoln presented several examples of why he wrote the “Emancipation Proclamation” speech. The emancipation of the slaves’ speech is about how Abraham Lincoln made an address to the world so that they could free the slaves in the confederate states only. One of the themes in the speech is indicated by Johnson and Guelzo. "From the outset of his presidency, Lincoln wanted to end slavery" (Johnson and Guelzo).
Termpaper Class: African American Study IV Subject: Analyzing the Fundamental Differences Between the Black Abolitionists and the White Abolitionists Movements Black and white abolitionists shared common assumptions about the evil of slavery, the "virtue of moral reform", and the certainty of human progress"(1). Schor, Garnet,1877, & Lanngston, 1989). This shared understanding provided "the basic for the interracial solidarity" and cooperation so vital in the crusade against slavery"(2). (Schor and Garnet, 1877). But blacks also brought a distinct perspective to the antislavery movement.