The Republicans in Congress believed that Johnson’s plan was a failure, not only because of the Black Codes that were passed, but because when Congress reassembled in December of 1865, numerous newly ele... ... middle of paper ... ...icans. The Reconstruction did have some good effects. Some examples of its positive effects are that it restored the Union, started the rebuilding of the South, and public schools were established in the south that had a lasting importance on the region. However, the many negative effects of this era outweigh the positive effects. It failed to solve the economic problems of either the blacks or the South as a whole.
In theory, Lincoln’s plan of Reconstruction seemed an efficient way to redeem the South of its devastation. He was willing to give them a break and do far more for the former Confederates than they deserved. Reconstruction proved to be a failure because Southerners regressive and resistant to change. Because of conflicting viewpoints between Andrew Johnson and congress, the false promises of the Reconstruction Amendments and South’s reign of terror on African Americans these efforts were dismantled. A mistake contributing to reconstruction’s failure was Johnson straying from Lincoln’s original Ten Percent Plan which was as follows: “a southern state could be readmitted into the Union once 10 percent of its voters swore an oath of allegiance to the Union.
Reconstruction was not a success because it resulted in the implementation of the Black Codes, the formation of the Klu Klux Klan, and the failure of the Freedmen's Bureau. The Civil War left the South destroyed and , as a reunited country, the government was tasked with developing a strategy for reconnecting the North and South and rebuilding the land destroyed by the battles. President Abraham Lincoln presented a method for reconstruction, but upon his death, the idea was abandoned. Lincoln's vice president, Andrew Johnson presented another theory that was also dismissed. To begin work on reconstruction in 1865, the Freedmen's Bureau was formed as a welfare agency that educated free blacks and promised to give all former slaves forty acres of ex-Confederate land.
The severity of the situation synergized with Confederate hate established the grounds in which the efforts of Reconstruction ultimately failed. After the American Civil War in an attempt to readmit Confederate States to the Union, Congress allowed the states to rejoin under the nonnegotiable term that each state must ratify the Fourteenth Amendment which "forbids states from denying any person "life, liberty or property, without due process of law" or to "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”" (OI) In addition to this, southern Democrats "gained strength when Congress finally removed the political disabilities from most of the prewar leadership" (Doc 3) combined with the passing of the Amnesty act restored democratic power in government and began the resuppression of African American rights. (Doc 3.... ... middle of paper ... ... of Union soldiers from former Confederate States. (Doc 8) This would be known as the Compromise of 1877. (OI) This historic event concluded the government's efforts for reconstruction in the south which as a whole had ultimately failed.
Reconstruction made the nation as a whole feel ‘reunited’, but it was viewed as a failure and waste immediately after its completion (Boyer, 471). It laid the groundwork for the Civil Rights Movement by passing the 13, 14, and 15th amendments, even though they would not be implemented to protect minority rights for nearly a hundred years. Reconstruction also established a policy of treating African-Americans as second-class citizens. The nation was taught that it was alright to treat blacks as inferior people because the government would not even guarantee them the right to vote in state elections. However, Reconstruction did pave the way for share-cropping and the factory system, which would lead to an economic boom as American expanded.
He was much more lenient towards the South than Lincoln was, giving the South the right to regulate their actions. For example, African Americans could be controlled, but still couldn’t be bought nor sold. Slavery technically ended, but the new sharecropper sy... ... middle of paper ... ...hing, and mob action, the South eventually wore down the political will of the North, allowing the South to go back to their old ways of life. The South won in Reconstruction in many ways. Rebuilding the South was one of its major focuses.
Even though slavery was now prohibited, freed blacks were now left alone to struggle finding simple things like a roof to live in and a job to work for. Meanwhile, President Abraham Lincoln wanted to give the south humane conditions for them to be accepted back into the union and also wanted to give African Americans and former soldiers the right to vote, but that wasn’t very successful when put into the hands of Congress. Soon after Lincoln was killed in 1865, President Andrew Johnson came into presidency and changed the conditions giving African Americans a harder time adapting to their new lives as freedmen. Furthermore, the south became very violent against the blacks and came up with black codes, which put freed blacks as closely as possible back into a slave state. These black codes prohibited interracial marriages, the ownership of guns or liquor, congregation in large groups and had curfews for these freedmen.
Despite the expansion of black Civil Rights during the period 1863-77, the benefits were limited by Southern white supremacy, and ‘white trash’ intolerance. Ultimately, Reconstruction failed because planters’ land was not redistributed, thus ensuring that blacks remained dependent on their previous owners. By 1877, the blacks still had very little. However, a small black economy, and several institutions, had been developed independent of the whites’, thus enhancing blacks’ standing in society. Nonetheless, the slaves who dreamt of a post-War ‘promised land’ were severely and tragically let down.
As a result of democratic hostility and the Republican Party's support of Black suffrage, freedmen greatly supported the Republican Party. As a result of the failure of Johnson's Reconstruction, Congress proposed its own plan. The 14th amendment was one of the many things implemented under this plan. Among other things, this amendment forbade ex-Confederate leaders from holding political office, and gave freedmen their citizenship. The Southern rejection of this amendment, largely as a result of the actions of their former Confederate leaders then in state office, paved the way for the Reconstruction Act of 1867.
The American Civil War helped to save the nation by rejoining Union Confederate and as result of the Emancipation Proclamation, most African American slaves were declared freed men. However, during the American Reconstruction, the lack of political unity was still very apparent as the South saw Reconstruction as being defeated humiliatingly and thus sought vengeance through the slaves it had lose. Although many slaves did receive their freedom, Reconstruction caused an increase in the white supremacy groups such as the Ku Klux Klan and laws such black codes/ Jim Crow laws/ sharecropping, which limited the rights freed slaves had. This unfortunately caused many of the freed slaves to be only marginally better off than before the Civil War and to still be under white control even after the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendment. Having a president that was formerly a slave owner and opposed the rights of freed men as well a weak central government that was in a state of disorder thus caused a failure to put an end to segregation and integrate freed African Americans into society; instead they were seen as second class citizens that had limited rights and were still discriminated even more harshly by bitter Southerners.