North or South: Reconstruction after the American Civil War

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The American Civil War came to a terrible and bloody end with six hundred thousand casualties and the North winning and the South losing. Southern soldiers returned from the war and found their home in ruins. Lots of people lost their homes, land, businesses, and their way of life. Many Southerners faced starvation due to the high food prices and the widespread of crop failure. The Confederate money that was used by Southerners was now useless. Numerous banks collapsed, and the merchants went bankrupt because people couldn’t pay their debts. The people of the South were penniless and broken. (“Post”) But once again America was reunited, but its economy was ruined, and was socially and politically damaged. After the Civil War, change was needed. The Civil War helped African Americans get their citizenships, rights to vote, and more importantly, their freedom. On April 11, 1865, President Lincoln introduced his plan for Reconstruction (“Cause”). The Reconstruction was meant to improve and restore America into a successful, united country while helping recently “free” African Americans in society. He warned people that the, years of the Reconstruction would be “fraught with great difficulty.” Three days later he was assassinated (“Cause”). The twelve years after the Civil War was called Reconstruction. The Reconstruction era was an opportunity of change and was an expansion of freedom for former slaves. It was a time where the North and the Republicans were attempting to fix the Southern economy, set up new governments and support the rights of freedmen. There were also many problems and resistance to the Reconstruction process. “…there were so many different views about how Reconstruction should be accomplished, and because so much... ... middle of paper ... ...Library of Congress). N.p., n.d. Web. 09 May 2014. "Primary Documents in American History." 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress). N.p., n.d. Web. 08 May 2014. Randall, J. G., and David Herbert Donald. The Civil War and Reconstruction. Lexington, MA: Heath, 1969. N. pag. Web. "Reconstruction in the South." Reconstruction in the South. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2014. "Southern Resistance." Reconstruction Era. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2014. SparkNotes. SparkNotes, n.d. Web. 11 May 2014. The cover of Harper’s Weekly, March 14, 1874 "The Ku Klux Klan in Reconstruction North Carolina: Methods of Madness in the Struggle for Southern Dominance." Omeka RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2014. Tourgee Albion, Letter on Ku Klux Klan Activities. New York Tribune, May 1870.

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