In addition to the chained people, there are other people in the cave. Plato refers to them as the puppet-handlers and they are the ones holding those in the cave captive. (It is important to realize that the prisoners do not realize this--in fact, the prisoners do not even realize that they are being held captive since this existence is all they have ever known.) Walking behind the prisoners, the puppet-handlers hold up various objects found in the real world. Due to a fire that is burning the mouth of the cave, the prisoners are able to see the objects and each other only as distorted, flickering shadows on the cavern wall in front of them.
In his novel Being There, Jerzy Kosinski shows how present day culture has strayed away from the ideal society that Plato describes in his allegory of the cave. In his metaphor, Plato describes the different stages of life and education through the use of a cave. In the first level of the cave, Plato describes prisoners who are shackled and facing a blank wall. Behind them is a wall of fire with a partition that various objects are placed and manipulated by another group of people. These shadows are the only action that they ever see.
“These prisoners represent the majority of man, the multitude of people who remain all their lives in a state of ignorance beholding only shadows of reality and hearing only echo’s of the truth” (F. Coplesto, 1985, pg 161). The prisoners represent us – humankind. Plato attempts to alert humans to the possibility that our senses may be deceiving us and that a greater reality exists in the light of truth – out side the cave and our own knowledge. For most of us this reality is beyond our sight and only an extraordinary life-changing event may give us a chance to view this truth – this new reality. The cave challenges individuals to reflect on the possibility that there is a reality... ... middle of paper ... ...n there senses and search for truth.
They have a fire behind them, and a wall in front, and the cave has a long tunnel entrance so that no natural daylight in the cave, only the firelight. The prisoners have been there in the cave since childhood so this is the only thing they will know of. Behind them people are putting on a type of puppet show but they can only see the shad... ... middle of paper ... ...chieve the pure truth. Unfortunately for a human being there is no one there who is able to force us to look deeper we have to achieve it by ourselves. The way in which the chapter ends is an obvious reference about the human nature.
“The Allegory of the Cave”, written by Plato, is a story that presents prisoners who are trapped in a cave and only able to see what is in front of them. There is a fire burning in a distance, and they can only see images in shadows coming from the fire. Since they are trapped in this cave, they believe that the shadows are real, and not just reflections of what really is. The tale goes on to say that one prisoner escaped, and talks about his first perception of the world. In the “Allegory of the Cave”, Plato uses the prisoners in the cave as a metaphor, or an allegory to express ideas about knowledge and enlightenment.
The innate human knowledge the prisoners have during birth is that they are in a cave with each other by their sides, not knowing the difference between what is real and what is fake. They determine that through acquired knowledge. The key fact we have to remember is that these prisoners been in the cave since birth, there empirical knowledge is everything they see in the shadows. If the puppeteers in the background speaks amongst themselves the prisoners would assume that it is the shadows that are speaking. If you have never seen real objects before or hear how it sound you would assume what you see and what you hear is coming from the shadows.
In Plato’s story he examined the definition of reality. Reality according to oxford dictionary is “The state of things as they actually exist, as opposed to an idealistic or notional idea of them” (Oxford Dictonary). In The Allegory of the Cave, reality to the prisoners in the cave, were mere shadows that appeared on the wall, produced by the fire that sat behind the objects that cast them. The shadows on the wall were the prisoner’s only perception of reality. Without having this image to
Prisoners in the cave are not free because they are chained so they can only see the wall and not able to turn around. When they see light of the fire they realize they’ve been imprisoned, where before they didn’t know. The only thing they can see are shadows, therefore shadows are the only thing that exists in their eyes. The Allegory tells us: “The cave is our world and the fire was our sun.” He said the path of the prisoner was our soul's incline to knowledge or clarification. He made our world very opinionated.
Socrates speaks of this dark cave that is filled with people who have never left the cave before. The people are bound in a way that has forced them to look toward a wall of the cave. On this wall they have shadows acting out a seen that are shown by the fire lit behind them. The prisoners watch these stories with belief that this is life. According to Socrates, people in general rely on their bodily senses as their main source of understanding.
Boylu often brings out different perspectives on Plato’s philosophy of epistemology through the expertise of Gail Fine, who has written, “Plato on Knowledge and Forms,” a work of compiled essays. While the author Boylu is knowledgeable on Plato’s epistemology, there should have been more depth and detail in the forms themselves than just the constant repetition that episteme and doxa are exclusively different. The analyzation of Plato’s Republic and the concept of philosophers being the ruling class for a state to avoid evil connects to my essay in the sense that knowledge derives from reason not and brings man closer to harmony. The article clarifies the answer as to how belief and opinion are in between of what is (knowledge/truth) and what is not (ignorance). I plan to use the in-depth interpretation of the difference between knowledge and belief, between a philosopher and the lover of the senses in my