The Civil Rights Movement

1189 Words3 Pages

The Civil Rights Movement
The 13th amendment, passed on the first of January, 1865 abolished slavery throughout America. Although African Americans were considered free after this amendment was approved, they still had a long and arduous struggle to absolute freedom. Before the Civil Rights Act of 1964, segregation in the United States was frequently used throughout many of the Southern and Border States. Schools, bathrooms, libraries, and even water fountains were segregated. Though there were some laws that prevented segregation and discrimination at this time, they were not strongly enforced. Civil rights activists, revolting of being denied their rights as Americans, attempted to put an end to segregation and discrimination in America by starting boycotts and sometimes just simply talking about the issues of racial discrimination. The struggles for racial equality led to events such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott, sit-ins, the March on Washington, and much more. This political, legal, and social struggle to gain full citizenship rights for African Americans and to achieve racial equality is commonly known as the Civil Rights Movement (Civil Rights Movement). It was a time of tremendous change, and the Civil rights act of 1964, a bill passed on July 2, 1964, was hoping to conclude segregation and discrimination once and for all, however following the many years of anti-black violence and, unadulterated loathing towards African Americans, was it enough to change the mindset of the American people?

The Montgomery Bus Boycott
One of the first and most known events of the Civil Rights Movement was the Montgomery Bus Boycott, and is regarded as the first large-scale demonstration against segregation in the United States (Montgomer...

... middle of paper ...

...t’" PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2013.
"Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-1956." Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-1956). Stanford University, n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2013.
"Greensboro Sit-In." Educational Materials: African American Odyssey. Library of Congress, n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2013
"Black History." Southcentral Kentucky Community & Technical College. SKYCTC, n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2013.
Sykes, Marvin. "A&T Students Launch 'Sit Down' Demand For Service At Downtown Lunch Counter." The Greensboro Record 2 Feb. 1960, sec. B: 1. Sitins. NRinteractive. Web. 7 Dec. 2013.
"Jim Crow." The American Heritage New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2005. 08 Dec. 2013.
"March on Washington." Alabama Moments in American History. ADAH, n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2013.
"Official Program for the March on Washington." Our Documents. History, n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2013.

More about The Civil Rights Movement

Open Document