The Civil Rights Movement

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Many changes occurred during the late 1950s into the early 1960s in the goals, strategies, and support of the movement for African American civil rights. Many strides were made for racial equality in the United States. However, while changes were made, they did take a considerable amount of time to achieve. This made some leaders of the civil rights movement frustrated and caused them to divert from their original goal of integration. They instead strove for black separatism where blacks and whites would live segregated. The civil rights movement started in 1955 with the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Rosa Parks, a black woman, sat in the front of a public Montgomery bus. According to the Jim Crow laws enforced in the South, the front of buses was reserved for white people. When a white person approached Rosa Parks for the seat, she refused to get up. She was arrested for violating the Jim Crow law. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. contacted Rosa Parks and asked her if she was serious about starting a civil rights movement. When she said yes, King organized a boycott on public buses in Montgomery, Alabama. As a result, the bus company agreed to allow blacks to sit wherever they wanted to on their buses. This was the first step in a long process that eventually resulted in racial equality in the United States. In 1960, Stokley Carmichael organized Lunch Counter Sit-ins in Greensboro, North Carolina. He was the head of the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee(SNCC). Restaurants in the South had separate counters for blacks and whites. Carmichael had black students sit down at a counter designated for whites only. When the owner of the restauran... ... middle of paper ... ... candidate was Richard Nixon, the Democratic candidate was Hubert Humphrey, and the Independent Party candidate was George Wallace. Amazingly, George Wallace won 46 electoral votes. He won 5 states outright and got partial votes in another state. An independent party candidate never wins electoral votes. Wallace was in favor of segregation and he won most of the vote in the South. This event showed the feeling toward segregation in the South even with the increasing civil rights of blacks. All in all, there were many changes during the 1960s in the goals, strategies, and support of the movement for African American civil rights. Many people changed their views on segregation and others remained the same. Civil Rights for all took a long time to achieve and even though the South heavily opposed it, it finally succeeded.

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