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The African American Civil Rights Movement

analytical Essay
1440 words
1440 words
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The African American civil rights movement was a long journey for African American nationwide. The success involved many people, hardships and time in order to advance the African American community in America. The purpose of the movement was to achieve their rights, cease discrimination, and racial segregation. During the start of the African American civil rights movement, Africans Americans still were faced with Jim Crow laws which segregated them from whites. Under the Jim Crow laws African Americans had different schools, bathrooms, trains, buses and many other things that were separated from the white population. The case, Plessy v. Ferguson went through the U.S. Supreme Court and turned out to make a legal policy “separate but equal” (A Brief History of Jim Crow). The African Americans went on to develop the African American movement to fight for their equality. The Fourteenth Amendment helped them fight for their equal rights by proving they were not being treated with equality which was unconstitutional. The Fourteenth Amendment is for the equal protection of the law for all U.S. born citizens (Kelly). The African American civil right movement was a fight to put an end to discrimination, segregation, and equal rights for all African Americans. In 1954 the cause of Brown v. Board of education found that racial segregationon in schools was unconstitutional under the Fourteenth Amendment. The court found that the schools were separate but not equal (Black History Timeline). This cause also proved that other segregated places were unconstitutional under the law too. This being said caused a hit to the pro Jim Crow laws. In the findings of the school being unfair and unequal, it was found hard to enforce especially in the... ... middle of paper ... ...l. The hardships and brave African American that fought for African American civil rights will forever be remembered as strong heroes that stood to make a change for the future of African Americans. Works Cited “A Brief History of Jim Crow." - Constitutional Rights Foundation. N.p., 2014. Web. 28 Apr. 2014. . "Black History Timeline." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2014. . Kelly, Martin. "14th Amendment Summary." About.com American History. N.p., 2014. Web. 28 Apr. 2014. < http://americanhistory.about.com/od/usconstitution/a/14th-Amendment-Summary.htm> Taylor, Quintard. "Chapter 5." From Timbuktu to Katrina: Readings in African American History. Boston, Mass.: Thomson/Wadsworth, 2008. N. pag. Print.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the african american civil rights movement was a long journey for african americans nationwide. the purpose was to achieve their rights, cease discrimination, and racial segregation.
  • Analyzes how the fourteenth amendment helped african americans fight for their equal rights by proving they were not being treated with equality which was unconstitutional.
  • Explains that the african american civil rights movement was a fight to put an end to discrimination, segregation and equal rights for all african americans.
  • Explains that rosa parks was an african american woman forced to surrender her seat for a white man. segregation laws required that african americans sit at the back of the bus.
  • Analyzes how martin luther king encouraged african americans to be on their best behavior even if white people cursed at them. he helped them fight for what they believed in.
  • Explains that the african american civil right movement was becoming more and more successful for equal rights but, it still took many protests and hardships to get to where they wanted to be.
  • Explains that martin luther king became the most known civil right leader of his time in 1963. he gave a speech in front of the lincoln memorial during the march on washington.
  • Explains that martin luther king was arrested in birmingham, alabama while he was leading supporters of the southern leadership conference. while in jail, king wrote letters that were put into the national press.
  • Describes the march on washington, where dr. martin luther king gave his i have a dream speech and advocated for jobs and freedoms for african american people.
  • Explains that in 1964, the civil rights bill outlawed discrimination of race, sex, religion or national origin. the laws also ensured eeoc, which is equal employment opportunity commission.
  • Explains that the 1965 march on selma alabama was led by martin luther king and southern christian leadership conference to get african americans to register to vote in the southern states.
  • Explains that president lyndon johnson called for the protection of voting rights for african americans, which passed the 1965 voting rights act which gave african american the right to vote supported by their 15th amendment.
  • Analyzes how malcom x's death challenged the mainstream civil rights movement and integration champions by martin luther king. his autobiography book laid the foundation for the black power movement of 1960s-1970s.
  • Explains the black power movement for many african americans during the civil rights movement. the term "black power" was introduced by stokely carmichael in 1966.
  • Explains that civil rights were passed, but also had negative aspects. african americans were still defending their rights and themselves from discrimination until the fair housing act of 1968, which still didn’t have an effect on housing segregation.
  • Explains that the fair housing act of 1968 was the last of the great civil rights laws that were passed in that time. it protected against discrimination in housing, sales, and financing.
  • Concludes that the african american civil rights movement was a success, but it will take time to be fully successful. the hardships and brave african americans who fought for them will forever be remembered as strong heroes.
  • Cites "a brief history of jim crow." constitutional rights foundation. n.p., 2014.
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