A dike case would be similar to a modern civil case; both cases involve a dispute between two individuals. Where a graphe case is similar to a modern criminal case were in both cases the state or public is affected. Both the Athenian and American court system entrust a random jury of peers with the responsibility of determining truth. The Greeks system of democracy was an entirely new concept when it was created, and one that has had lasting affects as it continues to influence present day politics around the globe. Modern day democracies may very well not exist if it wasn’t for the success the Athenians had with democracy.
The Athenian government focused very heavily on democracy, and lacked much of a powerful military. The foremost mentioned democratic
Sparta on the other hand was also affected politically, and militarily but to a lesser effect. Athens was left in mayhem while Sparta was only feeling a little sore from the war but for the most part was rejoicing their win. The aftermath of the war not only affected Athens and Sparta, but Greece as a whole. Greece was severely weakened by the war and with its ignorant leader, Sparta; Phillip II of Macedonia was able to conquer Greece. As a result of the Peloponnesian War Greece was conquered by Phillip II of Macedonia which shows how the aftermath of the war was worse than the war itself.
The roots of the peloponessian war can be traced back to many specific instances but on the most part three main elements caused its rise; Sparta’s anger at Athenian aid to Spartan enemies, Spartan fear of Athenian power, and the hostility and mistrust caused by the radical differences between the two societies. The peloponnesian war was inevitable.
The Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) was a conflict between the Athenian Empire and the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta that resulted in the end of the Golden Age of Athens. The events of the war were catalogued by the ancient historian Thucydides in The History of the Peloponnesian War. Thucydides’ writings showed the ancient Greek belief that there is a parallel between the city-state and the character of its citizens; in order for the city-state to be successful, its citizens must be virtuous. Thucydides did not believe that the true cause of the Peloponnesian War were the immediate policies of the Athenian Empire against the city-states in the Peloponnesian League but rather the fundamental differences in the character of the two city-states
Athens and Sparta were in no way perfect utopian societies to live in, but had their models for democracy been further developed by those who came after them, where would that have lead us to today? The Athens practice direct democracy, while Sparta practice Oligarchies system of government. Athens has no king, Sparta has two kings from two different royal families. Both Athens and Sparta had some positive and negative aspects in their systems. Modern day democracy still supports and adopt some aspects of political system of both Athens and Sparta.
The term democracy has its roots in the Greek language, meaning rule (kratos) of the peo... ... middle of paper ... ...l assemblies where the representatives were elected, were the foundations of modern democracy. Although many criteria related to democracy had been fulfilled, some key issues were still missing. The differences between different social classes, rich-poor, men-women, free-slaves, continued to exist. Secondly the parliament had insignificant power, at start, in comparison to the monarch. Thirdly the representatives were elected only by 5 per cent of the population, thus making them not very representative for the people.
The Reichstag was less important than the Bundesrat in making laws. They could only approve the laws proposed by the Chancellor and the Bundesrat. The Reichstag was the lower house of parliament, with members elected by all men over the age of 25, fewer could vote in Prussia This was very undemocratic as people had little say over the passing of laws. The Reichstag, the house of parliament that the people voted for, had very little power over the creation of laws. The Kaiser was almost a dictator.
MONARCHY In the context of ancient Greece, monarchies were very rare and were very much like tyrannies; however, the characteristics of monocracies usually inferred a ruler that cared for and was interested in the people of the governorship. In Macedonia and Epeiros, the ruler even shared power with an assembly. We know that in Sparta, although they possessed an assembly, it also had two kings. The kings were also
Sparta Vs Athens In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, Oligarchy and Democracy. The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). The democratic government in Athens, though de cently equal, fair and fairly advanced for its time, did not meet the needs of the Greeks. During a time of many military battles Athens decided to worry more about comfort and culture. It is the oligarchy in Sparta that put a war-like attitude as it's first priority and best met the needs of Ancient Greece.