During the Persians three pronged counter attack aimed at recapturing the areas around the center of the rebellion. The Persian’s largest army was destroyed in an ambush at the Battle of Pedasus; this lead to a stale mate for the next year. The Ionian Revolt was the first conflict between Greece and Persia and would later bring upon the Persian War. The Ionian revolt was put to an end at the Battle of Lade, with a Persian victory. After this Darius began a plan to conquer Greece after the support they sent the Ionian revolt.
Explain the importance of the role or religion in Spartan Society. Religion in Sparta, like in many societies, had a purpose. Religion was important in Sparta to support the ideals of a militaristic utopian society which, after the Messenian wars, the governing forces were aiming to create. “Those who honour the gods most finely with choruses are best in war” [Socrates]. The Spartan ideal of an elite military state influenced the approach to religion and the ways in which religion would be moulded to suite state doctrine, therefore highlighting the importance of religion in upholding the values of Spartan society.
The Persians then marched to Athens for revenge. The Greeks defeated the Persian Navy at the battle of Salamis that same year proved to be turning point in the conflict and Xerxes withdrew most of his men in Asia. The finale battle of the Persian War was near Plataea in 479 B.C with Greeks winning. In 477 B.C, the Delian League was formed. The members were Greek city-states, who band together to protect themselves against future threats by the Persian Empire.
In their minds, they were at the head of the Greek world. The Spartans took exception to this and became furious. The credit has to go to them as well, for the large part that they played in the victory over the Persians, in the battle of Thermopylae.
The Persians were great conquerors who crushed rebel cities with ease. King Darius sent a large force to punish Athens with its interference. The Persian army landed at Marathon where Athenian forces attacked. Though they were outnumbered 2 to 1 they emerged victorious. Athens had convinced Sparta and other city-states to join them in their battles.
Another reason Sparta won was because of the Persians. Sparta had an extremely strong land force and a small navy. Persia sent naval ships to the Spartans and hoped to help destroy the Athenian empire (Hunt p. 80). Without the help of Persia, the war may have turned out a little differently. Both Sparta and Athens were forces to be reckoned with.
In 431 BCE a war broke out that lasted until 404 BCE with the collapse of Athens and the conquest of Sparta. After being passed down the thrown from his father, Alexander “the Great” quickly strengthened his power and then led a united Greece in a revengeful war and win against the Persians. Alexander did not live long enough to consolidate his empire. His generals, though, did divide the lands among themselves. Egypt became rich and powerful.
The Carthaginians also had great communication since they controlled the sea, the fastest way of communication at that time. The Carthaginians began a 240 year long struggle for survival with the Greeks then the Romans in the year 410 BC. It all started when the Sicily city of Segesta asked for help against its mortal Greek enemy of Selinius. Carthage, in a lightening fast campaign sacked both Selinius, and the large Greek city of Agrigento. The Carthaginians failed in their attempt to siege Syracusa.
The war fell into three stages. The principal period of the Peloponnesian war, running from 431 to 421 ... ... middle of paper ... ...red to Sparta. Athens was seriously crushed at Sicily however made due for a couple of more years on the grounds that Sparta did not press its preference after the Sicilian misfortunes. By 412 Sparta, with the assistance of partners, had manufactured its own naval force. This was finished with help from Persia, a conventional foe of the Greek city-states.
After the loss, Sparta started to lose support and many allies transferred their allegiance to Thebes (Rhodes 2010: 252). To further weaken Sparta, Thebes liberated Messenia (Xenophon, Hellenika 6.5.25), which deprived Sparta of the Helots it had enslaved long ago (Thuc 1.101). Within the same year as the battle of Leuctra, Megalopolis was built (Pausanias, 8.27.1-3, 8) and Messene was also founded (Cartledge 1987: 347) which would geographically hedge in and alienate Sparta in from the outside world (Buckle 2003: 319). Sparta became immensely powerful after defeating Athens at the conclusion of the Peloponnesian war. Sparta became imperialistic in nature and choose to enforce it’s dominance through the peace of Antalcidas.