Humans have the ability to think, reason and imagine. In fact, we are proud of ourselves being the one who is the only ‘intelligent’ creature on Earth. The term intelligence is made by us humans, thus its definition can only, and inevitably derive from human actions. We normally perceive intelligence as humans’ ability differing us from other non-human beings like ‘animals’. However, it is hard to find universal definition that doesn’t clash between science and philosophy, thus there are so many different measures to test the intelligence.
This goes beyond simple languages and syntactical manipulation. Cultural gulfs in language would also be the focus of such devices. Through the course of Mind and Machine, we have established that artificial intelligence's function will not be to replicate the conscious state of man, but to act as an auxiliary to him. Proponents of Strong AI Thesis and Weak AI Thesis may hold out, but the inevitable will manifest itself in the end. It may be easy to ridicule those proponents, but I submit that in their research into making conscious machines, they are doing the field a favor in the innovations and discoveries they make.
Each philosopher has his or her own belief concerning what an AI program should be able to do. Without a consensus as to what constitutes intelligence, it is impossible to determine with universal agreement whether or not AI has succeeded, is achievable, or is an unreachable dream. In considering the definitions and implications of Artificial Intelligence, many philosophers have reached extremely different conclusions. Alan Turing, author of the Turing Test, believed that an intelligent machine would be able to imitate perfectly a human. Margaret Boden, Professor of Philosophy and Psychology at the University of Sussex, contends that a machine is intelligent if it possesses and displays certain human values.
This lack of a concrete tangible definition does not preclude its existence but merely points to its complex nature. Human intelligence could be viewed as being as diverse as its population however this type of analysis leads us to the individual and becomes useless. There is no doubt that there are universal patterns of what could be considered intelligence and it is these patterns which may give us insight. Because these patterns of 'intelligence' could be linked to humanity's evolution, much time is devoted to find what forces or factors are responsible for them. There are few who would still adhere to a model of Nature vs. Nurture rather substituting the vs. for via.
Perhaps the computer is not truly a competitor with the human brain but rather its ideal. After all, the computer is far superior to the human brain in those aspects where the brain is weakest. It is perhaps the attempt of the human brain to attain perfection after realising its own weaknesses. If you think about it carefully, do those who use the computer not use it supplement
Alan Turing, a British computer scientist, stated that a computer would deserves to be called intelligent if it could deceive a human into believing that it was human. This generally involves borrowing characteristics from human intelligence, and applying them as algorithms in a computer friendly way.  "Strong AI" approach claims that modeling the human mind is necessary for creating some form of computer-based AI that can truly reason and solve problems. A strong form of AI is said to be sentient (self-aware). In contrast, "weak AI" approach focus instead on simulating intelligence (attempting to create machines which will be perceived as intelligent by their users) rather than trying to create it through a model of the mind.
Along with an argument usually comes a counter-argument or rebuttal. The main question about the mind-body issue is how can us humans determine the interaction between mind and matter. I believe property dualism is a logic, justifiable response because it separates the mental entity from brain states, and shows how it can be related to physical substances. The knowledge argument helps convey this view because it shows how non-physical properties such as consciousness, can be proven in any given person. The problems of interaction argument is a well structured rebuttal against property dualism, mostly because it brings about the issue that the mind is not a physical entity, thus it 's not possible for a non-physical substance to interact with a physical substance.
“When the only tool you have is a hammer, all problems begin to resemble nails” (Abraham Maslow). Applying the ways of knowing as an alternative of the subject matter of “tools”, this quote suggests that if one looks at the ways of knowing as one group rather than individually, the knowledge that will be gained will not be to the best of the ability of oneself. The four ways of knowing are: reason, language, sense perception, and emotion. We will be determining to what extent is reason more reliable as a way of knowing than the other ways of knowing, in math, natural science, and ethics? While analyzing math, natural science, and ethics, we will see that reason is neither more reliable or unreliable, but plays both as a strength and weakness in different areas of knowing.
But what qualities combine to create a genius? A true genius incorporates three general aspects: a natural curiosity; originality, alongside creativity; and finally, a remarkable ability to learn, think, and understand quickly. It is important to remember that, in some cases, all three aspects can exist without a high- intelligence score. The truth is that there are countless different types of geniuses. As with any term that describes a personality, not all geniuses will fit the mold carved out by any single definition.
Humans can create advanced artificial intelligence but should not because of the harm they may cause, the monumental advancement needed in the technology, and that its harm outweighs its benefits. Current Capabilities To understand