Emotional awareness recognized and understands your feelings and actions of other people, and self-regulation where you have that ability to express your thoughts, feelings, and behavior in a socially appropriate way. There were many tips that were listed when working with infants from talking and reading, having that warm, responsive, and consistent care, maintaining predictable routines, and getting to know each child while following their lead. The importance of supporting children and developing social skills is critical for learning, happiness, and long-term. This development begins during infancy and can be supported through simple social games, emotional role model, and imitating an infant's facial expression and sounds. The importance of social-emotional development and toddlers makes an impact in a child life when these skills are developed starting in infancy.
Complex mental process begin as social activities Vygotsky believed that children learn through social interaction with adults. He also believed that dialogue with others help a child in promoting cognitive development. Adults, teachers and peers have major impact on the child development of mental processes. As children develop, they gradually internalize processes they use in social contexts and begin to use them independently. This internalization process allows children to transform ideas and processes to make them uniquely their own.
Appropriate social skills are defined by the rules and expectations of specific groups and how a person is expected to behave in particular situations. Most children learn to adapt to various social situations however some have issues with perception in different settings. According to Allen and Cowdery (2015), the following social skills should be learned during early childhood: interacting with children and adults, in and out of the home, initiating play with children, participating in group activities, listening, taking turns, working and playing independently as well as cooperatively, and using language as a social tool. Learning social skills should be natural and not forced. Children’s social skills is influenced by many factors, such as home, school, playground, culture and the community.
When a child goes through theses stages, a child is generally open to other assistance with social skills and can behave in a fairly socially acceptable manner. Parents and teachers help children become socially competent by encouraging friendships ((Frost, Wortham & Reifel, 2010). Peer relationships are important in children been they encourage opportunities for developing interpersonal understandings needed for socialized
At the age of 2 to 3, children tend to explore more as well as investigating the environment and then this will be a guidance into play and most of the time social play is where children have interactions between themselves or between others children and educators. With social play, children gain social skills and pro social skills. For examples, children will try to find other children to play with, detect and agrees differences in others, contributes as fellows in a group or even they will work unitedly with others to finish task. Social development includes in the acquiring of values and understanding and thus helping children to contribute positively to the family, school and community. Moreover, children are more developed by social play, that is, it helps them to train more of the oral and non-verbal communication by exchanging roles.
These activities help a child 's brain develop and understand more complex thoughts and processes as they grow. They include; 1. Functional play (also called practice play) 2. Constructive play – children create or
It is important to expose children to many social situations. These different social experiences help children learn how they should behave in certain situations. As they grow and start to socialize with other children more often, they will learn how to communicate, share, and cooperate. Relationships with other children provide an opportunity for children to practice and advance their social skills and their relationship skills. These relationships also help children learn how to join groups of children already playing together, form/maintain friendships, share personal info, avoid the bully, take turns, resolve conflicts, help others.
Play contributes to the development of a child cognitively, socially, emotionally and physically. In the area of cognitive progress, a child can grow into higher thinking, creativity, and problem solving skills. Socially, they can learn through social interaction taking turns, patience, and sharing in addition to developing friendships. Developing emotionally a child can express their thoughts, feelings, gain self-confidence, and competence. Through play they can develop physically by testing their balance systems, judging distances, and hand-eye coordination.
"However, children's play is not only focused on amusement but also provides opportunities to build fundamental life skills. Through play, children can develop physical, emotional, social and cognitive ability as they can increase the intellectual level such as colors, shapes and even language, and also develop communication ability to share emotions such as joy, fear, sorrow and anxiety. These development acquired during all stages of childhood becomes the core building blocks for their adolescence and adulthood and is "fundamental
Through their early experiences with others, children develop their understanding of the world. By simple activities that are carried out on daily basis between children and caregivers, children are able to gain the meaning of new techniques and learning strategies, they expand their existing knowledge and experience new things. The interesting aspect is to elaborate on social interaction within different groups of children. Although the cognitive abilities may not fully develop in every child, social interaction encourages and prompts the progress.