The historical context of inequality in the United States can be can be traced back to the American South and the times of the Civil War. The slave trade, Emancipation Proclamation and 13th Amendment largely contribute to the inequality presented of the African American population.
The institution of slavery, from the year 1830 to 1860, created a divide between the northern and southern regions of the United States. Southerners, who relied on slaves to maintain their plantations, supported the institution, as it was a major part of their economy. Meanwhile, northerners, many of whom depended on slave produced cotton for textile mills and goods for the shipping industry, were divided on the slave issue, as some saw it as a blessing while the abolitionists saw it as a horrific institution. Overall, attitudes toward the institution of slavery, due to a variety of causes, differed in the varying regions in the United States from 1830 to 1860.
Slavery During the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and part of the Nineteenth Century the White people of North America used the Black people of Africa as slaves to benefit their interests. White people created a climate of superiority of their race over the Black African race that in some places, still lingers on today. The American Civil War however, was a key turning point for the Black African race. Through their actions and the political actions of President Lincoln and his administration, Black Africans set a presedent for their freedom, equality and liberation. A very important aspect of Blacks proving themselves was that of the Black Man acting as a soldier in the Civil War.
“Uncle Tom’s Cabin” written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, first published in 1852, it was the most popular and sentimental novel. The author Harriet Beecher Stowe was an abolitionist, she wrote this novel to reveals the life of slavery. Stowe brought the slavery issues to people’s attention through Uncle Tom’s Cabin. In the book, she shown the plantation economy system in the southern region requires numerous labors, which led to one of the reasons that slavery exists. Money is the symbol of value, and it plays an important role in the book. Stowe had also shown the morality of the society through different characters in the book. Stowe is trying to teach the audiences how money, slavery and morality related to each other, and how money can change people’s behaviors. The most important point that Stowe wants to get across is that slavery is morally wrong and it needs to be stopped.
On the eve of the Revolutionary War, slavery was well established throughout America; however, subsequent to securing independence from Britain, the institution of slavery underwent dramatic transformations. Initially, many northern states adopted laws to gradually emancipate their slaves because the northern economy was not as embedded in slavery as the South. On the other hand, Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin in 1793 spurred rapid economic growth and agricultural expansion, which expanded slavery into the Deep South. Moreover, agreements to fight for the British during the Revolution, coupled gradual manumission post Revolution allowed many African Americans to gain freedom. However, slavery nonetheless expanded in the South through agricultural and economic advancements. As a result, many northern free slaves responded to their challenges by seeking adaptation to society through increased rights and church activities. In addition, enslaved African Americans responded to the challenges of their bondage through various forms of resistance. Therefore, while gradual manumission between 1775 and 1830 opened opportunities to many African Americans to gain freedom through emancipation, fighting for the British, purchasing their freedom, or relocating to Africa, slavery as an institution expanded in the South as a result of extensive economic growth. Consequently, free African Americans reacted to the challenges in the North through more passive attempts of adaptation and improvement, while enslaved African Americans in the South favored forms of resistance.
John Jay a founding father of the United Sates of America stated in 1786 that ‘to contend for our own liberty and to deny that blessing to others involves an inconsistency not to be excused’. The ideology of the American Revolution such as liberty and equality did not extend to slavery, even though slavery was the antithesis of the ideals of the American Revolution it still survived and the emancipation of slaves was a developmental process. The fact that slavery was not abolished during the revolutionary era even though freedom for every man was a key focus reveals the hypocrisy which was rampant at this time. In order to expose the great American contradiction this essay will examine the American Declaration of Independence and one of its key authors Thomas Jefferson.
Slavery vs. Economics "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness" --Declaration of Independence Slavery is a societal institution based on ownership, dominance, and exploitation of one human being by another and reciprocal submission on the part of the person owned. The owner may exact work or other services without pay and virtually without restriction and can deny the slave freedom of activity and mobility. Slavery is one of this country's most debated topics. In America's history slavery and economics go hand in hand. Most people think that the ban of slavery was a human rights issue in the south, where in fact it was a major economic one.
Slavery degusted northerners. Many people believed Slavery was morally wrong and wanted to do something about it. The book Uncle Tom’s Cabin and the newspaper The Liberator argued how wrong it was. In this, Slavery was a major cause in the outbreak of the Civil War.
Not all people expose their opinions through books, but Toni Morrison believes that language and storytelling are main parts of revealing the “truth”. She makes it obvious in her novel Beloved, that slavery should not be seen just as something that physically harmed but sometime thing that also altered the emotional state of slaves. In the book Morrison presents this view through a family’s past and present experiences. She makes this “truth” noticeable with the constant use of repetition, parallel structure and metaphors throughout the book.
In this book, the author discovered that many historians believed that the practice of leasing convicts of the South was an abuse to the African Americans. Even though many see as it was just one of the many things that occurred in the large sweep of the racial evolution of the South. The cruel and brutal punishments toward the blacks was unjustified.