For centuries the belief that America is the land of opportunity has been spread through society by rich, white men. The vast majority of the population has been silenced through oppression. The history of America is stained with blood, and success is measured in body count. For some in society America might be considered the land of opportunity, but for them to succeed they must climb onto the backs of others. The oppression that exists in society from the 1500’s onward till today represents the blatant fallacies that exist in the statement “America is the land of opportunity.” Starting with the mistreatment of the Native Americans and then continuing onto the oppression and general practice of slavery, white men have been forcing themselves ahead of everyone else through immoral and selfish practices.
However, African Americans were not the only marginalized community affected. Many races including Native American, Hispanic and Asian societies each had a fair share of struggles when challenging the structures of domination that the U.S. had implemented for so long. In this paper I will argue that white Americans were protected through both science and law as they victimized inferior races through cruelty and the prohibition of resources valuable to the future of their race. In the early 20th century social-reform policies across the world were formulated around the exclusion of unwanted populations also known as eugenics. “Eugenics justified social policies by encouraging the reproduction of ‘fit’ individuals while denying any reproduction to ‘unfit’ individuals” .
In the article, “Nature and Environmental Justice” Mei Mei Evans believes that white supremacy had a large impact in what is natural in society. European settlers implemented slavery to purposely show to the minority group who was at top of the social class. Through the ideology of European Settlers, the gap they created when they implemented slavery created the aftermath of stereotypes that affects African Americans wanting to better themselves. “This ideological construction creates a representation paradigm whereby heterosexual white manhood is constructed as …the identity most deserving” (Evans 183). Dunbar the writer had to be helped by his friend, who was a white editor, in order to sell his stories because of his limitation of being African American.
The plantation owners had all the land and resources, but no one to work on their grounds long term. Throughout the years 1607-1775, slavery rose as an important contributor to the South’s economy due to social, geographic and economic aspects. Slavery affected the South’s social structure because the southern elite enjoyed being at the top of the ranks. Although slavery was originally started for economic reasons, social components regarding slavery soon became important to the southern colonists (red). Land and slave owners were at the top of these ranks, and then came poor farmers, and then slaves at the bottom.
“Captive African and their descendants paid with their blood and sweat for the phenomenal expansion of human possibilities in the Atlantic world”(Rice, 62). Among many groups of people that migrated to America are the African Americans. At first it was by choice, but that gradually changed to being captured and forced to migrate to America to work in the plantation fields. African Americans faced racial oppression and prejudice in a land that put in its constitution “all men are created equal.” They were treated with disrespect, hostility, and cruelty and made inferior to their fellow beings. Despite the abolishment of slavery with the thirteenth amendment, African Americans still faced prejudice and racial hostility from all around.
The most common form of resistance of the slaves was not working hard, this act infuriated the whites because it slowed the down the rate of cultivation. During the time of 1800 to 1860 slavery took a rapid increase. This expansion was mainly due to the need for a stronger economy, which was gained through the expansion of the cultivation of cotton. As well as the fact that blacks were seem as the inferior race. The superiority over the blacks made the white southerners feel powerful, and dominant.
Slaves were white, tan, and black. What mattered most was how hard they worked and the job they did. It also did not matter what gender the slaves were, because either way they could be put to work used as a servants or farmer. Slavery started because economic factors of the English settlers in the late 17th century. It started as a means of using people as a trade for items such as Tobacco, Sugar and Cotton.
Identification of an individual based on their race promotes racism, which entails individuals from a particular race viewing their race as better compared to the others. American society believes on the ideal that all men are equal from the day of creation (Visweswa... ... middle of paper ... ... undermines the unity since some races will be identified with some negative values and others viewed as better. Most of the Americans hold to the principle of directness in which individuals are expected to communicate since it is the best way to be heard. Directness is important because it fosters the development in the American society (Connelly, 72). Identification of individuals based on their races does not embrace the principle of directness as they want their grievances addressed based on their races.
White supremacy has influenced many people to believe that they should politically, economically, and socially rule non-white people. The Naturalization Act of 1790 limited U.S. citizenship to whites only. The formation of the Confederate States of America from 1861 to 1865 happened because they were in favor for the expansion of slavery. The illustration of the old white male promotes the ideals of slavery by his placement in the advertisement and he knows his importance of where he is in society. The white old man knows his significance in society that he superior over any race.
Crevecoeur said that: “African were torn from their friends and relations when delivered into the hand of people of different color”(Crevecoeur, page 475).The fact that slavery took an important turn in United States was because it was practiced by white people who were looking for free labor to develop the new nation and that involved millions of slaves. The slaves were mistreated and considered as property. According to Spalding: “The slaves were considered merely as property and in no respect whatever as persons” (Spalding, page 463). Africans were used as slaves because they were strong and hard workers. They were sold and used for work without remuneration a... ... middle of paper ... ...aid that: “The great ambition of democracy was precisely to free people from atavistic power through a discipline of principles that would forbid it” (Steele, page 496).