for youngsters who have a long history of convictions for less serious felonies for which the juvenile court disposition has not been effective” (qtd. in Katel). Housing juveniles in adult prisons, not as common but unethical to some and others see as necessary. Is the adult system more effective? “The adult system is overworked, overcrowded, overwhelmed, and there is no evidence that it is more effective.” “Housing children in adult prisons is simply wrong” (Roush and Dunlap, Juveniles in adult prisons: A very bad idea).
The death penalty should not apply to juveniles because young offenders should be given a second chance, it is considered cruel and unusual punishment and many juveniles are still too young to comprehend the consequences of their actions. They don’t think about the decision they make now may have a big impact on their lives ahead of them. Juveniles are offenders who committed their crimes before tuning eighteen. Juveniles tend to live in the present. There have been many court cases with the controversy on whether the death penalty for juveniles is constitutional or not.
Also, the opposition feels that the juvenile cannot accept full responsibility for his or her actions. Some people insist that each minor who committed a crime was influenced in some way or another (Emerson 8). Not only does the opposition believe that the minor was influenced, but they also believe that the juvenile was not able to control his or herself (Emerson 8). In addition, juveniles have not yet reached the necessary maturity level to share a prison amongst other adults. Minors, isolated for punishment, do not deserve this radical treatment (Staff Report C13).
Young teenagers don’t realize the trouble they can get into when they don’t consider their behaviors. Juvenile offenders do not measure the consequences of committing a crime and how a bad decision will dramatically change their lives, as well. I think juvenile offenders should not be sentence nor tried as adults because of their young age and their lack of maturity. One reason, why I think juvenile offenders should not be tried as an adult is because they’re weak minded and have no control over their reasoning abilities. For example, I have a friend whose son committed a crime as juvenile and was tried as an adult in a non-homicide case; this decision shock my friend because this was his first offense and he was seventeen years old at the time.
There is a discussion about how juveniles should be punished if they commit heinous crimes. While many argue that juveniles who commit serious crimes, such as murder, should be treated as adults, the fact is, juveniles under the age of eighteen, are not adults, and should not be treated as such. Juveniles are not mature enough or developed psychologically, and, therefore, do not consider the consequences of their actions. In the article, “Startling Finds on Teenage Brains” by Thompson,
How would you feel if the police arrested kids all over our country to jail for just crossing the street the wrong way or pushing another kid on the playground? That is what is happening to many underage juvenile all over the United States; they are being sent to adult prisons for crimes that do not deserve such severe punishments. Why they were tried as adults is an enigma and we will explain why this is a terrible injustice. In 1899 children in between the ages of 7-14 were believed they were incapable of committing criminal intent. The court system back then believed that if enough evidence could be gathered to convince a jury, the underage person would be convicted and sent to an adult prison.
They are categorized by the crimes they have committed, but not because of their age and mental immaturity. It has been scientifically proven time and time again that the brain is not fully developed until the mid-20s. Teens should not be thrown in the same cells as fully matured and developed adults. This is what leads to problems in rehabilitating an individual. Just how people with disabilities need aid in adjusting to everyday life.
In today’s generation there are many children and teens that commit crimes to satisfy their self being. Every day we see in the news about the reasons why children or teens commit crimes like murder or homicide. Sentencing juveniles to life in prison is not a right response to prevent homicide and serious murder, because their brains are not fully develop and the bad environment they live in. Teenagers or children need to be remain unformed of preventing crimes in today’s society. With this said, juvenile’s mental brains, backgrounds and growth are the reasons why they are not proficient to maintain themselves in a prison cell.
Also considered how much bullying and peer pressure plays a role in the actions of juveniles. These factors have to be further investigated before an educated decision can be made on the pros and cons of the trial of a juvenile in an adult court. According to Author Gail Garinger, she agrees that when the Supreme Court cut off the death penalty among juveniles they recognize that there is a loophole in the system and that it must be corrected. Inflicting the death penalty will not help deter juveniles from committing such crimes. Author Paul Thompson also believes that juveniles cannot be tried as adults as they have not fully develop mentally to make decisions or understand the brutality of their actions.
Whether the child is eight, fifteen, or seventeen they should not be treated as adults. My first policies would state that juveniles are not mature enough to be treated as an adult. Juveniles do not have the ability to make decision on their own because they are a juvenile: under the age of 18. These adolescents do not have the ability to drink, drive, get married or sign legal contracts. So, if they do not have the ability to perform those acts under the law, then they should not be treated as an adult under the law.