Short, James F. Jr. The Level of Explanation Problem Revisited- The American Society of Criminology, 1998 p. 36 Sullivan, Mercer L. “Getting Paid” Youth Crime and Work in Inner City. Ithaca, N.Y: Cornell University Press 1989. Williams, Terry. The Cocaine Kids: The Inside Story of a Teenage Drug Ring.
Hanson (2013) narrates that on Sept. 23, 2006, Travion Blount, Morris Downing and David Nichols, members of the Crips gang, drove to a house near a Norfolk Navy base neighborhood in Virginia, where they believed a dealer lived with a few roommates. They pulled guns, stole money and some pot. Police caught all three within a week. Nichols and Downing, both 18 and legally adults, pleaded guilty and received 10 and 13 years. They were required to testify against Blount to receive fewer years in prison.
Retrieved November 19, 2013, from http://ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/asp/profile_display.asp Johnson, J. B., & Secret, P. E. (1990). “Race And Juvenile Court Decision Making Revisited.” Criminal Justice Policy Review, 4(2), 159-187. Lundivian, R. J., McFarlane, P. T., & Scarpitti, F. R. (1976). “Delinquency Prevention: A Description And Assessment Of Projects Reported In The Professional Literature.” Crime & Delinquency, 22(3), 297-308.
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“Abuse can be a whole range of physical behavior—slapping, hitting, beating, or using weapons to hurt someone. Abuse includes verbal and emotional abuse, where someone is constantly insulted [and beaten down] to feel sad and worthless.” This can also cause one to have mental issues, like depression. Is it worth it to hurt an innocent child of yours, or even someone else’s child? Domestic abuse “can also include rape and sexual abuse.” The mistreatment of children “takes many forms… that at times lead to death.” Many parents do not know how to correctly discipline their child and may accidentally abuse their child. “The purpose of discipline is to correct [the child’s] behavior” without harming them.
Winslow, R. W., & Zhang, S. (2008). Contemporary Theories of Crime. Criminology: a global perspective (). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson/Prentice Hall. Biological/Biosocial And Classical Theories Of Crime Researchomatic .Retrieved 4 , 2010, from http://www.researchomatic.com/Biological-Biosocial-And-Classical-Theories-Of-Crime-11526.html Pirruzia, T (2011).Review of the Roots of Youth Violence: Literature Reviews.
With more parents working today, one perception is that children are being forced to grow up too quickly, which could be why crime among the youth is growing each day. In the past it was thought that, “If parents raise their children properly, they will be law abiding citizens. In contrast, if a child does not behave appropriately, it must be the parents’ fault” (Nakaya 49), however this may not be the case. While there is not one single cause for juvenile delinquency, Graham believes that bad parenting falls somewhere on the list (1719). So the question arises, is it the child’s fault for the crime he or she committed or should the blame lay upon the parent, who if was present in the child’s life and instilling proper discipline, might prevent the crimes from happening at all.
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(2011). Disregarding graduated treatment: Why transfer aggravates recidivism. Crime & Delinquency, 57(5), 756-777. doi:10.1177/0011128708328867 Klein, Eric K. (2011) "Dennis the menace or billy the kid: An analysis of the role of transfer to criminal court in juvenile justice." American Criminal Law Review Winter 1998: 371- 410. Retrieved from Academic OneFile.