Penology Essays

  • Imprisonment and Social Control

    2934 Words  | 6 Pages

    to consider the new penology. Therefore, it needs to be clear what the new penology is. The new penology is said, not to be about punishing individuals or about rehabilitating them, but about identifying and managing unruly groups in society. It is concerned with the managerial processes, not the individual’s behaviour or even community organisation. All in all, its goal is to make crime tolerable, not to eliminate it entirely. (Feeley, M and Simon, J). Therefore the New Penology is not about the reform

  • Violence: The Prison Experience

    1344 Words  | 3 Pages

    The prison experience has traditionally been explained through the notion of ‘hierarchy’, that there exists some form of ranking system within the prison. This is demonstrated with the well-known tensions between prisoners and prison officials, and sometimes between the prisoners themselves. For example, prison authorities use violence towards prisoners as a method to demonstrate power, to detain, and prevent and deter the furtherance of violence. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) National

  • The Medical Model Of Criminology In The Prison System

    916 Words  | 2 Pages

    Criminology and Penology began to change in the late 1800s. Starting with the meeting of the National Prison Association in Cincinnati, Ohio during 1870, many new reforms began to make sweeping changes in the world of corrections (Mays & Winfree, 2009). One of these reforms was the ideal that prison inmates could be rehabilitated, and prepared to rejoin society, if the underlying causes of their criminal behavior could be corrected. This brought about the medical model of corrections, and this model

  • Punishment: Dorothea Dix's Contribution To Prison Reforms

    1685 Words  | 4 Pages

    Prison Reform “…regarded it among their earliest practical necessities to allot a portion of the virgin soil as a cemetery, and another portion as the site of a prison” (Hawthorne). This quote from The Scarlet Letter is actually true. Prisons were among the first buildings built among colonization. The prisons were not for punishment- that was usually done publicly. Punishments fell into the four categories of fines, public shame, physical chastisement, and death. These prisons were usually

  • Abolishing Prisons

    1995 Words  | 4 Pages

    “The ultimate expression of law is not order- its prison. There are hundreds upon hundreds of prisons and thousands upon thousands of laws, yet there is no social order, no social peace” (Jackson, 1975). Over the years, there are many controversial debates whether prisons work or not, and if does work whether it works and serve the purpose that should have. In the following paragraphs it is going to be a critical evaluation regarding the case of abolishing prisons, and whether it is a solution of

  • The Pros And Cons Of The Death Penalty

    648 Words  | 2 Pages

    The Death Penalty is cruel and unusual, however we still give constitutional acceptance to the federal system. It presents “a relic of the earliest days of penology, when slavery, branding, and other corporal punishments were commonplace. Like those other barbaric practices, executions have no place in civilized society.”(1) It is wrong to advocate the the use of the capital punishment when numerous options are available to those in need of rehabilitation. Three of the most prominent problems with

  • Emile Durkheim's View Of Collective Punishment

    914 Words  | 2 Pages

    growing emphasis based on managing risks by way of actuarial methods and controlling incapacitation as opposed to physical torture of the individual. During the 1970s there was a new form of control based on surveillance and risk classification , a new penology. (Harcourt, 2010). Certainly the need for physical punishment has declined with the gradual bureaucratization of penal policy. Punishment is not collectively justified by all as there will certainly be disagreements. In particularly in terms of

  • Essay On The Correctional System

    1439 Words  | 3 Pages

    Abstract Throughout this paper, one will obtain a better understanding of the correctional system and how it is an important aspect of the criminal justice system. Therefore, the history of corrections, their mission statement, and sentencing goals will be briefly discussed. In the correctional system, there are different alternatives to imprisonment, such as probation, parole, and intermediate sanctions. I believe that parole makes a significant impact on the criminal justice system because it

  • Pros And Cons Of Rehabilitation In Prisons

    1717 Words  | 4 Pages

    The topic to be analyzed is rehabilitation in prisons. Up until about the eighteen-hundreds prisons believed in the rehabilitation ideals. After that, the idea that sprung forward was strict and harsh punishment, and because people in poverty increased, crime increased with it. People bought into the idea that prisons should be a living hell as a deterrence to keep people from committing crime. In some places they would put prisoners in solitary confinement for long periods of time to think about

  • Prison Reform In America

    1883 Words  | 4 Pages

    of such social thinkers of the Enlightenment as the baron de Montesquieu, Voltaire, Thomas Pain and Cesare Beccaria". These thinkers came to believe that criminals could be rehabilitated." Beccaria, a European theorizer, had the most influence on penology. "His work had a profound effect on criminal punishment the world over." Beccaria wrote "the purpose of punishment is not to torment a sensible being, or to undo a crime [but] is none other than to prevent the criminal from doing further injury to

  • Modern Prison Incarceration

    1840 Words  | 4 Pages

    Introduction The concept of incarceration has been evolving throughout the changes of time. Besides the intrinsic perspective of punishment to lawbreakers, it also serves as different roles to the society and justice system. In this essay, the effectiveness of modern prison in crime reduction will be examined. And to discuss the utility of modern prison as the means of reducing crime, its main functions also need to be studied, they are retribution, deterrence, incapacitation and rehabilitation.

  • Alcatraz: The Women's Jail

    2037 Words  | 5 Pages

    Foucault, Tony Bennett, Emile Durkheim, David Garland, and Cesare Beccaria. All of these profound scholars has contributed some of the most amazing research into the Prison System, theories of crime and punishment, institutional reform, and theoretical penology. The Prison Museums that will be analyzed in this article will include Alcatraz (San Francisco), The Women’s Jail (Joburg,

  • Essay On The Prison System

    2698 Words  | 6 Pages

    scarlet letter. Basically, public humiliation was used as a deterrent to control the people. This stopped working when the population began to grow bigger, so other methods had to be used. Cesare Beccaria was a member of the Classical School of penology and influenced the way people thought about punishment. He suggested that punishments should be defined and judges should not have total power. He also stated that laws had to be public and clear. He also said that punishments should be the “minimal

  • The History of Alcatraz Island

    4107 Words  | 9 Pages

    The History of Alcatraz Island Alcatraz Island has quite a distinct history. Many people know that Alcatraz served as a federal prison, but most are reluctant to know that this island served as fort. Built before the Civil War, it served two main purposes. First, that it was to guard the San Francisco bay area from enemy ships against a foreign invasion, and second, to hold hostage prisoners of war or POW's as they were called. In this report, I'll show you how this fortress came to be a federal

  • Imprisonment in A Doll's House

    825 Words  | 2 Pages

    Imprisonment in A Doll’ s House In a Doll’ s House, a certain number of imprisonment effects are at hand. Characters such as Nora or Kristine, are condemned either by poverty or by the situation or even by the role that women were expected to play and accept in this very conventional society, regardless of the fact that they were, despite this, respected and considered as the “pillars'; of society. In the play “A Doll’s house';, all the main characters are imprisoned

  • Attica Prison Riot and Prison Reform

    1355 Words  | 3 Pages

    We live in a society today filled with crime and fear. We are told not to go out after a certain hour, always move in groups, and even at times advised to carry a weapon on ourselves. There is only one thing that gives us piece of mind in this new and frightening world we live in: the American penal system. We are taught when growing up to believe that all of the bad people in the world are locked up, far out of sight and that we are out of reach of their dangerous grasp. Furthermore, the murderers

  • Justifications for Punishment in Modern Society

    1614 Words  | 4 Pages

    Provide the justifications for punishment in modern society. Punishment functions as a form of social control and is geared towards “imposing some unwanted burden such as fines, probations, imprisonment, or even death” on a convicted person in return for the crimes they committed (Stohr, Walsh, & Hemmens, 2013, p.6). There are four main justifications for punishment and they are: retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and incapacitation. There is also said to be a fifth justification of reintegration

  • Current Issues in the Correctional System

    1045 Words  | 3 Pages

    The “Tough on Crime” and “War on Drugs” policies of the 1970s – 1980s have caused an over populated prison system where incarceration is policy and assistance for prevention was placed on the back burner. As of 2005, a little fewer than 2,000 prisoners are being released every day. These individuals have not gone through treatment or been properly assisted in reentering society. This has caused individuals to reenter the prison system after only a year of being release and this problem will not

  • The Merits and Pitfalls of Capital Punishment Today

    1466 Words  | 3 Pages

    Capital punishment is an age-old practice. It has been used in civilizations for millennia, and will continue to be used for millennia to come. Whether used for the right or wrong reasons, capital punishment is unmistakable in its various forms. From hangings, to firing squads, to lethal injections, capital punishment and the associated proceeding have evolved over time. There have been many arguments against capital punishment, many of which still hold true. As capital punishment has evolved over

  • Evaluation of Correctional Education

    1139 Words  | 3 Pages

    Many correctional education programs focus on prisoner’s way of thinking and ability to make decisions. One of the many reasons criminals keep returning to prison is because they are often times released after many years of being incarcerated and have no assistance while returning to society. Correctional education programs are designed to eliminate such way of thinking so prison re-entry rate will drop. Programs such as Preparing Inmates for Re-Entry through Assistance, Training, and Employment