S X And Y Theory, Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs Theory And The Hawthorne Studies

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McGregor’s X and Y Theory, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory and the Hawthorne Studies Over the last few decades police work has shifted from the force approach to a more service oriented and diverse organization because police rely on public approval to maintain their legitimacy. Therefore, organization structure and meeting the needs of society is dependent upon the behavior of administrators and managers. The organization itself can be very large with many different complex and specialized departments under a hierarchy chain of command. While hierarchy exist in all organizations, supervisors must ensure proper command without becoming a burden on those they supervise. Management refers to police administers and supervisors deciding subordinate…show more content…
This is where McGregor’s X and Y theory provides a different aspect between classical organization theory and the human relations theory, and is responsible for the classical approach to management (Gaines & Kappeler, 2015). McGregor based his theories X and Y off of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory regarding the views of human nature dealing with work perception, organizational life and management (Gaines & Kappeler, 2015). He presumed that manager possessing the Y theory managerial characteristics where positive role models and increase staff motivation and productivity when lower ranking staff are included in the decision making process in achieving organizational…show more content…
According to Gaines and Kappeler (2015), the military model causes distrust, poor morale, lower performance, and communication problems if subordinates are treated as robots instead of giving the power to use critical thinking skills at the community level. While the classical organizational theory remains the most effective model in policing, it relies heavily on strong leadership and managerial philosophy to confront social change. With this in mind, administrators need to be flexible and balance the needs of those in the department, organization and society to achieve organizational objectives and

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