This week the readings included extended concepts of psychoanalytic theory that Freudian’s descendants analyzed and explored approaches of the ego, the self, the subject, the intrapsychic, and the I. Psychodynamic analysts evolved new theories that defined the matrix of personality by examining the relationship between object and self. The paper reflects on the intrapsychic and intersubjective process, self-psychological perspective, and it’s strengths and weakness.
Intrapsychic and Interpsychic Concept
The intrapsychic and intersubjective concept focuses on the problem of internal world of the analysand and the hypothesis of the drive is related to objects, which is based on two-person psychology. In psychoanalytic literature the object …show more content…
Further, determining object as preconceived, projected, represented, and constructed in comparison to drive, which is activated, dynamic, self-organized, and subject to transformation is also beneficial. Subsequently, this provides analyst the information, and helps break things down to understand the relation with oneself and with other. The knowledge of interwoven dimensions of the human biological functions and purpose of the drive may be an important tool in the diagnosis processes. The weakness of the concept is that dependence on psychical and biological development may differ from client to client. It may be challenging to understand the relationship between internal world and object for the client who has not developed the internal world. It is questionable if this concept would be helpful to understand autistic client or any psychotic disorder where the internal world is yet to be developed and free association may not be practical (Green, …show more content…
Consequently, success of analysands’ work of speaking through free association may be high and may enhance the therapeutic relationship. The therapist genuine responsiveness to the needs and fears of the client can be the important component in building interpretive process (Ornstein & Ornstein, 2015).
Nonetheless, the therapist responsiveness may be ineffective if the clients traumatic experience level is high and the client is unable to build a relationship with the therapist. The disconnection between therapist and client may result to ineffective treatment. Thus, this therapy is practical with those who have self-esteem problems, however, may not be practical for clients with intense and violent destructive behaviors.
To conclude, the analysts and analysands undergo the process of difficulties that require an expression to encourage clients discover objects and drives. The genuine presence, empathetic responsiveness, understanding, validating, and affirming from the analysts can enhance the therapeutic relationship. The structure of psyche is interwoven with others that are identified as the objects. The purpose of the analyst is to help the client identify self and object; the intrapsychic, inter subjectivity, and self-psychology concepts provide analyst tools to clarify the complex structure of human
From a psychoanalytical point of view, human behavior is thought to result from the interaction of three major subsystems within the personality: the id, ego, and super ego
In all the psychology of the personality is difficult to understand, because trying to read what someone is thinking about you and your personality is a tough process. This was roughly and explanation into the view of Freud’s view of the id, ego, and superego and some of the psychoanalysis stages that come in the crazy world and studies of Sigmund Freud. Even though his views are not popular today some people still research them and think to themselves he might not be as weird as people told me he was.
The psychodynamic approach lends itself to being a controversial yet highly influential theory in the history of psychology. The theory has become one of the most significant psychological approaches and its originator, Sigmund Freud, has become a major influence in modern psychology. The psychodynamic approach largely focuses on motivation and past experiences which develop and individual’s personality. Freud used the iceberg metaphor to outline the three states of consciousness and argued that only twenty percent of the mind represents the conscious. In addition he theorised that there was a pre-conscious mind which represents general memory. Finally, the unconscious mind which is essentially the reservoir of repressed or hidden experiences and desire.
The psychodynamic theory encompasses both Freud and Erikson. Freud believed the three components of personality were the id, the ego, and the superego. The id is responsible for all needs and urges, while the superego for ideals and moral. The ego moderates between the demands of the id, the superego, and reality. However, Erikson believed that personality progressed through a series of stages, with certain conflicts arising at each stage. Success in any stage depended upon successfully overcoming these conflicts. The advantage to psychodynamic is that it encompasses the individual, meaning that the theory looks at personality from childhood all the way into adulthood. The disadvantages of this theory are that it cannot be tested validly. Therefore,
The theory our learning team is studying is the psychodynamic approach or what is sometimes called psychoanalytic approach. The main contributors to Psychodynamic approaches was the founder Sigmund Freud (1859-1939), Anna Freud (1895-1982) gave significant contribution to the psychodynamics of adolescence and Erik Erickson (1902-1994) called the “new” Freud but with an emphasis on ego (conscious) forces, termed as psychosocial theory (Craig & Dunn, p 11-13). Psychodynamics is the explanation or interpretation (as of behavior or mental states) in terms of mental or emotional forces or processes (www.merriam-webster.com)
The basis of this approach is that psychological factors play a major role in determining behaviour and shaping personality. Freud argued that personality is composed of three major systems the id, the ego, and the superego. The id (biological part of personality) is present at birth and consists of inherited instincts and all psychological energies. The id operates according to the pleasure principle, seeking to reduce tension, avoid pain and obtain pleasure. The ego (executive part of personality) is conscious part of the mind, the “real” us.
The psychoanalytic perspective grew out of subsequent psychoanalytic theories (1901, 1924, and 1940) following decades of interactions with clients with the use of an innovative procedure developed by Sigmund Freud that required lengthy verbal interactions with patients during which Freud probed deep into their lives. In a nutshell, the psychoanalytic perspective looked to explain personality, motivation, and psychological disorders by focussing on the influence of early childhood experiences, on unconscious motives and conflicts, and on the methods people use to cope with their sexual and aggressive urges. The Biological perspective on the other hand looks at the physiological bases of behaviour in humans and animals. It proposes that an organism’s functioning can be described in terms of the bodily structures and biochemical processes that cause behaviour. This paper attempts to examine the similarities and differences between the psychoanalytic perspective and the biological perspective with the key focus on the core assumptions and features of these perspectives as well as their individual strengths and weaknesses.
In this assignment I am going to introduce and unpack cognitive behavioural theory and psychodynamic theory. This will include the history of each theory and the theorists that discovered and developed both. I am going to link each theory to where they fit in Payne’s Triangle of Social Work as well as compare and contrast each theory. Both Cognitive behavioural theory and psychodynamic theory both support the purposes of social work in which I will cover beneath. This assignment will also include criticisms of both theories as well.
The second stage in the psychodynamic therapy process is, the transference stage. In this stage the development of treatment is set and now it is the patient’s time to let their feelings out. The patient expresses those feelings, emotions, fears, and desires to the therapist without having to worry about censorship. The feelings and behavior of the patient become more pronounced and become a vital part of the treatment itself. During this stage the therapist could experience and better understand of the patient’s past and how it impacted their behavior in the
First developed by Austrian physician Sigmund Freud, psychoanalysis has been expanded and revised by many. The main goal of psychoanalysis is to reduce internal conflicts like rigid ego-defenses or compulsive behavior that lead to emotional suffering. To do this, four techniques are used to uncover the unconscious roots of the brain: dream analysis, free association, analysis of resistance, and transference analysis
Personality is an individual’s characteristic pattern of feeling, thinking and acting. Psychodynamic theories of personality view human behavior as a dynamic interaction between the conscious mind and unconscious mind, including associated motives and conflicts (Myers & Dewall, pg# 572, 2015). These theories focus on the unconscious and the importance of childhood experiences. Psychodynamic theories are descended from Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis, which is his ideology of personality and the associated treatment techniques. Psychoanalysis attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts. This theory also includes the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions. He proposed that childhood sexuality and unconscious motivations influence personality. Freud’s historically significant psychoanalytic theory became part of the human cultural legacy.
The first feature, the id, feature of personality is the most common and everlasting element that exists since birth. It is completely unconsciousness and consists of natural and original behavior. As it is the main element of personality, id is considered the main source of psychic energy. According to Freud id is compelled by pleasure principle, which attempts for immediate satisfaction of desires and needs. It will result in a state of anxiety or strain if the needs are not satisfied immediately. Secondly, the ego is a component of personality in charge of dealing with reality. As stated by Freud, the ego progresses from Id and confirms the desires of the id, articulated in an acceptable manner in real life. The main function of ego is to handle conscious, preconscious and unconscious mind. It helps to satisfy needs of id in a socially suitable way. Besides, it supports to release tension with assistance of a process where an object found in reality is created by id’s p...