2013. Web. 09 Dec. 2013. http://pediatrics.about.com/od/childabuse/a/05_abuse_stats.htm Newton, C.J. "Child Abuse: An Overview." Effects of Child Abuse on Children: Abuse in General.
In 2004, The US Department of Health and Human Services estimate that 872,000 children were determined US victims of child abuse. Approximately 17.5 percent of the maltreatment victims were physically abused(Hmurovich). Every year, there are approximately three million children that are involved in cases of child abuse. Of that, about twenty-five percent are just cases of physical abuse(Lansford). The number of abused or neglected children that are killed each year went from 798 in 1985 to 1,185 in 1996(Bean Child).
To look at all types of studies & compare them & try to break them down to better understand them. The first things that should be understood are the characteristics of the offenders, the types of offenses, & some of the societal issues that are listed as possible causes of child abuse. Studies show that the characteristics of sexual abuse offenders are; dependent, inadequate individuals with early family histories characterized by conflict, disruption, abandonment, abuse, and exploitation. In 1997, over 3 million children were reported for child abuse and neglect to child protective service agencies in the U.S. These figures have gone up from year to year approximately 1.7% per year.
Overall, child abuse reporting levels have increased 45% between 1987 and 1996. In 1996, an estimated 1,046 child abuse and neglect related fatalities were confirmed by Child Protective Services, (CPS) agencies. Since 1985, the rate of child abuse fatalities has increased by 20%. Based on these numbers, more than three children die each day as a result of child abuse or neglect. In 1996, some states reported that almost 77% of these children that died were less than five years old at the time of their death, while 45% were under 1 year of age.
Child abuse comes in many other forms, such as physical abuse, sexual abuse, and often abuse that occurs but is not common will be labeled as “other”. In the 2014 published report “approximately 3.2 million children were subject to at least one report [of abuse]” and of those 3.2 million children, an estimated 1,580 were abused in such a way that resulted in their death. While the majority of these numbers are representative of a national problem, a little digging into the Children Bureau’s report revealed that in New York State alone in 2014, 188,058 children were investigated as having been victims of child abuse (p 44). To understand both national and local numbers and how they relate to the State of New York or anywhere else, we must first understand the different types of
Child Abuse Child abuse has been known one of the major destructions of lives in the society. National center for injury control and prevention for child maltreatment has made it known that over a million of children suffer from child abuse, while some children lose their lives from maltreatment. More than seven children die as a result of child abuse, and some programs have been developed in order to help children from being abused. There are only four major types of abuses: emotional abuse, sexual abuse, physical abuse and neglect. Child abuse has been found to have bad effects on the lives of the abused victims.
The United States has some of the worst statistics when it comes to child abuse. “It is currently estimated that one-third of all children are sexually abused before the age of 18” (Bogorad, 1998). Of these sexually abuse children most of them know their offender. Usually it is a family member or someone close to the family that is abusing the child. According to Bogorad (1998), “more 70 percent of offenders are immediate family.” This is the main reason why most children do not tell someone about being sexually abuse.
Of those reported, nearly 80% of perpetrators were parents. The most common types of child abuse are physical abuse, mental maltreatment and neglect, and sexual abuse (Olive, 2007). “Physical abuse includes scalding, beatings with an object, severe physical punishment, and a rare form of the abuse called Munchausen by proxy” (National Research Council, 1993, p. 59). Mental abuse is when there is a “continuing pattern of parental behavior that is psychologically destructive to the child” (Olive, 2007, p. 67). Neglect happens when a child is “ignored or left alone so much that their well-being is endangered, yet the parent is able, but fails to provide for their basic needs.” (Olive, 2007, p. 67).
According to a recent government national study, reported that more than 2.9 million reports was made to the child protective service in 2003, for maltreatment involving children. Abuse and neglect is estimated to be three times greater than the numbers reported to the child protective service. Every day more than four children die as a result of child abuse in the home or neglect. Maltreatment includes Neglect, Physical abuse, sexual abuse, psychological maltreatment, medical maltreatment and others. A study was done by the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and prevention), seventy-one percent of our children are being neglected, nineteen percent are being physically abuse, and ten percent are being sexually abuse.
Each year in the USA there are approximately one million reports of child maltreatment, about 25% relate to physical abuse and about 1000 children die of maltreatment each year (US Department of Health and Human Services 1999). During the past few decades, researchers have aimed at detecting the children, who are at high risk of becoming victims of abuse, so that appropriate interventions can be undertaken. The risk factors that have been emphasized include characteristics of the child, family, and social environment, and the relationship. One of the risk factors that have been widely studied is the parents’ upbringing, specifically whether he or she was abused as a child. This risk factor is often referred to as intergenerational transmission of child abuse.