Organ Donation and Transplantation

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Organ and tissue donation is life-saving and life transforming medical process wherein organs and tissues were removed from a donor and transplant them to a recipient who is very ill from organ failure. It is said that one organ can save up to 10 people and may improve the lives of thousands more (Australian Red Cross Blood Service, 2011). Most of the donated organs and tissues came from people who already died but in some cases, a living person can donate organs such as kidneys, heart, liver, pancreas, intestines, lungs and some tissues such as skin, bone, bone marrow and cornea (Health Resources and Services Administration, 2013) as well as blood, stem cells, and platelets (Taranto, 2012). Over 100,000 US citizens are waiting for an organ donation but unfortunately for many of them, they would not be receiving any calls for a suitable donor nor a second chance at life (Mayo Clinic). This research will tackle the history of organ donation and transplantations and its likely contributions for future medical advancements. 2. History of Organ Transplants 2.1 Early Ancient History The first organ transplants can be traced back to the ancient times where Ancient Greeks, Romans and Chinese myths features accounts of transplants accomplished by gods and healers which involves cadavers and animals though these claims were thought to be fictitious, Indian doctors may likely begun transplanting skin from one part of the body to another to repair wounds and burns around 800 B.C. It is during the 16th Century that Italian surgeon Gasparo Tagliacozzi, also referred to as the father of plastic surgery performed reconstruction of noses and ears by transplanting the patient’s own skin tissues from his arm to the patient’s nose and ears. He dis... ... middle of paper ... ...rom History in the Headlines Website: http://www.history.com/news/organ-transplants-a-brief-history Robson, N. (2010) Organ Transplants: an analysis of ethical, social and religious issues. Retrieved February 6, 2014 from cogprints.org/8083/1/Organ%20transplants.pdf‎ Taranto, S. (16 July, 2012) Organ Donations and Transplantation Fact Sheet. Retrieved from the Office of Women’s Health, US Department of Health and Human Services Website: http://womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/organ-donation.html#h Troug, R.D., Miller, F.G., and Halpern, S.D. (2013) The Dead-Donor Rule and the future of Organ Donation. N Engl J Med 2013; 369:1287-1289 Watson, C.J.E. and Dark, J.H. (2012) Organ Transplantation: Historical Perspective and Current Practice. British Journal of Anaesthesia. Retrieved from http://bja.oxfordjournals.org/content/108/suppl_1/i29.full
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