Human organ transplantation is known as the removal of a living tissue or organ from one individual by surgical operation, and it is placed into another individual, with the aim of improving the health of the recipient. It was started in the 1930s. In 1933, human renal graft was tried out by Voronoy, a Russian scientist, and it has vastly advanced since then. Human organ transplant is now viewed as treatment rather than experiments as they can now be performed more safely. This has been seen by the remarkable improvement on the medical care of patients with organ failures i.e heart disease, cirrhosis and renal failure.
Types of organ transplants
Cornea, face, hand, liver, heart, lung, pancreas and bone marrow are just some of the many organs that can be successfully transplanted. Kidney transplant is the most common and UK recorded 3257 kidney transplants in 2013. Human organ transplantation can occur from a dead (cadaver) or living donor. Living donors usually donate organs like the liver, which…show more content… This limitation has made it very crucial to understand why some people would oppose donation. Countries have become multicultural and many social, religious and cultural issues have been related to human organ donation and transplantation. It is of great importance to inform and educate donors and recipients how it works and how they will still survive. There is a great deal of misconception of organ donation and procurement and these misconceptions should be corrected. Some people believe that the donor’s body is mistreated and is mutilated whereas a surgical operation is done to remove the organs without disfiguring the body hence normal funeral arrangements are still possible. It has also been identified that there is a general fear among the community that, if involved in an accident, doctors would not try to save one’s life if he knows that the patient is a