Organ Transplant and Donation

1483 Words6 Pages
The human body; it starts off as a single cell, and grows into a complex machine made of seventy eight distinct organs, two hundred and six bones, and millions of nerves that all communicate with each other to regulate body processes and keep the machine alive and healthy. This seemingly perfect system undergoes countless attacks every day, and manages to recover from most, although occasionally, it can not. Diseases such as Cystic Fibrosis and Coronary Artery Disease, or abnormalities and defects such as biliary atresia, can all disrupt the function of human organs (“Transplant Australia”, n.d ). Thankfully, through radical advancements in modern medicine, organ transplants are a safe and highly viable option to restore the human body’s perfect harmony. No matter the reason for organ failure, once it occurs, the patient’s journey to receiving a new organ begins. Through the matching of organs, the process and the complications that come with it, the ethical issues, and trials of new advancements, the journey is a long one.
Organ donations can result from either living or deceased patients. Living transplants are often from one family member to another, and include kidney, parts of lungs and livers, small bowel and some tissue donations (“Organ Transplant-Overview”, n.d.). Donations from deceased patients occur after the donor has been classified as neurologically dead, and thus the organs are available for transplant to patients on the donor list. Neurological death is the accumulation of blood or fluid in the brain cavity, increasing inter cranial pressure and limiting the flow of oxygen to the brain (Olson, 2002). Once the brain has lost its supply of oxygen, it dies. Unlike other organs, such as the heart, the brain cannot...

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