It involves surgical process to remove a body organ and tissue form from donor and fitting it into the body of recipient. In addition, the transplant that is performed within same body is called auto graft. Medical transplant that is performed in between to different bodies of same species is called allografts (Hewitt, 2008). The main reason of medical transplantation and organ donation is any injury and disease which prohibit the organ to work in proper condition. Medical Transplant and Organ Donation; China and Canada There is an excessive level of organ recipients than organ donors.
Organ donation is the surgical removal of organs or a tissue of one person to be transplanted to another person for the purpose of replacing a failed organ damaged by disease or injury. Organs and tissues that can be transplanted are liver, kidneys, pancreas, heart, lungs, intestines, cornea, middle ear, skin, bone, bone marrow, heart valves, and connective tissues. Everyone regardless of age can consider themselves as potential donors. After one dies, he is evaluated if he is suited for organ donation based on their medical history and their age as determined by the Organ Procurement Agency (Cleveland Clinic). The main advantage of this medical surgery is that it is conceived for the purpose of saving people’s lives – one organ can save eight lives.
Currently medical professionals are able to transplant kidneys, livers, lungs, hearts, pancreas, intestines, cornea, skin, bone, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, veins, heart valves, and the middle ear. Before exploring the history of organ transplantation, we first must understand some important terminology. Some of the important groups intricate to organ transplantation are the recipients, donors, transplant team, United Network Organ Sharing (UNOS), and Organ Procurement Transplantation Network (OPTN). First, recipients are individuals whose organs are failing and received a donated organ from either a living donor or deceased donor. A living donor is a person who donates such organs as kidney, liver, lung, intestine, pancreas, and bone marrow.
In order for somebody to be able to donate organs after death, they have to be brain dead. Brain death can be caused by any injury that stops blood and oxygen from reaching the brain. Heart attacks can bring about brain death. So can strokes, which choke off the supply of blood to the brain. The brain can also die as a result of head injuries, blood clots and infections.
Organ donation has a process you must go through to become an organ donor, which can be done anytime in your life or can be a choice made by family or next of kin during end-stage of life. Myths of organ donation cause fear in people, and therefore don’t donate. Organ selling and theft is another problem with organ donation around the world but this essay will focus on the problem here in the United States. The process of organ donation starts with enrolling as a donor which you can register on the donor registry. If you then become ill or in an accident the hospital will do all they can to save your life but if it becomes impossible to save your life they can possibly use your organs for another once they do some other testing such as testing for brain death.
He dis... ... middle of paper ... ...rom History in the Headlines Website: http://www.history.com/news/organ-transplants-a-brief-history Robson, N. (2010) Organ Transplants: an analysis of ethical, social and religious issues. Retrieved February 6, 2014 from cogprints.org/8083/1/Organ%20transplants.pdf Taranto, S. (16 July, 2012) Organ Donations and Transplantation Fact Sheet. Retrieved from the Office of Women’s Health, US Department of Health and Human Services Website: http://womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/organ-donation.html#h Troug, R.D., Miller, F.G., and Halpern, S.D. (2013) The Dead-Donor Rule and the future of Organ Donation. N Engl J Med 2013; 369:1287-1289 Watson, C.J.E.
However, this problem can be overcome by reprogram these cells from mature state into embryonic stem cell like state which are called induced pluripotent stem cells. Further understanding in how to mix both embryonic and adult stem cells with hodgepodge of sugar molecules and fibers to create an environment for differentiation into variety of cell types may help in developing replacement tissue in medical field (Bryan Christie, 2013). In medical, the applications of animal tissue culture may help to overcome the heart failure problem. With the aging of population in America, heart failure is on the rise and almost five million people diagnosed with the disease and it continues to kill (Heart Failure and Transplant, n.d.). In future, cardiac stem cell may help to treat heart failure.
If a patient (or immediate family members) has consented to organ donation, understands the effects of Regitine, and gives consent f... ... middle of paper ... .... 6. Rothman, D. 1996. "Bodily Integrity and the Socially Disadvantaged: The traffic in Organs for Transplantation." In Organ and Tissue Donation; Ethical, legal, and policy issues. Speilman, B.
Organ donation is a process used by medical experts to transplant an organ from Donor to recipients who needs it (Mathew & Chapman 2006). There are two types of donating organs; living and after Donor’s death donation. Hence organs that can be transplanted are kidney, liver, thymus, Heart, pancreas, intestine and lung (Stevens, Lymn and Glass 2008). These organ donations can be transplanted to recipients from young to old age. However, there are significant bioethical issues surrounding organ donation; these include religious reasons, transmission of aids/diseases, rejection of organ in the recipients body, death of patient or donor during/after surgical operation, Xenotransplantation issue, physical and financial exploitation and consent of individual/guardianship for organ donation.