Organ Donation Case Study

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Organ donation is the process of removing an organ or tissue from organ donor and placing it into the recipient (Cleveland Clinic, 2015). This is important because donation of organs to the person whose organ has failed or has been damaged by disease or injury can get their life back after transplantation. But in todays ' world the number of recipient is more than the number of donor. The organ and tissues which can be transplanted in modern medicine are liver, kidney, pancreas, heart, lungs, intestine, cornea, middle ear, skin, bone marrow, heart valves, and connective tissues (Cleveland Clinic, 2015). There are different policies and reforms for organ transplantation and donation. There are four main types of rules governing the organ transplantation…show more content…
Federal regulation of organ donation and transplantation under title 42 has two main parts of transplantation which are Part 121 of Title 42 that describes the regulation of OPTN which is called Final Rule. This was implemented on October 21, 1999. This explains the regulation of OPOs and transplant hospitals under the heading of the center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (Crowe & Cohen, 2006). The OPOs and transplant hospitals paly main role to get Medicare and Medicaid coverage service but must be the member of the OPTN. The 42 CFR 121.4 list explains policies that OPTN is responsible which includes distribution of cadaveric organ, testing of donors to avoid the spread of infectious diseases, inequalities caused by socioeconomic status, and training of transplant surgeons and physicians. The section 121.5 of 42 explains the regulation followed by the OPTN members which includes the transplant hospitals members must list the name list for designated transplant program, guarantee the candidates declared for transplantation are listed, and OPTN member should pay a registration fee to OPTN those are in waiting list. The section 121.6 describes the requirements and test for determining the suitability of donated organs. The section 121.7…show more content…
I have seen several examples in my country the people and the society harming the people those who organ has been transplanted because of lack of education about the organ transplantation or some religious views. There must be fairness in all medical decision which could benefit patient equally. In case of organ donation, the person or the patient those who are in need of organ should be provided first even his name not in the merit list prepared by OPTN looking at the situation. In conclusion, for an organ donation in the United States different states have slightly different laws, rules and regulations. To donate and transplant both donor and recipient must follow the laws. There are organization who are involved in helping the patient those who are in need of organ by providing organ and fund for it. There are different ethical principles that should be followed by health care providers, hospitals and patient so there will not be any problem on the process of

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