Organ rejection and transmission of diseases during and after surgical operation increases bioethical issue surrounding organ donation. Rejectio... ... middle of paper ... ...also argue that opt-out system requires consent from individuals/families when donating organs and opt-out system reduces the mortality rate and waiting lists for recipients in Australia (Delriviere & Boronovskis, 2011). In conclusion, Mathew & Chapman (2006) defined organ donation as transplanting an organ from a healthy donor into the recipient whose organs are not functioning efficiently. However, there are variety of bioethical issues surrounding organ donation; these include rejection of organ in the recipient’s body, religious reasons, death of patient or donor during/after surgical operation, transmission of aids/diseases, and consent of individual/guardianship for organ donation, physical and financial exploitation of organ donation and Xenotransplantation issue. Due to bioethical issues, Australia does not require opt-out system regarding organ donations.
This limitation has made it very crucial to understand why some people would oppose donation. Countries have become multicultural and many social, religious and cultural issues have been related to human organ donation and transplantation. It is of great importance to inform and educate donors and recipients how it works and how they will still survive. There is a great deal of misconception of organ donation and procurement and these misconceptions should be corrected. Some people believe that the donor’s body is mistreated and is mutilated whereas a surgical operation is done to remove the organs without disfiguring the body hence normal funeral arrangements are still possible.
Moraine Park Health Center Utilization Review Plan 2013 Executive Summary Utilization management is a set of processes used to evaluate individual cases to determine the appropriate and effective use of medical services. The utilization review (UR) plan looks at treatment outcomes to see if the services provided were appropriate and cost effective. Moraine Park Health Center (MPHC) is required to have a utilization review (UR) plan in place to comply with federal regulations and maintain JCAHO accreditation (Spath, 2013, p.122, 123, 124). CMS Standard: • 42CFR482.30(c) (1) standard: Scope and frequency of review. “The UR plan must provide for review for Medicare and Medicaid patients with respect to the medical necessity of— • – (i) Admissions to the institution; • – (ii) The duration of stays; and • – (iii) Professional services furnished, including drugs and biologicals” (CMS, 2013).
c) Organ donations are for patients with kidney failure, heart disease, lung disease, and cirrohosis of the liver. For pati... ... middle of paper ... ...sed on medical criteria, and not age. e) I won’t really be dead when they sign the death certificate: when people are organ donors more tests are made to determine if the patient is really dead than those that are not organ donors. TRANSITION: Finally, I will discuss how to become an organ donor. IV.
Childress (2001), states that it is hard to define the nature of harm, for there are several types of harm. For example, if a healthcare provider does a transplant and the pain that is inflicted on that patient in the attempt to prevent death, then that healthcare provider has caused harm to avoid an even greater harm (p.4). Conclusion Ethical healthcare issues are unavoidable as long as we have healthcare organizations and healthcare professionals. Transplant allocation
Currently medical professionals are able to transplant kidneys, livers, lungs, hearts, pancreas, intestines, cornea, skin, bone, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, veins, heart valves, and the middle ear. Before exploring the history of organ transplantation, we first must understand some important terminology. Some of the important groups intricate to organ transplantation are the recipients, donors, transplant team, United Network Organ Sharing (UNOS), and Organ Procurement Transplantation Network (OPTN). First, recipients are individuals whose organs are failing and received a donated organ from either a living donor or deceased donor. A living donor is a person who donates such organs as kidney, liver, lung, intestine, pancreas, and bone marrow.
Organ transplants followed by blood into a donating organ transfusions, are ways medical procedures are helping better the lives of the patients. Organ transplantation is process of surgically transferring a patient with end-stage organ failure with a healthy compliant organ. This can be done when a patient’s organ has ceased working or when the organ does not meet its opportune function. In the article Organ Transplantation: The Process, the author claims that end-stage organ failure can be the product of cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary heart disease, cystic fibrosis, hepatitis, diabetes, hypertension, idiopathic pulmonary disease, and short gut syndrome.. Multiple organs can be transplanted at one time.
Donation is not able to keep up with demand. We have to take measures to ensure those in the most need are taken care of. We already allow people to sell eggs, sperm and blood why not other organs? I will attempt to show you that compensation for organs could reduce the time on the donor waiting list, lower crime rate by eliminating the need for a black market, and in general improve the quality of life for thousands of ill people. In the future we may have the technology to produce artificial organs for transplant.
These debates revolved around the determining factors that render a potential donor dead, issues regarding buying and selling organs, questions about choosing recipients based on race, religion, economic or social status (Troug), or deciding whether patients registered as DNR (do not resuscitate) should, in fact, not be revived so that his organs can be implanted in someone else. In response to these controversies, various laws have been enacted to ensure that organ donors and recipients are provided with care that is completely ethical (Sims). For Orthodox Jews, there is an added dimension to society’s moral issues that must be taken into account. Halacha is a set of laws sourced in the Bible and explained extensively in the Talmud. Halacha is designed to regulate every aspect of one’s life, and therefore, there are halachos that discuss potential issues related to organ donations.
The transplant center evaluates the patient’s health and mental status as well as the level of social support to see if the person is a viable candidate for an organ transplant. once a person is accepted as a transplant candidate, the patient must wait until suitable donor organs are found, Organs and tissues that can be donated and used for transplants include kidneys, lungs, heart,... ... middle of paper ... ...arts, lungs, livers, and other organ s. another major advance is deciding who can donate organ . starting with living donors and now including deceased and brain dead donors. the development of anti- rejection drugs has increased success in organ transplantations. immunosuppressant drugs have helped increase the success rate during the 1960s and 1970s.