As a free country that aimed to develop republicanism, the United States of America had to carry out several constitutional changes during the early period of development. Of course, there were several factors which contributed in shaping the United States of America during the early national period, and they occurred in political development, religious development, and economic development of the United States, the most important aspects of every modern country. Each of these three aspects were interconnected. Institutions and individuals working in these fields influenced the shaping of America and its Constitution after the Independence War. Although their main influences were the ideals that arose during Enlightenment, there were several obstacles in using ideals from the Age of Reason in creating a liberal republic, so several changes had to be made. The ideals that inspired the Revolution had to be influenced to create a functional reality-based system, not one created on ideals. The biggest influence in many political and economic decisions was the growing tension between the North and the South which fought constantly for interests, followed by the influence of religious groups on the Constitution. However, liberalism was still an important influence in objective political decisions on a federal level.
... a feme covert, a dependant. Jeanne Boydston paints a wholly different picture of Eighteenth Century America and women’s involvement in the burgeoning labor market. In The Woman Who Wasn't There: Women's Market Labor and the Transition to Capitalism in the United States Boydston points to the emphasis on household productivity in order to deal with an erratic economy. She tells us that by the mid-eighteenth century the flexible nature of “woman’s work” (which could be done at home, with tools that were readily available) gave rise to the role of wife as “deputy husband”. Though soon the growing linkage between what Boydston calls “independent manhood” and “economic agency” began to overwhelm. There was a reordering of the concept of gender in late eighteenth century America, and the concept of separate spheres that Linda Kerber eloquently debunks began to take hold.
Tilly, Louise A. "Women, Women's History, And The Industrial Revolution." Social Research 61.1 (1994): 115. MasterFILE Premier. Web. 4 May 2014.
The North and the South
The Pre-dawning of an American Tragedy
Economic, Social and Political Institutions
The Eastern regions of the United States experienced tremendous economic and social growth during the first decades of the nineteenth century. Encouraged by waves of work-hungry immigrants, business-friendly laws, and the promises of a resource-rich land, businessmen invested mightily in their schemes and plans for settling the new country before them.
The American economy enjoyed unprecedented growth for much of the 1800s. Capital, resources, land, and foreign labor were plentiful, and all these factors combined to engender fertile economic conditions for new generations of entrepreneurs and businessmen.
Beginning in the early 1800’s men, their wives and children made the voyage across to America, yet women might as well have been viewed as not a wife but another piece of land, just in a new country considering women’s duties were the same in both the east and the west. In both locations men and women were believed to be apart of “different spheres.” Barbara Welter elaborates on these spheres through her essay “The Cult of True Womanhood: 1820-1860” (1966). Welters describes the male sphere was focused around the world of the work force, ...
Evans, Eric J. The Forging of the Modern State: Early Industrial Britain. London and New York: Longman, 1996.
Throughout the history of the world, minorities and women have fought for equality, for equal opportunities as white protestant men. Women’s struggle can be seen from the beginning of civilization. It can been seen as early as the ancient Roman Empire, as the web-site, “The Roman Empire In the First Century” states that women received little, if no, education. They were subjects to the authority of man. As time went on, women’s rights did not improve at all. Throughout the entire world, women were treated as second class citizens to their superior male counterparts. This continued on through the ages; up until the Victorian Era in Britain did women try to denounce these thousand year old “rights of women.” Several brave women spoke out against the ways they were treated, these women included, Mary Wollstonecraft and Jane Austen. Both of these women felt the need to write about this situation of equality for women so they may encourage others to take up arms with them and fight for equality. From the two different texts written by Mary Wollstonecraft and Jane Austen, Mary Wollstonecraft’s “A Vindication of the Rights of Women” is the more radical of the two texts of the day due to Wollstonecraft covering a broader range of subject that women dealt with in her day.
During the Victorian Era, countless restrictions were placed on women, and equality was not a social norm. According to Margaret Strickland, “For Victorian women, the opportunity for employment was limited to roles sanctioned and contained by domesticity (governess, teacher, lady's companion/maid, etc.)” (Strickland). Nowadays women are admired for having the ability to fill various roles in the workplace, and it is deemed unconstitutional for a woman to not be given her rights. Women can be doctors, lawyers, businesswomen, congresswomen, etc. The list is endless, and the roles we play are no longer restricted to just a domestic life. This is what Louisa May Alcott was striving for; this individual freedom that is so easily a...
Block, Sharon, Ruth M. Alexander, and Mary Beth Norton. Major Problems in American Women's History. 5th ed. N.p.: Wadsworth Pub, 2013. Print.
Dublin, Thomas. Women at Work: the Transformation of Work and Community in Lowell, Massachusetts, 1826-1860. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979.