My Personal Theory Of Counseling

991 Words4 Pages
Values, Morals, and Beliefs are components that play a role in an individual’s self-identity. The establishment of these components shape human nature, behavior, and the development of an individual’s purpose. The basis of these fundamentals has contributed to my desire to become a counselor. This paper will discuss my views of human nature, factors of behavior changes, goals of therapy, the roles of a therapist, and the counseling approaches that I chose to incorporate in a practice. The understanding of human nature is the concept that there is a set of inherent distinguishing characteristics, including ways of thinking, feeling, and acting that all humans tend to possess (Winkler, 1996). My basic view of human nature correlates with Charles Darwin’s nature vs. nurture theory. Human nature is influenced by both nature and nurture. Nature is all that a man brings with himself into the world, and nurture is every influence that affects him after his birth. An individual’s morals, values, and beliefs are developed from the nurturing aspect of their life. The environment that an individual is raised in creates their human nature. Then they go through life developing more upon their own morals, values, and beliefs. The nature vs. nurture theory is an every changing concept, and I believe that human nature changes for each individual based on their life experiences. Human nature and behavior are forms of development. There are key factors that account for changes in behavior such as, physical, social, and intellectual. Physical factors are associated with an individual’s health and well being. For instance, if an individual has been infected by a disease or mental disorder their behavior will change. A person that suffers from d... ... middle of paper ... ...alization, independence, and self-realization (McWhirter & Ishikawa, 2005). This approach relates to my morals, values, and beliefs being that I believe the best way that a person can get through their issues are through their own realization of their faults. When a person discovers their issues on their own, I believe that they are empowered and motivated to become a better person. My personal theory and ideas of psychotherapy will develop as I become better experienced in the counseling profession. I will also develop a better understanding of myself. Works Cited Abel, Donald C., ed. Theories of Human Nature: Classical and Contemporary Readings. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1992. Kaplan, Morton A. Justice, Human Nature, and Political Obligation. New York: Free Press, 1976. Erford, B. (2010). Orientation to the counseling profession. New York: Pearson.
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