Migration And Brain Drain

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According to my research plan, my research topic is on migration and brain drain (with a case study on African students in Sweden). I will start by defining migration which is the area I am going to be researching on. According to Castle and Miller (2008), Migration is the process or means by which people move from one geographical location to another geographical location (Castle and Miller, 2009). However, migration plays a key role in the development of both developed and developing countries.
I will go further to state that Migration of people is not a new phenomenon, as people have always migrated from one country to another for various reasons. However, these movements may have certain enormous effect on the African continent, and it might also as well have a negative impact on the current development process that the region is undergoing (ILO, 2009). Apart from economic and war driven migrants (refugees); there is also another group of migrants (students) which are from different parts of Africa in search for better education abroad. The migration of Africans into Europe and America can be traced back to the 1960s, when large number of Africans migrated, engaging in an unprecedented expansion of access to education across Europe and America (Adepoju, 2004).
The increasing movement of people from Africa to other parts of the world has been credited to the advent of globalization by many researchers. Africa in general has experienced mass migration of people into other parts of the world due to various reasons. A number of these African migrants include students that are in search of education outside their country of origin; and my research intends to focus on this group of people. Students lea...

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... their studies, or remain in Sweden and try to start a new life. The push factor plays a big role in this process of decision making; and this is because many African students that are leaving politically unstable countries or low economic countries, are often captured by the opportunities that they hope to achieve here in Sweden, rather than returning to Africa were the hope of having such opportunities are often very low. Furthermore, The push factor can also be considered as playing a larger role on why these students have decided to leave their country in exchange for a life in Sweden because many of them actually did not know much about Sweden before coming; but they just had the notion that the life in Europe would be far-more better than the one they had back in Africa, and the opportunities they stand to gain here is Sweden would be more than that in Africa.

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