Leading up until the invasion of Poland 1939, no policy leader, although France had a better idea than Britain, knew what Hitler’s objectives were and perceived that once Germany had reclaimed what it had lost under the Treaty of Versailles, Germany would end its annexation, it was not understand in the lead up years that Germany desired to dominate Europe. Morality played a significant part in the adoption of appeasement in 1938. Although the Treaty of Versailles was at first seen as just, at a later date many in Britain perceived the treaty as immoral and as a way for France to cripple Germany. Not only did this create Franco phobia in Britain but it also created a pro-German stance across Britain for instance religious groups at first saw the treaty as fair but ultimately saw it as unchristian. Therefore, not only did it lessen the ties between Britain and France on a moral standing but it also allowed Britain to rationalise that the fascist Germany was only trying to regain what was lost in the treaty and at the same time safeguard themselves against economic depressions.
The policy was based on the League of Nations dealing with any countries, which were too powerful, but as the League of Nations failed, so did the ... ... middle of paper ... ...horrors. The British people also did not want war, and so were pressurising Chamberlain to avoid it. And at this time, Britain was unable to afford to rearm due to economic pressure. But the majority of these reasons are hardly to do with Chamberlain personally, as they had been forced upon him. In 1939 Chamberlain had given the Sudetenland to Hitler, this gave Hitler more confidence to attack more countries and to spread out further.
After the treaty of Brest- Litovsk revealed the subordinate position of the Bolshevik regime toward Germany, the situation changed. The nationalists started to realize that Lenin could urge for peace but could not enforce it and that he could preach the liberation of the nationalities but could not help them in their struggle for freedom. Wilson , on the other hand, was the president of the strongest nation on Earth and therefore, the nationalists finally realized that they would have more chances by siding with Wilson instead of Lenin (even though that this meant that they didn’t agree with 80% of what he preached). To show the world that he was willing to go as far as Lenin in the peace quest, Wilson decided to make the “Fourteen Points”. The “Fourteen Points’’ was nothing more than a statement declaring that the WWI was being fought for a moral cause and calling for postwar peace in Europe – changing completely Wilson’s previous statement of “peace without victory’’.
Each of the 'Big Three' had different aims which had to be modified in order to reach an overall agreement and the Germans were not even allowed to take part in the negotiations. Germany was humiliat... ... middle of paper ... ...like they were cheated by Britain and USA. There were also mixed reactions in France as some were satisfied but nobody felt the treaty was too harsh. 3. USA: They felt like the treaty was not completely fair and in some sort of way just wanted to spread democracy and make sure there was no such war in the future.
While there were many other smaller countries on both sides, the war ended with the central powers’ only remaining super power being Germany. When the war finally... ... middle of paper ... ...gs aided the beginning of World War II, causing the exact opposite of the goal of the treaty. It seems that by failing to attempt to make peace with the enemy, and instead hoping to weaken him, the Allies did nothing more then cause more violence. In this case it seems the moral path was the correct path. If the big four had decided to assist Germany in it’s rebuilding they might have gained a powerful ally, but instead they created an enemy.
Germany's Objections to the Treaty of Versailles Subsequent to the German government conceding defeat in World War I, Britain, America and France wrote up a treaty that Germany had no option but to sign. This treaty was the Treaty of Versailles and was widely considered to be one of the harshest treaties ever written. The German public obviously had many objections to the terms of the treaty and this essay will discover what these objections are and how far they are justified. Article 231 of the treaty was the 'War guilt clause'. Although this clause did not technically affect Germany economically or social it was the clause that the Germans resented the most as it stated that Germany was fully reasonable for the War.
There was a general feeling that Germany had genuine grievances. Hitler claimed that Germans who were living outside Germany had a right to self-determination. It was believed that the policy of appeasement would promote Anglo-German friendship remove grievances. Other scholars argue that there was no alternative to the policy of appeasement as most countries were not prepar... ... middle of paper ... ...t, Hitler believed that the British government would reconsider its policy of appeasement. He thus decided to invade Poland on September 1st 1939, on 3rd, British declared war against Hitler (Scaife 121).
Berghahn believed that - 'war was a necessity for German survival', Which is like the thoughts of Fischer. The other Historians believed along the same lines as Fischer - That Germany was to Blame with the Thoughts of Weltpolitic, Militarism, The Schliffen Plan and Germany's imperial aims in creating the tension in Europe. Other Historians believe that Germany should not take the full responsibility for there were other countries that contributed. For example - 'the first World War was the third Balkan war got out of control', which tells us that Germany didn't have much to do with the start of World War One as the Balkan wars were only to do with the countries in the Balkan's.
But after this was done President Wilson was urged back home to serious hostility. Directed by Lodge, the irreconcilables and the Battalion of Death destined the treaty and it's envisioned foreign entanglements, particularly with France. So the effect of all these would be that America would be forced to help fight another German invasion [DA]. Every thing wasn't all dandy when introducing the treaty either. Once the Treaty of Versailles was introduced to the community many liberals were not pleased with what it contained and covered.
French Foreign Policy and the Coming of War During this critical time not much attention was turned to France, as the entire spotlight was on Chamberlain’s policy of appeasement and Hitler’s aims. The Orthodox view of France was described as of a deeply divided and politically unstable country, which was obsessed with security and defense. France was definitely not ready for war, and therefore eagerly agreed to the policy of appeasement. It preferred negotiating with Germany at this stage rather than fighting it. The other reason for why France was standing up behind Britain so much and tried to never argue with it was because France was scared of losing British support if war with Germany would arise.