GMD And CCW

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Compare and contrast the attitudes of GMD and CCP to the first united front. (1924-27) The first united front was an alliance between Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China, formed to confront the Chinese warlordism in 1924. The Kuomintang (later referred as GMD) is the Chinese nationalist party established by Sun Yat-Sen in 1912 while Chinese Communist Party (later referred as CCP) was founded in 1921. The alliance set a National Revolutionary Army for the Northern Expedition in 1926. In 1927, during the expedition, Chiang Kai-shek purged the communists; and as the result the first united front ended. In this paper, the attitudes of GMD and CCP to the first United Front will be compared and contrasted. As the part of united front, the attitudes of alliance to the Northern Expedition will be discussed. First of all, GMD and CCP were held together by their common enemy, warlordism. Both GMD and CCP were revolutionary parties that wanted to put an end to the warlordism. For more than a decade, the warlords ruled their own territory throughout China and used military force to keep their power. The ultimate goal of the alliance is to unify China; and they thought that the party could not defeat the warlords alone. To achieve this goal, GMD and CCP set the National Revolutionary Army and established the Northern Expedition in 1926. However, under the surface, self-interests belied. The Chinese communist wanted to gain support among urban workers, peasants, and students through superiority of numbers in GMD and the nationalist movement without provoking non-communists. To achieve their goal, the GMD joined CCP as individual. Regarding the aim of GMD in the first united front, Sun Yat-sen, as the leader of GMD, underestimated ... ... middle of paper ... ... defeated. GMD wanted to take control of communist whereas the CCP aimed to spread communism. These different ambitions of the two parties made unstable and eventually led the first united front to fall apart. The both parties commonly had discords between the party members. In GMD, some members did not wish to cooperate with the new ally while members among CCP disagreed on behalf of joining in GMD and the timing of the Northern Expedition. Particularly, GMD went through great changes in the attitude towards the CCP after the establishment of the first united front. GMD was divided left wing and the wring wing over the authority of CCP members in the party. Also, after Sun Yat-sen’s death, Chiang Kai-shek eventually betrayed the CCP in the Shanghai White Terror. Against the GMD, CCP however was not keen to catch the sign of the terror and respond successfully.

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