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The Political Spectrum

explanatory Essay
995 words
995 words
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The Political Spectrum

Conservatism

- This type believes in conserving the present political, social and economic order as much as possible

- It takes the traditions of that time and only changes them gradually and not very

Frequently

- Monarchies, aristocracies and the churches made up the main areas of conservatism

- They believed that they were surrounded by well-organized enemies (other political parties) they felt defensive about Liberalism, nationalism and popular sovereignty

- In the 1990's conservatism strife to reduce the size of government, reduce public spending, reform the taxation laws to encourage investments, deregulate business to promote economic growth, and manage the fiscal and monetary sides of the economy

- Conservatism is essentially the defense of economic individualism against the growth of a welfare state.

- During the twentieth century conservatism lost their faith in a central government and focussed on the rights of property, independent of the state, and the rights of individuals to be free of government interference

- It takes the traditions of that time and only changes them gradually and not very

Frequently

- Believes that a society is complex because of the many elements involved in it, which

Can make it seem very unpredictable

- Incorporate change without unwanted side effects

- A conservative ruler does not like a lot of philosophy and dislikes petitions,

Proclamations or declarations of rights, which the liberals do

- Two contributor's to conservatism were Benjamin Disraeli (Britain) and Joseph de

Maistre (France)

- Father of conservatism (although he never u...

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...world of free of limits on the responsible individual, the greatest economic well-being for all and increasing control over natural and social environment

- Liberalism is a form of political structure where the powers of the government are limited against the people and their property

- the main function of the state is to protect the rights of the citizens

- These rights are natural rights, petitions, bills of rights, declarations of the rights of man etc.

- some liberal programs, seek to place constraints on governmental power

- this may be achieved through a parliamentary system of government or a constitutional monarchy of through the separation of governmental powers into agencies such as executive, legislative and judiciary, the classical example being the U.S, government

- -Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, is usually viewed as liberals

In this essay, the author

  • Opines that a society is complex because of the many elements involved in it.
  • Explains burke believed that governments should act of the need to be practical, not theoretical.
  • Explains that socialists believe that political and social equality is achieved through a centrally planned economy.
  • Explains that it is also individual because workers are no longer a collective mob of alienated non-owners employed by minority owners.
  • Opines that every individual can participate to the fullest extent in the intellectual, cultural, and political society.
  • Explains that the party has only been marginally successful at the federal level, but in provinces they have been the government.
  • Explains that the role of government is to allow individuals to reach self-fulfillment and provide wellbeing.
  • Explains that the separation of governmental powers into agencies, such as executive, legislative, and judiciary, can be achieved through a parliamentary system of government, or constitutional monarchy.
  • Explains that this type believes in conserving the present political, social and economic order as much as possible. it takes the traditions of that time and only changes them gradually.
  • Explains that conservatism is essentially the defense of economic individualism against the growth of a welfare state.
  • Explains that socialist societies are more bureaucratic and have less production than a capitalist state.
  • Opines that economic growth should be started through government investment in an economy made up of public and private enterprise.
  • Explains that liberalism came out of the revolt against the oligarchic government in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
  • Explains that liberals work toward a world free of limits on the responsible individual, the greatest economic well-being for all, and increasing control over natural and social environment.
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