...ation of the Roman principate, the constitutional problem that Caesar failed to solve. Caesar had started as a consul and had formed the first triumvirate with Crassus and Pompey. They had taken over the Roman civilization and had controlled for a while. When Crassus was killed and agreement was made. Pompey and Caesar were supposed to give up their military and enter the city of Rome to find a real ruler. Pompey was in on the deal and he was supposed to take over. Caesar knew that if he entered the city of Rome without his troops he would be killed by Pompey and so he crossed the Rubicon with his troops and attacked Rome. He took over as a dictator for life and gained a lot of power. He was able to run a strong military and even though he was considered only a dictator he wrote laws that actually made him have the same powers as a king. The conspirators saw the problem that had arised and so they planned the murder of Caesar on the Ides of March. Caesar was killed and there was another triumvirate formed. Caesar was a strong military leader that had showed strength and courage to take over the town and he was able to form a civilization that was strong militarily and politically.
Gaius Julius Caesar, born 100 B.C.E. in Rome to the impoverished patrician Julian Clan, knew controversy at an early age. Nephew to Populare Gaius Marius, he was earmarked by the Optimate dictator Sulla for prosciption after his refusal to divorce his Populare wife, Cinna. Fleeing Rome, and not returning until after Sulla’s resignation in 78 B.C.E, upon his return he gained a position as a pontificate, an important Roman priesthood. Slowly but surely throughout his lifetime he worked his way up the political ladder, eventually becoming Consul, and finally Dictator Perpeteus – Dictator for life. One of the most influential political and military leaders of all time, Caesar was also a highly intelligent man and an exceptional orator. However, acquiring this absolute power was no mean feat, and Caesar had well equipped himself through previous expeditions with all the resources necessary to gain power in Ancient Rome.
Most notably, two of his generals, Antony and Lepidus, were members of the second triumvirate. Some of his assassins even rose to prominence serving under him, like Decimus Brutus . And of course, Octavian could begin his rise to power because Caesar adopted him posthumously in his will. Even though a dead man could not adopt someone, Gaius Octavius changed his name and became Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, and his position as Caesar 's son was incredibly important for him in the coming civil
Julius Caesar was born in Rome on the 12/13th of July, 100 BCE. His father, Gaius Caesar died when Julius was only sixteen and as a result of this tragedy, Julius became very close to his mother Aurelia. His family had noble patrician roots, even though they were neither rich nor authoritative in this period. Julius was well educated, learning different languages and persuasive speech which later in his career was very beneficial. Many sources suggest that Julius Caesar lived a very happy and enjoyable childhood. At the age of eighteen, Julius married his first wife Cornelia, who was the daughter of a powerful politician in Rome. Together they had a daughter, Julia. At the age of 25, Julius Caesar’s life was in danger when he was captured by pirates. Shortly after his escape, Julius began his career within the military and he was awarded for his bravery.
Julius Caesar, a man born in around 12 to 13, 100 BC, was considered the start of a new legacy in the history of Rome. Participating in several wars, becoming dictator after forming multiple military alliances, to being assassinated on the Ides of March, Julius Caesar was a politically-flexible, popular leader of the Roman Empire. (Julius Caesar Biography, April 23, 2014) Although Caesar’s birth was never confirmed on the exact date, he was born and raised by his mother, Aurelia, and by his father, Gaius Julius Caesar. (Julius Caesar: Historical Background, April 23, 2014)
Caesar was the last descendant of the ancient clan of the Julii, but although they were patricians and intermarried with other senatorial families, they were totally poor. He was educated in rhetoric, philosophy and law, like other patricians. But after his near brush with death did the eighteen-year old youth decide to enter the army.
Afterwards, Caesar’s friends came around to pay the ransom and the pirates, they released him to go and spend their money as they wish. But that didn’t mean it was over for Caesar; after the pirates ran away they were captured and put in prison for their crime at the hand of Caesar. “Caesar [then] took the pirates out of prison and...
In 509 B.C. the Romans declared themselves a republic, free from rule of the Etruscan kings. (“The Rise of…”) From that point on, the Roman’s form of government would never include the title of “king”, in fear that a single person would gain absolute power. The republic included a dictator (in emergencies), the senate, two consuls, and several other positions. (Bishop) Although the goal of creating a republic was to have a government that represented the wishes of its people, the Roman senate consisted of men of wealth or power, leaving most of the plebeians, or common people, out of the picture. Many of the emperors’ policies strengthened the power of the government, and therefore weakened the power of the plebeians. By the end of Sulla’s rule in 78 B.C., grain prices had risen substantially and there was large gap between the rich and poor. (“The Rise of…”) When Julius Caesar took power, he initiated several reforms that were much needed at the time. Caesar spent large volumes of money on entertaining the citizens, while expanding citizenship to people of conquered lands and lessening the power of the senate. His policies threatened the method of income of senators and around 60 senators, in the name of saving the republic, murdered Julius Caesar at a senate hearing in 44 B.C. Civil war then erupted in Rome and lasted over a decade. At the end of the blood brawl, it was Octavian who emerged victorious; he would be the first Roman Emperor and would be known as Augustus. (Morey) Although the “Liberators” (Julius Caesar’s assassins), might not have realized it, the day that Julius Caesar died was the same day that the republic died; t...
Julius Caesar was born into a political family where his father expected him to take a career in the lower part of politics. When Caesar’s father dies he realizes that money runs the political machine in Rome. He then seeks to gain political power by acquiring relationships with political figures that were against the current Roman Dictator Sulla. This gets Caesar caught, eventually pardoned, and set free. He then went into exile.
Caesar was a fortunate man; he had lived in a great city, seen much of the western world, loved a foreign queen and accumulated enormous wealth. In a world where most rarely left their villages and were always under the shadow of debt, famine, and conquest, Gaius Julius Caesar was privileged. Throughout Caesar’s life, he effectively displayed great political and military skill and an undeniable ability to use propaganda to promote himself. Despite his overconfidence and great abilities, he was blind to any threats posed by the Senate. Caesar had come to believe that he was invincible. The senators had become increasingly tired of Caesar’s arrogance and was determined to put a stop to his rule. Ever since Caesar became powerful, he had consistently ignored the senators. This elimination of the Senate’s power was enough to significantly upset its members. A conspiracy was born and Caesar’s unavoidable assassination took place on March 15, in front of the Senate steps. Caesar died with his head hidden in his toga, his pride evident even in his death.