He also did significant work in electrochemistry, stating the First and Second Laws of Electrolysis. This laid the basis for electrochemistry, another great modern industry. The research that established Faraday as the foremost experimental scientist of his day was, however, in the fields of electricity and magnetism. In 1821 he plotted the magnetic field around a conductor carrying an electric current; the existence of the magnetic field had first been observed by the Danish physicist Hans Christian Oersted in 1819.
Historical Development of Atomic Structure Yazan Fahmawi Sept. 30, 1995 T3 IBS Chemistry Ms. Redman The idea behind the "atom" goes back to the Ancient Greek society, where scientists believed that all matter was made of smaller, more fundamental particles called elements. They called these particles atoms, meaning "not divisible." Then came the chemists and physicists of the 16th and 17th centuries who discovered various formulae of various salts and water, hence discovering the idea of a molecule. Then, in 1766 was born a man named John Dalton born in England. He is known as the father of atomic theory because he is the one who made it quantitative, meaning he discovered many masses of various elements and, in relation, discovered the different proportions which molecules are formed in (i.e.
The tesla is the SI derived unit of magnetic field strength or magnetic flux density, commonly denoted as B. One tesla is equal to one weber per square metre, VOLT The volt is the derived unit for electric potential, electric potential difference, and electromotive force. One volt is defined as the difference in electric potential between two points of a conducting wire when an electric current of one ampere dissipates one watt of power between those points. Alessandro Volta (February 18, 1745 – March 5, 1827) was an Italian physicist who was known for inventing the battery. Volta is also known for making discoveries on electrostatics and meteorology.
Niels Henrik David Bohr was born in Copenhagen on October 7, 1885. His parents were Christian Bohr and Ellen needeler which where genius. Niels had a younger brother named Harold. Christian Bohr was an eminent physociolgist and was responsible for sparking Niels and Harold’s interests in physics while they were still in school. Their mother, Ellen needeler, came from a family distinguished in the field of education.
MAX PLANCK Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, a German theoretical physicist, won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1918 at the age of sixty. Planck is often referred to as the father of Quantum Theory thanks to his revolutionary discoveries regarding light and energy and how his discoveries led to the creation and growth of the Quantum Theory. In the early 1900 ‘s Planck theorized that oscillating atoms absorb and emit energy not in a continuous fashion, but rather, in discrete packets of light that would later be known as “quanta” and eventually “photons”. Furthermore, he created an equation that could model the energy of each photon.  Planck’s work opened the doors of discovery for other physicists such as Einstein to build upon these theories and complete the quantum theory we now know and love to learn about.
Smith, Crosbie. “Natural Philosophy and Thermodynamics: William Thomson and ‘The Dynamical Theory of Heat’.” The British Journal for the History of Science. 9.3 (1976): 293-319. Print. “The Great Transatlantic Cable.” American Experience.
Ernest Rutherford Ernest Rutherford is considered the father of nuclear physics. Indeed, it could be said that Rutherford invented the very language to describe the theoretical concepts of the atom and the phenomenon of radioactivity. Particles named and characterized by him include the alpha particle, beta particle and proton. Even the neutron, discovered by James Chadwick, owes its name to Rutherford. The exponential equation used to calculate the decay of radioactive substances was first employed for that purpose by Rutherford and he was the first to elucidate the related concepts of the half-life and decay constant.
Ernest Rutherford also known as The Lord Rutherford of Nelson, born on the 30/08/1871, was born in Brightwater, Tasman District, New Zealand and is renowned as the father of nuclear physics and is considered the greatest experimentalist. He succeeded in differentiating between alpha and beta radiation, at McGill University. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work into the disintegration of elements and the chemistry of radioactive substances. In addition, he set forth the laws of radioactive decay. He completed his first degree at the University of New Zealand and began teaching at a school in New Zealand, where he taught unruly pupils.
CHE-1 (2), 2003. 2) J.J. Thomson (1897), Cathode rays, Philosophical Magazine, 44, 293 — The classic measurement of the electron mass and charge 3) Thomson, George Paget. (1964) J.J. Thomson: Discoverer of the Electron. Great Britain: Thomas Nelson & Sons, Ltd. 4) Navarro, Jaume, 2005, "Thomson on the Nature of Matter: Corpuscles and the Continuum," Centaurus 47(4): 259-82. 5) Nobel Lectures, Chemistry 1901-1921, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1966
Kelvin first defined the absolute temperature scale in 1847, which was later named after him. In 1851 he published the paper, "On the Dynamical Theory of Heat", and in the same year was elected to the Royal Society. This work contained his ideas and version of the second law of thermodynamics as well as James Joule’s idea of the mechanical equivalent of heat. This idea claimed that heat and motion were combined, which now is taken as second nature. At the time, heat was thought to have been a fluid of some kind.