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Industrial Revolution Essay

explanatory Essay
2157 words
2157 words
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The Anthropocene marks a point in time where human activities were able to greatly alter the environment, some historians believe that it marked the point in time where the industrial revolution began (1700CE to 1900CE). The Industrial revolution essentially was mankind’s breakthrough into modernity, the rapid advancements in technology and the utilisation of fossil fuels gave man a seemingly infinite supply of energy that could be used to transform manual processes into automated ones which was a massive game changer for the manufacturing, communications and transportation industries.(1) Historians have often been perplexed by the fact that the industrial revolution began in Great Britain and quickly spread throughout Europe, but did not develop in any other regions around the world, which is odd because we have seen such equally important advancements in fields like agriculture which developed in various places around the world independently because it was an important new source of energy that was needed to sustain larger communities. (2) This paper will focus on the circumstances of Great Britain how the revolution spread throughout Europe and why the revolution didn’t occur in the relatively advanced country of China. Great Britain before the Industrial Revolution Prior to the Industrial Revolution Great Britain was a relatively advanced country with a small population compared to China, workers had relatively high living standards when compared to Asian workers.(3) Britains economy before the revolution was strong, business restrictions were virtually nonexistent with most companies being free enterprises and the government often backed local business through the funding of projects. (3) The strong economy of Britain and th... ... middle of paper ... ...erimental science, instead they relied on experience for their advancements. The Chinese did not have a scientific revolution because the governing body did not encourage intellectuals to invest the manpower and resources needed for scientific research.(8) Ultimately the reason why the Industrial Revolution occurred in Britain was circumstantial it merely had the right conditions at play at the right time, the relatively relaxed government, trade routes and investment in education is what ultimately made Britain very successful and the home of industrialization. Unfortunately for the Chinese who were great innovators for their time could not adapt quickly and didn’t have the conditions needed for such a revolution. The large population size and lack of education where the main contributing factors that killed any chance of a scientific and industrial revolution.

In this essay, the author

  • Outlines some factors that prevented china's explosion of technological advancement. historians have a host of ideas as to why revolution never occurred in china.
  • Explains that coal is an easily identifiable material that is abundant in china. the major coal seams were located in northern china and were not utilised because 75% of the chinese population and business had moved from the north to the south.
  • Explains that the industrial revolution was all about exploiting new energy sources that could further be exploited in such a way that it would replace some workers. the chinese didn't have this problem, in fact their surplus of workers would have prevented industrialization.
  • Explains that the relatively poor people of china had a considerably lower standard of living, the workers weren't paid nearly as much as their british counterparts because there was no shortage of labour.
  • Explains that the chinese heavily relied on rice and the europeans heavily on wheat crops, which needed ploughing and turning millstones to break the wheat up. the chinese did not heavily rely on farm animals as the primary forms of sustenance.
  • Explains that the proximity of britain to europe meant immigrants could readily travel, the mix of people allowed them to collaborate and design new technologies. lack of collaboration and absence of scientific communities in china would have severely impeded their ability to become an industrious nation.
  • Explains that the anthropocene marks a point in time where human activities were able to greatly alter the environment. the industrial revolution was mankind's breakthrough into modernity.
  • Explains that britain's economy before the industrial revolution was strong, business restrictions were virtually nonexistent and the government often backed local business through funding of projects.
  • Explains that before the industrial revolution, britain was running out of timber forests to burn and use as a source of energy.
  • Explains that the first machine which utilized steam power and converted it to mechanical energy was created by thomas newcomen and was called the atmospheric engine.
  • Explains that the relative proximity to france and other neighboring european countries meant it was easy for technological advancements to spread, resulting in a continent sprawling with industrial societies.
  • Explains that china's contribution to science and technology was remarkable, despite the industrial revolution never originating in china.
  • Argues that a revolution requires an "ingredients" for it to occur, which the british and the chinese did not.
  • Opines that the industrial revolution occurred in britain because of the right conditions at play, the relatively relaxed government, trade routes, and investment in education.
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