Characteristics of Modernism in Jewel in the Crown and Heart of Darkness A Modern novel, Jewel in the Crown, by Paul Scott, depicts the latter stages of imperialism's erosion and explores it through the lives of individuals and their relationships as symbolic of larger societal conflicts and political events. Jewel was written well into the 20th Century and employs thematic concepts and literary forms characteristic of Modernism, as well as being significant in its literary-historical context of the decline of British Imperialism/post- colonialism in India. "Some of the major issues to which twentieth century literature responded in ways generally known as 'Modernism' are: a growing awareness of a variety of cultures which had differing but cogent world-views; exploitation of other cultures and races, and a society built on power and greed" (Lye, 1996). The fact that Modern literature explored these issues with more scrutiny, candor, and depth than previous literary eras. "This is the story of rape, of the events that led to it and followed it and of the place in which it happened" (Scott, 1966).
Preminger, Alex Brogan, T. V. Brogan & V. F. Terry (1993) The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. 3rd edition. London: Princeton University Press/Macmillan. Sorrell, M. (2000) Rhyme’s wrongs: dealing with Verlaine’s rhymes in English. In M. Salama-Carr (ed.)
J... ... middle of paper ... ... U.S.A: Pearson Custom Publishing, 2002. Langbaum, Robert “The Epiphanic Mode in Wordsworth and Modern Literature.” New Literary History Vol. 14 (1983): 335-358. JSTOR. University of Dayton, Roesch Library.
In his essay dated 1968, Roland Barthes sought to convince the individual reader that the author is obsolete; writers only have the capacity to draw upon existing themes (or structures) and reassemble them in a different order. This typically structuralist view completely defies a writer's ability to express himself through unique, individual stories leading many to term the approach as 'anti-humanistic'. Barthes clearly drew influence from Northrop Frye, author of 'Anatomy of Criticism', who outlined these repeated narratives as the comic, romantic, tragic and ironic. In turn these corresponded respectively to the four seasons, compiling what Terry Eagleton refers to as 'a cyclical theory of literary history'. It would seem through this that Frye achieved his ultimate aim, by creating a critical theory that was objective and systematic.