Hypertension Essay

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Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure is a medical condition where the arteries are constantly experiencing high blood pressure due to the force exerted on the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood throughout the body.
Hypertension is considered a “silent killer” as it may not exhibit obvious signs and symptoms while it is slowly damaging the organs or causing several illnesses, such as damage to the renal arteries (renal artery stenosis), stroke, retinopathy, cardiac arrthymias, coronary artery disease and heart failure.
Hypertension is diagnosed by measuring the blood pressure by a device known as the sphygmomanometer. Blood pressure is taken and presented by the systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. The systolic and diastolic numbers will be recorded and compared to a chart of values. At the same time, doctor would also ask for patient’s family history of hypertension and the associated risk factors such as high cholesterol food intake.
The doctor might also conduct a physical examination to confirm the diagnosis. This is carried out by listening...

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