The second or bottom number is diastolic pressure. This measures the pressure of the arteries when the heart is resting and refilling with blood (American). These measurements help gauge healthy pressure levels, and normal blood pressure falls anywhere below 120/80. The more pressure in the arteries, the harder the heart has to work, and higher risks for serious health problems may occur. This can sound like an exaggeration of probable health problems, but considering that one in three American adults has high blood pressure, there are millions of people at... ... middle of paper ... ...bMD, 27 Aug. 2013.
The general symptoms of this disease are increased thirst and polyuria,which means that within 24 hours there is a urine production of at least 3+ liters, as well as glycosuria,which is the presence of glucose in urine. Many patients also lose a lot of weight or suffer from blurry vision. If untreated, the worst cases of diabetes mellitus can cause ketoacidosis, in which the body produces acidic ketones from fatty acids due to a lack of insulin (usually in diabetes mellitus type 1). In type 2, a hyperosmolar and hyperglycemic state can result from high blood sugar, which dehydrates the body and increases cell osmolarity. Both complications may lead to death.
08 Apr. 2014., J, Michael.. "Diabetes Treatment, Part 2: Oral Agents for Glycemic Management." Clinical Diabetes 4(2007):131. eLibrary. Web. 08 Apr.
Alcohol has many negative effects on the human body, Alcohol effects: Heart, consuming alcohol on a consistent basis will severely damage heart in ways such as: stretching and decrease in heart muscle (known as Cardiomyopathy), Arrhythmias- which m... ... middle of paper ... ...ad to drinking and driving, unintended sexual activity, violence, or other dangerous behaviors Two-thirds of the high school-age students who drink do so to the point of intoxication. Approximately 17 percent of men and 8 percent of women will be dependent on alcohol in their lifetime. Men are consistently more likely than women to drink in excess and are two times more likely to be involved in a fatal alcohol-related car accident. There are roughly 80,000 deaths that are related to alcohol abuse every year, making it the third highest cause of death in the U.S. Alcohol abuse can lead to long-term health issues like cardiovascular disease, cancer of the throat, liver, or mouth, anxiety and depression, dementia, liver disease, and much more. Alcohol poisoning is a short-term consequence of drinking in excess which can cause a loss of consciousness, coma, or death.
[online] Available at: http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_body/body_basics/endocrine.html\ [Accessed 10 Nov. 2014]. Diabetes.co.uk, (2014). The Endocrine System and Diabetes - Pancreas, Liver & Kidneys. [online] Available at: http://www.diabetes.co.uk/body/endocrine-system.html [Accessed 10 Nov. 2014]. Diabetes-info.co.uk, (2014).
Drinking heavily the night before can cause people to have a hangover the following day. Between 2007 and 2008, more than 30,000 people were admitted to hospital due to alcohol poisoning. Alcohol poisoning can cause lung damage as you inhale your own vomit and can lead to heart attacks. Alcohol irritates the stomach, so heavy drinking can cause sickness, nausea and sometimes diarrhoea. Alcohol can cause disease and cancer: - lung cancer: drink enough alcohol, and you are likely to damage your liver.
Smokers have a 70% higher rate of coronary heart disease than nonsmokers, nearly twice the risk of heart attack, and five times the risk of stroke. Tobacco use can lead to physical and psychological dependence on nicotine, particularly in cigarette smokers. The United States Surgeon General's 1988 report states that "cigarettes and other forms of tobacco are just as addicting as heroin and cocaine." People who are physically dependent on tobacco suffer a withdrawal reaction when they stop using it. Some signs of withdrawal are: irritability, anxiety, headaches, sleep disturbances (insomnia or drowsiness), difficulty concentrating, decreased heart rate and increased appetite, and a craving for nicotine.
Carditis and endocarditis, the infection and inflammation of the heart, can occur as a result of a weak immune system, liver problems, heart surgery, or an autoimmune disorder. A number of health –related behaviors contribute remarkably to the onset cardiovascular disease. Smokers are two times as likely to have a heart attack as non-smokers, and one fifth of the annual 1,000,000 deaths from CVD can be attributed to smoking. A sedentary lifestyle increases one’s risk of heart disease. However, America remains predominantly sedentary, and more than half of American adults do not practice the recommended level of physical activity, while more than one-fourth are completely sedentary Between 20-30%, approximately 58 million people, of the nation’s adults are obese.
The most common is obtaining older and alternative factors are high blood pressure (hypertension), smoking, being overweight, having too much sugar in blood (diabetes) and having abundant in excessive amount of cholesterol in blood. Strokes occur once the blood flow within the brain is hampered and brain tissue is broken. There are 2 major varieties of strokes: Ischemic and Trauma. The severity of injury to the brain tissue depends on several factors together with age, area of the brain affected, and alternative medical conditions. If the hand and arm doesn’t have medical aid in real time when stroke, it will reduce the power and muscle management, leading to a claw like look and loss of perform.