The early 1900’s in the United States was a time that will never be forgotten, these years brought much change to our society both good and bad. Depending on what race you were, you were either happy or miserable. Although the African Americans of this time had gained their freedom thanks to the 13th amendment, they were still treated as second-class citizens. They were treated as if they were not even human beings and separated from the whites thanks to the Jim Crow laws. The Jim Crow Laws were statutes established in the South to segregate the blacks and whites. Everything from schools, trains and restaurants were segregated. Many people know about the Jim Crow laws but wonder how and where they began. In 1862, Homer Plessy: an octaroon, …show more content…
The whites were becoming more and more afraid of the blacks gaining power so they did everything they could to “bring back their way of life”. At this time, blacks were already guaranteed suffrage by the 15th amendment, so poll taxes and literacy tests were imposed as a way to exclude them from voting. Black people could often not afford these taxes and could not pass literacy tests due to the low quality education they received. This made it impossible for a black person to be elected to make any real change. There were even vigilante groups like the Ku Klux Klan who would terrorize and lynch the blacks. One of the biggest disadvantages toward the blacks was economics. If they were paid more for their hard work they would’ve been able to move out of the south quicker and not had to deal with the mistreatment. All of these factors contributed to the regression of the blacks but the most powerful had to be the Jim Crow …show more content…
People wondered how much of it was accurate to his life. Although no one except him knows whether he ever felt these things or not, it is evident that this novel was written to prove a point. The main character represents the feelings of the majority of blacks at the time. One can only imagine how blacks felt growing up in a world that constantly de-humanized them and treated them like garbage. The Jim Crow Laws created a sort of self-hatred for the blacks. They were treated as if they were a disease that the whites did not even want to be close to. Some African Americans lived their whole lives being treated this way and that had to do something to their self esteem. By the end of the novel the unnamed narrator finally declares himself a white man. He is the father of two and the widow of one. In the last words of the novel he states, “I no longer have the same fear for myself of my secret’s being found out, for since my wife's death I have gradually dropped out of social life; but there is nothing I would not suffer to keep the brand from being placed upon them [his children]” (Johnson 153). The character feels like a coward for not embracing and standing with his race, but for the sake of his children he is willing to live with that so that his children will not have to; so that they
Blacks were treated unjustly due to the Jim Crow laws and the racial stigmas embedded into American society. Under these laws, whites and colored people were “separate but equal,” however this could not be further from the truth. Due to the extreme racism in the United States during this time period, especially in the South, many blacks were dehumanized by whites to ensure that they remained inferior to them. As a result of their suffering from the prejudice society of America, there was a national outcry to better the lives of colored people.
The social conditions throughout the era were extremely poor. Legal discrimination was around and African Americans were denied democratic rights and freedoms. The southern states would pass strict laws to normalize interactions between white people and African Americans. For example, Jim Crow signs were placed above regularly visited places by everyone, such as water fountains, public facilities, door entrances and exits, etc. Even the most basic rights such as drinking from a water fountain was taken away from African Americans. They would also have separate buildings for African
The ending of the Civil War sought as a new beginning for many African-Americans who were finally given the freedoms that many had hoped for and the equality between blacks and whites. That hope soon became false when Jim Crow laws were put into place. Through the time period of 1877 to the mid-1960s, Jim Crow laws were operated as the racial caste system primarily in southern and border states in the U.S. (Pilgrim). This system discriminated African-Americans as the status of second-class citizens that was directed under
Throughout the 1800’s and 1900’s in the southern region of the United States, all African Americans were treated like they didn’t belong here in this country. Almost all white males that were wealthy owned a plethora of African Americans as their personal slaves. They would work days upon days for their respective owners. Whether it was picking cotton or doing whatever their owner asked of them, they were pretty much treated like they were anything but a human being. They were treated poorly and their living conditions can probably be considered as inhumane. The quality of life for the two races in our beloved country had a huge difference. This era was more commonly known as the Jim Crow era. “Jim Crow describes the segregationist social system
Jim Crow laws, in U.S. history, statutes enacted by Southern states and munici-palities, beginning in the 1880s, legalizing segregation between blacks and whites (Woodward, 6). One of the most cited cases serving as the basis of Jim Crow was the Supreme Court case Plessy Vs Ferguson . The Court ruling in 1896 in Plessy v. Ferguson stated that separate facilities for whites and blacks were constitutional. This encouraged the passage of discriminatory laws that undermined and basically voided any progress that had been made on the behalf of blacks during the post civil war Reconstruction. These separate, but equal laws were passed for not only for railways and street cars, put for railways and streetcars, but eventually expanded to include almost all other aspects of life including public waiting rooms, restaurants, boardinghouses, theaters, hospitals, schools as well as many other public institutions. The general contention of the separate institutions created for blacks was that generally they were of inferior quality.
The south started to allow blacks to be elected into government and allow them to elect their own leaders. According to the video “The Failure of Reconstruction”, the southern states started to elect blacks for governor and many other positions in the government and gave blacks more freedom (Failure of Reconstruction). Now the blacks could become governors and that opened the door for their opinion and their choices on their representatives in the office. Blacks should deserve the right to be elected and have a say in decisions for their country. According to the article “Equality in African American Politics”, “In African-American politics blacks should be entitled to certain opportunities such as representation in Congress or access to employment as a group rather than as individuals.” In other words blacks should be treated exactly like whites and now they have been given the right to be represented in the government office. The South started to give more rights to blacks and more freedom. According to the video “The Failure of Reconstruction”, the struggle between North and South shifted from the battlefield to the political ground. As a result the South started to change their government and give the rights blacks deserve to be represented and accounted for in political government. The blacks had a choice on who would represent them and a lot more freedom than they originally
In 1865, four million Americans who were called slaves simply because they were born black, were now free with an expectation that they would enjoy all civil liberties. The post-Civil War period of Reconstruction provided freedmen with various rights, but in little over a decade, the promise of emancipation and equal rights was gone, replaced by rigid system of laws designed to keep blacks from experiencing any of their newly achieved rights, which is known as the era of Jim Crow, the American form of racial Apartheid that separated Americans into two groups: whites, the so-called superiors and blacks, the inferiors. The phase that began in 1877 was inaugurated by withdrawal of Union troops from the south that would leave the future of former slaves in the hands of white southerners. The rise of Jim Crow segregation in the 1890s was not a mere expression of racism but developed out of a complex and corrupt outworking of many political causes like removal Northern troops and the disintegration of Republican influence, and economic interests like Panic of 1893, which imposed separation of blacks to avoid competition, in the impoverished, post-Reconstruction south.
Even though Blacks were granted independence, laws were set up to limit this accomplishment. Jim Crow Laws, enforced in 1877 in the south, were still being imposed during the 1930s and throughout. These laws created segregation between the two races and created a barrier for the Blacks. For example, even though African Americans were allowed to vote, southern states created a literary test exclusively for them that was quite difficult to pass, since most Blacks were uneducated. However, if they passed the reading test, they were threatened death. Also, they had to pay a special tax to vote, which many African Americans could not afford. This obstacle caused Blacks to not have a voice in the USA’s political decisions. Furthermore, they were left with the worst jobs in town and had the poorest schools because of segregation (The Change in Attitudes…). In the southern states, compared to White schooling education, the Blacks received one-third of school funding. The White people dominated the states and local government with their decisions and made sure that the Blacks were weak. They weren’t being treated in hospitals because the doctors refused to do treatment on them. Also, because of the laws and segregation, people claim that there was a ‘visible colored line’ in publi...
Jim Crow Laws were a way of life from 1876 to the 1965. While exploring the site I became more informed of these laws. Several places on the website assisted with this information. On “Bitter Times” I started to understand how African Americans were robbed of their basic rights in the hands of Jim Crow. After that, I visited the “Danger, Violence, Exploration” page, which explained the cruelty that African Americans had to face due to whites in the south. Next, I decided to go on the “Whites Remember Jim Crow” where I was educated by more elderly whites on how they believe that the past was more peaceful with Jim Crow regarding race relations than now. I viewed all of the slide shows and listened to all of the audio clips on each page. It was interesting yet melancholy to hear the African Americans that were raised in that time period speak of their experiences. They would be yelled at for just walking on the sidewalk. Also, there was a man speaking of times that he was falsely accused for crimes he did not commit and sent to jail just because of the color
The Jim Crow laws were a way to keep black people from ever having any real freedom. Jim Crow came from a song and dance routine of an actor touring the country from the 1820s-1870s. The actor was a white man who painted his face black and humiliated himself when he was pretending to be a black man, while performing for white audiences only (Tishauser, 217). This developed to be the name of the laws used to eliminate the rights recently granted to the black people. With the idea of White Supremacy, many people banded together to form a terrorist society ca...
The transition of being a black man in a time just after slavery was a hard one. A black man had to prove himself at the same time had to come to terms with the fact that he would never amount to much in a white dominated country. Some young black men did actually make it but it was a long and bitter road. Most young men fell into the same trappings as the narrator’s brother. Times were hard and most young boys growing up in Harlem were swept off their feet by the onslaught of change. For American blacks in the middle of the twentieth century, racism is another of the dark forces of destruction and meaninglessness which must be endured. Beauty, joy, triumph, security, suffering, and sorrow are all creations of community, especially of family and family-like groups. They are temporary havens from the world''s trouble, and they are also the meanings of human life.
Before I read this novel I had only ever seen the effects of racism from a white person’s point of view. After reading this I began to understand how life would have been for a black person during this time, and the effects which it would have had on their job, family and own self-esteem.
Blacks had suffered under the Jim Crow laws for 87 years. From 1877- 1964, the Jim Crow Laws were made to keep blacks “ in their place”. African Americans couldn’t use the same restrooms, cars, doors, even windows as whites. Many blacks couldn’t vote in the very early years of the laws. The 1960s are when they stopped for good. The laws were awful for the blacks and here is where they are talked about. From the 1800s and 1900s, the Jim Crow laws came about in many forms till their demise.
Jim Crow laws determined how an individual was treated in the areas of social interactions, education, and heath care. The treatment of blacks and the US Constitution’s misrepresentation of “equal but separate” under the Jim Crow laws was horrible and unfair.
From 1882 to 1968, 3,445 lynching’s were recorded and many were not recorded. This was one way of the many problems black Americans faced, although only 9 lynching’s were recorded from 1950 to 1968 this wasn’t the only way to mistreat black Americans. The American Congress wrote 27 amendments, the 13th stated that slavery was wrong so from December 6th, 1865 slavery was illegal. But soon after over 17 Southern American states invented Jim Crow Laws from 1876 to 1968 this meant that there was segregation with all public facilities such as, public transportation, water fountains and education services.(145) The name Jim Crow came from a famous white comedian who made racist jokes about other races.