With the passing of these laws came violence and aggression for those, for and against these laws. The South was hard to change, as is the world. Jim Crow laws came from Thomas “Daddy” Rice, who was infamous for Blackface and who acted as a slave named Jim. Jim’s last name came from his owner who had the same last name. The term Jim Crow was adapted to mean racial segregation and was commonly accepted by white southerners.
The Ku Klux Klan, commonly referred to as the KKK or simply the Klan, dates back to the immediate days after the civil war according to Carnes Nightriding with the Klan (103). During the early days of their existence white southerners continued to discriminate African Americans even after the civil war. According to Jim Carnes Nightriding with the Klan the members of the organization sought to "preserve southern tradition" (106). When the people of the United States would try to unite racially segregated peoples, the Ku Klux Klan has done nothing but attempt to stop the progress by any means necessary, which even includes violence. Many feared that the KKK was too violent, General Meade was in charge of suppressing their power according to the Memphis Daily Avalanches' article "The Military and the Southern Secret Societies".
During the mid-nineteenth century, great changes were sweeping the nation regarding the treatment of blacks. Slavery was still practiced and many white Americans found no fault in it. Others thought it was a despicable institution and sought to have it abolished. Among these people were Abraham Lincoln and Harriet Beecher Stowe. Both were often considered radical in their perception and treatment of blacks considering the severely racist attitude of the time and were the forerunners for black rights.
Jim crow laws, The KKK, and the horrible treatment towards minorities led to the continuance of racism in the country. Since the beginning of slavery, blacks have been treated unequal and when other minorities started coming to the U.S. in the 20th century, they were treated unequal as well. This has impacted 20th century American history because wnhites have always been treated better than any other race, many people could argue that this is still true today. The main cause of segregation in the 20th century were Jim Crow laws. Jim Crow laws were, racial segregation laws from 1876 to 1965 in the United States, for example "1) Reform Schools: The children of white and colored races committed to the houses of reform shall be kept entirely separate from each other.
Racism in the American Society in the 1920s Black people have always been a part of America's history. They were brought to America in the seventeenth century as slaves by white settlers. Slavery ended by the nineteenth century, and by this time there were more black Americans than white Americans in the southern states. However, Blacks always had a tough time, this is due to the stereotypical view that the people had of them. The whites believed that the Blacks were primitive, illiterate and criminals.
Comedy performer Thomas “Jim Crow” Rice coined the term “Jim Crow” through his derogatory minstrel shows in which danced and sang in an offensive way towards African Americans while covered in black shoe polish. Even though Rice was only trying to entertain his audience, his performances suggested that all African Americans were ignorant useless buffoons Rice’s performances were so derogatory towards African Americans that they removed signs of humanity from them and caused people to become less compassionate towards Negroes. As a “system of laws and customs that imposed racial segregation and discrimination on Africans”, Jim Crow Laws were ubiquitous in America from the 1860’s to the 1960’s (Jim Crow Movement). These Jim Crow Laws came into effect after the end of the Reconstruction Era and restricted the social, political and economic rights of African Americans. Unlike the De Jure Segregation of Jim Crow Laws, Jim Crow Etiquette represented the De Facto Segregation in America-- segregation based on customs and practices rather than law.
At the time there were other white supremacy organizations such as the White Brotherhood, the Men of Justice, and the Knights of the White Camelia, but the KKK was the most influential and widely recognized of the groups. At the beginning, the main goal of the Klan was to keep blacks from voting and establish exclusive white government, in the southern states to keep blacks at the level of servitude they were at during slavery. Black trade organizations, protection groups, black sympathizers, and successful black business men were inhumanly terrorized and brutally murdered in the night. Any attempt for a black person to get ahead in the world was threatening to the Klan and quickly put to an end. “There were numerous large bands of organized marauders called the Ku Klux Klan, who were dressed in fantastic uniforms, and who rode at night and inflicted unnumbered and horrible outrages upon the negro so that he could not dare to come to the polls.
The custom of white hoods was adopted by the Klan to protect their identities (Boyer). Because the United States had, for so long, contained white southerners with a long family history of owning slaves, whites became used to the idea of being superior to African Americans. They often believed that they were the victims of the changing nation and believed that their actions were in self-defense of their rights and liberties (Horn). As the American culture became more diverse, the supremacists believed tha... ... middle of paper ... ... strategy for exterminating the Jews was gas chambers- they would move all the Jews into concentration camps and then gradually kill them in the chambers, thousands at a time. By the end of the Second World War and the suicide of Hitler and his family, 12 million people were killed in concentration camps.
This philosophy of racial segregation as Aldon Morris points out , “was the linchpin of Jim Crow” he also adds that, “following slavery [Jim Crow laws] became the new form of white domination, which insured Blacks would remain oppressed well into the twentieth century” (518). During the Jim Crow system whites often relied heavily on terror tactics and fear to uphold the idea of white supremacy. The system “went to great lengths to impress on blacks that they were a subordinate population by forcing them to live in a separate and inferior society” Morris observes (518).The methods used to achieve this were ruthless, according to wo... ... middle of paper ... ..., Martin Luther, Jr. "Letter from Birmingham Jail." Patterns for College Writing: A Rhetorical reader and Guide. Ed.
The Segregation Era was an extremely miserable time for African Americans in the United States. Whites treated African Americans like trash or their own property instead of as equals. I will explain segregation and what the main causes of it were. Then, I will describe what life was like for people living during this period. Finally, I will talk about the laws that were passed during the segregation period.